AP Human Geography CH. 11 Industry Vocab
Terms in this set (38)
The clustering of productive activities and people for mutual advantage.
Arrangement of workers, machines, and equipment in which the product being assembled passes consecutively from operation to operation until completed.
Industries that produce goods and services for sale outside the region.
A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
a property which has the presence or potential to be a hazardous waste, pollutant or contaminant.
An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs.
An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs.
Wealth (in terms of money or property) owned or employed in business by an individual, firm, or corporation.
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
The causing to lose industrial capability or strength; making less industrial in character.
Economies of scale
Lower production costs as a result of larger volume of production.
Export processing zone
Special area(s) of a country where some normal trade barriers are eliminated and bureaucratic requirements are lowered in hopes of attracting new business and foreign investments.
An industry whose location is not strongly influenced by access to materials and/or markets, and can operate in a wide range of locations.
Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly.
The refusal of a company to leave its original location even when the reasons that made the location suitable or advantageous have disappeared.
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
The Fundamental facilities and systems serving an area.
An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.
States that optimum location of a manufacturing firm is explained in terms of cost minimization.
Firms choose locations that maximize their profits and individuals choose locations that maximize their utility.
A region in which manufacturing activities have clustered together.
Factories built by the U.S. companies in Mexico near the U.S. border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
The production or manufacture of goods in large quantities.
New International Division of Labor
Transfer of some types of jobs (especially those requiring low-paid less skilled workers) from MDCs to LDCs
Industries that produces goods or services that are consumed locally.
A decision by a corporation to turn over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliers.
Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that perform a variety of tasks.
An industry that deals with the extraction of raw materials.
Unfinished goods consumed by a manufacturer in providing finished goods.
A law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment.
Location factors related to the cost of factors of production inside the plant. (Land, Labor, Capital)
Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory.
Industries that deal with making products that are likely to be directly consumed by individuals.
The substitution of a product, service, or process to another that is more efficient or beneficial in some way with the same functionality.
A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing.
A system of weights and pulleys used to help determine the optimum location of a production facility.
Creator of a model that states that the optimum location of a manufacturing firm is explained in terms of cost minimization.
Exists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and/or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other's demands.