Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 27-28 World history Imperialism
Terms in this set (50)
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries
belief that one racial group is superior to another
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
A Zulu chief in Southern Africa who used soldiers and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
a white native of Cape Province who is a descendant of Dutch settlers and who speaks Afrikaans
Lasting from 1899 to 1902, Dutch colonists and the British competed for control of territory in South Africa.
a policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving them rights
a policy in which a nation forces or encourages a subject people to adopt its institutions and customs
Emperor of Ethiopia who successfully resisted European conquest
an interest in or taking of land for its strategic location or products
(1853-1856) Russian war against Ottomans for control of the Black Sea; intervention by Britain and France cause Russia to lose; Russians realize need to industiralize.
a ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
An Indian soldier serving under British command.
Jewel in the crown
British colony of India - so called because of its importance in the British Empire, both as supplier of raw materials and as a market for British trade goods - most valuable of all of Britain's colonies
an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India
British dominion over India (1757-1947)
Countries bordering the Pacific Ocean
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.
The Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests.
War between Britain and the Qing Empire that was, in the British view, occasioned by the Qing government's refusal to permit the importation of opium into its territories. The victorious British imposed the one-sided Treaty of Nanking on China.
An exemption of foreign residents from the laws of a country.
a mid-19th century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan
Sphere of Influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
A 1900 revolt in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the country
Treaty of Kanagawa
An 1854 agreement between the United States and Japan, which opened two Japanese ports to U.S. ships and allowed the United States to set up an embassy in Japan.
The period of time from 1867 to 1912 under a new form of government. The leader tried to end Japan's problems by modernizing, and sending statesmen to Europe and North America to study foreign ways. This helped strengthen economic and military power.
A conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea.
military dictator in Latin America
The doctrine that stated that America would not allow colonization in the Western Hemisphere.
led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 through the Spanish-American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
was a Mexican general and dictator, who dominated Mexican politics for a quarter of a century. He was elected president, but didn't serve; instead he overthrew the government and established himself as a dictator.
Mexican national hero; brought liberal reforms to Mexico, including separation of church and state, land distribution to the poor, and an educational system for all of Mexico
a liberal reform movement in 19th-century Mexico, led by Benito Juarez
Mexican general that became dictator and made major economic advances. Also buit railroads, increased foreign trade, developed some industry and expanded mining.
early leader in the Mexican Revolution; in 1911 became president of Mexico; wanted land ownership and free, honest elections
Mexican Revolutionary and military commander in northern Mexico during the Mexican Revolution who had a Robin Hood policy of stealing from the rich to give to the poor.
Revolutionary and leader of peasants in the Mexican Revolution. He mobilized landless peasants in south-central Mexico in an attempt to seize and divide the lands of the wealthy landowners.
Spanish-born, came to Latin America; ruled, highest social class
descendents of Spanish-born BUT born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status
Persons of mixed European and African ancestry.
Venezuelan statesman who led the revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule
Jose de San Martin
South American general and statesman, born in Argentina: leader in winning independence for Argentina, Peru, and Chile; protector of Peru
Mexican priest who led peasants in call for independence and improved conditions
Jose Maria Morelos
Mexican priest and former student of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, he led the forces fighting for Mexican independence
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
World History Chapter 25 The Industrial Revolution
Imperialism Chapters 27+28
Chapter 23 - The French Revolution and Napoleon
World History: Chapter 13 & 14
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 12: Transformations Around the Globe
LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY VOCAB
Chapter 28 world history
History Chapter 28
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Chapter 27 - The Age of Imperialism
World History Patterns of Interaction Chapter 27