Long strip of material (gauze, muslin, or elastic)
Initial turn on extremity should be applied securely, and, when possible around the part of the limb that has the smallest circumference.
Roller Bandage for Hand/Wrist
Bandage diagonally upward and around the wrist and back over the palm. 2 or 3 inch bandages
Usually made of muslin. Can be used for Head, Shoulder, Chest, Hip/Buttock, Side of the Chest, and Foot/Hand.
Triangular bandage can be folded into a strip for easy application during emergency. Can be used for Head, Eye, Temple/Cheek/Ear, Elbow/Knee, Arm/Leg and Axilla.
Measures O2 saturation of patients blood and changes in blood volume in the skin. Acceptable normal ranges are from 95% to 100%. Although values down to 90% are common.
Crystalloids: Aqueous solutions of mineral salts or other water-soluble molecules.
Colloids: Larger insoluble molecules
(NS) 0.91% w/v of NaCl. Rapid infusion can cause Metabolic Acidosis. 1.5 and 3 liters a day for an adult.
Lactated Ringers Solution
(LR) Often usef for fluid resuscitation after blood loss due to trauma, surgery, and/or burn injury. Rate of administration: 20 to 30 ml/kg
Synthetic plasma expander. It is used to prevent shock following severe blood loss caused by trauma. Dosage for plasma volume expansion: Adults: 500-1000 mL (up to 1500 mL/day) or 20 mL/kg/day (up to 1500 mL/day)
Intravenous Infusion Set
Intraosseous Device: Pyng Fast-1 (trademark)
(BVM) Ventilator: When using external cardiac compressions, cardiac compressions, the cardiac output is cut to 25 to 30% of normal capacity, and artificial ventilation does not supply enough 02 through the circulatory system to maintain. 5 liters per min. 50% concentration. 15 liters per min. 90% concentration.
Only on unconscious casualties because a conscious person will gag on it. Extend from corner of the patient's mouth to the tip of the earlobe
May be used on conscious casualties. Extends from the patient's nasal opening to the tip of the earlobe on the same side of the patient's face.
Phase of Rescue Operation
1. Remove lightly pinned casualties
2. Remove those casualties who are trapped in more difficult circumstances
3. Removes casulaties where extractions is extremely difficult and time consuming
4. Removal of dead bodies
Stages of Extrication
1. Gain access
2. Give lifesaving emergency care
4. Preparing casualties for removal
5. Removing casulaties from trapped areas and transporting to an ambulance or sickbay
Providing Care while Receiving Combat Fire
HM may be essential obtaining tactical fire superiority, Return fire!
Wire basket supported by iron rods, can also be used with flotation devices to rescue injured survivors from the water. Should be padded with 3 blankets: 2 placed lengthwise; under each leg of patient. 1 folded in half and placed in the upper part to protect shoulders/head.
Kendrik Extrication Device
KED. Semi-regid used to immobilize casualties with minor neck and back injuries.
Chair Carry: NEVER BE USED TO MOVE A PERSON WHO HAS AN INJURED NECK BACK OR PELVIS
UH-1: 2 pilots, 1 chief, 1 medic. 3 litters, 4 ambulatory.
Max: 6 litters, 9 ambulatory. Red Crosses (4) one one the nose belly and each cargo door
UH-60A: Same crew as UH-1. 4litters and 1 ambulatory
Max: 6 litters, 1 ambulatory or 7 ambulatory. 5 crosses nose, belly, each cargo door and on top.
CH-47: 2 pilots, 2 chiefs, 1 medic 6 litters. 12 litters and 16 ambulatory
Max: 31 ambulatory or 1 ambulatory and 24 litters. No red cross markings. (Casualty Evac)
A,B,C, and D.
A: Fully encapsulating
B. Chemical Resistant Clothing
C. Full-Face piece, air-purifying canister-equiped respirator
D: Coveralls, safety boots, glasses, and hard hat.
Warm Zone: Transition are between the contaminated area and clean area.
Law of Armed Conflict
Emcompasses all international law regulating the conduct of nations and individuals engaged in armed conflict.
Non Tactical Triage for Treatment
Casualties with total upper away obstruction, inhalation burns, massive maxillofacial trauma and cannot be ventilated by other means
Needle Chest Decompression
Between the second and third rib, large bored 3.25 inch, 14 gauge needle and catheter unit
Shock loss of intravascular volume
Blood lose is 5-6 liters. Normal loss of approx. 1 liter or 25-40% of person's total blood volume
Massive hemorrahage maybe fatal within 60-120 seconds
Stages of Shock
Compensated (non-progressive): Blood pressure is maintained; however, there is narrowing of the pulse pressure
Decompensated (progressive): Blood pressure is falling because blood volume has dropped to 15-25%
Irreversible: Shock has progressed to terminal stage
Stroke or Apoplexy interruption of blood supply to a portion of the brain. 1st sign includes weakness or paralysis of the side of the body opposite side of the brain that has been injured.
In case of ingestion of substances do not induce vomiting in a patient who is not awake or alert
Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
Condition charaterized by sudden onset, excessive skin irritation, painful erythema, bullae, and exfoliation of the skin in sheets.
Deformities, Contusions, Abrasions, Punctunre-Penetration, Burns, Tenderness, Lacerations, Swelling
Anaphylaxis or Anaphylatic Shock; Severe allergic reaction to foreign material
Forgetting insulin treatment, or too little insulin to maintain a balance condition.
Condition in which air enters the chest cavity through a hole in the lung, expanding the space with every breath taken in
Gently move a sterile gloved hand into the vagina to keep its walls and the baby from compressing the cord
Classification of Severity Burns (Thermal)
1st Degree: Epidermal layer
2nd Degree: Blisters, mottled appearance, and a red base.
3rd Degree: Full Thickness injury
Acids, Alkalis, or other chemicals come in contact witht he skin or other body membranes
Less common but far more serious condition than heat exhaustion. 20% mortality rate. Lack of Sweat
Mild cold injury caused by prolonged and repeated exposure for several hours to air temp. from above freezing 32F to as high as 60F
Tearing of the lungs with air leaking out and remaining inside the chest cavity
Tearing of the lungs with air leaking out of the lung the migrating up and out of the chest cavity and stopping at the base of the neck
Arterial Gas Embolism; capillaries on the alveolar sacs at the location of a tear in the lung draw gas into the blood stream
Substance that when introduced into the body, produces a harmful effect on normal body structures or functions
Acids and alkalis (bases) produce actual chemical burning and corrosion of the tissue of the lips, mouth, throat, and stomach
Corrosives (Acid or Base) Ingestion
Never administer a neutralizing solution by mouth. Give H20 only, unless otherwise directed by PCP or medical officer
Centruroides exilicauda "bark scorpion" Mexico and US southwest region may cause severe effects
Red hourglass-shaped spot on belly, Bites causes dull, numbing pain, spreads gradually from bite site to the muscles of the torso
Violin-shaped marking. Bite may go unnoticed, after several hours, bleb develops over site and rings or erythema surrounding the bleb.