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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Civil War Test
Terms in this set (34)
Shots were fired at Ft. Sumter, South Carolina on this date, officially sparking the Civil War
April 12, 1861
Nickname for Civil War General Thomas Jonathan Jackson.
This abolitionist was born into slavery in Maryland and later became a powerful speaker
She was the author of the influential book Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address on this date
November 19, 1863
This man led an anti-slavery rebellion at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
She led many slaves to freedom through the system known as the "Underground Railroad."
This general led the "march to the sea."
William Tecumseh Sherman
Generals Lee and Grant met on this date to discuss the Confederacy's surrender terms
April 9, 1865
What is a civil war?
A civil war is a war that takes place within a single country. It usually divides a country in half.
How long did the Civil War last?
1861-1865; 4 years
Who is the most experienced general the Confederate army had?
Robert E. Lee
Which general did Abraham Lincoln give control of the Union army to in 1863?
Ulysses S. Grant
Who is Sherman and what is he most known for?
A general of the Union army who led the Atlanta Campaign and the March to the Sea, in which Savannah, GA was captured.
Who is John Brown, and what did he do?
He was an abolitionist led a raid on Harper's Ferry, VA to arm African Americans.
Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired?
What is an abolitionist?
Someone who is against slavery.
What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
It was a document from Abraham Lincoln that declared all enslaved people in rebellious states were free.
What were the four major causes of the Civil War?
Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe, and what did she do?
She was an abolitionist who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about the cruelties of slavery.
Who was Jefferson Davis?
President of the Confederate states of America
The northern economy was mostly?
The southern economy was mostly?
Who surrendered to General Grant, and where did it take place?
Robert E. Lee at the Appomattox Courthouse
What does secede mean?
To leave or break away
What are tariffs?
Tax on imported goods
What are fugitives?
A person who runs away
Who did Abraham Lincoln defeat in the election of 1860, and what was the political climate like at the time of that election?
The country was divided between the north and the south over slavery, the transcontinental railroad, the economy (north was industrial and manufacturing; south was agricultural), and west homesteads.
What were some of the key turning points that led to the start of the Civil War in April 1861?
Abraham Lincoln became President
11 states seceded from the Union
Battle of Fort Sumter
When did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation, and what was the significance of this document?
January 1, 1863
All slaves living in the territories rebelling against the Union were now free.
Why were the battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg turning points in the Civil War?
Before the Battle of Gettysburg, the Confederacy had been winning the war. After the Battle of Vicksburg, the Union began to win.
What are some of the roles African Americans played during the Civil War?
African Americans were slaves before the Civil War, which was one of the main reasons the war started. African Americans from the South helped fight with the Union, once they made it to the North.
At what point do you think it became clear that the Union would prevail against the Confederacy? When did the war officially end? Where?
After the Battle of Vicksburg.
What was the 13th Amendment, and why was it important?
The 13th Amendment ended slavery in the U.S.
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