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History - Islam 10.1 & 2

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When was Moses given the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai?
1500-1001 B.C.E.
When was the Bhagavad Gita written?
200 B.C.E.
When was the probably date of the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ?
30 C.E.
When did Muhammad die?
632 C.E.
When was Muhammad born?
570 C.E.
Who did Muhammad marry?
Khadija
How many children did Muhammad have?
6
Who was the most famous child of Muhammad?
Fatima
Who did Muhammad had revelations from?
Gabriel
What did Gabriel tell Muhammad?
"Recite in the name of thy Lord who created."
Name the 5 Central Beliefs of Islam.
Profession of faith (belief), prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage
What is the translation of the term "Islam"?
"Surrender"
What is the main holy book of Islam?
Qur'an, Koran
How many times do you go through the Hajj in your life?
Once
What is the primary source of every Muslim's faith and practice?
Qur'an
What is the Islamic source second to the authority of the Qur'an?
Hadith
What does the Hadith include?
Collection of sayings attributed to the prophet and members of the early Muslim community
What was a vital element during the first three centuries of Islamic history?
Hadith
What does "Hadith" literally mean?
Conveyed to man
Hadith and Sunna/Sunnah are used ____.
Interchangeably
Whose terminology translated "Hadith" into "Sayings of the prophet"?
Muhaditheen
An Islamic title, referring to one who profoundly knowns and narrates Hadiths.
Muhaddith
The Qur'an and the Hadith form the basis of Islamic law - known as the ____.
Shariah
What is the system of law that relates to everything?
Shariah
What does the Qur'an forbid?
Worshiping of idols
What are mosques often decorated with?
Geometric patterns
What is a great sin in Islam called?
Shirk
How many times do Muslims pray a day?
5
What are all Muslim men required to do on Fridays?
Attend the mosque for after-midday prayer
What was the main aspect of Muslim attire?
Modesty
What must Muslims do before prayer?
Wash their bodies
What were the seating arrangements in a mosque like?
Sexes were separated
What is the role of the Muezzin?
Call to worship
What does a Muezzin do during prayer service?
Stands in mosques and proclaim Allah is most great
What was the role of the Imam?
To lead the community prayers
Who is the leader of the local Muslim community?
Imam
What is the role of khatib?
Preaches the Friday sermon
Where were the first mosques?
Muhammad's courtyard in Medina
All Muslim prayer is made facing ____.
Mecca
All Muslims are considered equal when standing before ____.
God
What is marriage considered joining?
Two families
Marriage is a contract between ____ and ____, not a religious rite.
Man, woman
Polygamy is one way of trying to make sure women have what?
Protection of family life
Who advised all men to treat their wives equally?
Muhammad
What did Muhammad's death cause a crisis of?
Leadership
Some of Muhammad's followers in ____ argued that the leadership should fall to a close family member.
Medina
Who was the successor of Muhammad?
Abu-bakr
What does Caliph mean?
Successor, deputy
Who succeeded Aku-bakr?
Umar
What leaders were in the "Rightly Guided" Caliphs?
Umar, Uthman, and Ali
Who was the real founder of the early Muslim empire?
Umar
Which caliph invaded Persia and the Byzantine territory?
Umar
How long did Umar rule Islam?
10 years
Why did Umar's expansion halt?
Civil war for mastery
Who was the husband of Fatima?
Ali
Who was the last orthodox caliph for a long period of time?
Ali
What caliphs expanded the Muslim Empire by 6,000 mile?
Uthman and Ali
What aspect of Muslim life had to be in order?
Religious
Muslims drew energy from their ____.
Faith
Who was the governor of Syria?
Muawiyah
Who initiated the Umayyad dynasty?
Muawiyah
What relation did Muawiyah have to Ali?
His chief rival
The change from electing the caliph to dynastic succession proved ____.
Fateful
Who are the supporters of Ali called?
Shi'ites
What did the Shi'ites form?
Significant minority within Islam that continues to the present
True or False: Shi'ites believed in having elected caliphs.
False
True of False: Kharijites rejected caliphs.
True
What group frequently fought against the rule of the majority of the caliphs?
Kharijites
Who were the supporters of Muawiyah and his successors?
Sunni
Who was the skillful leader of the Umayyad dynasty?
Muawiyah
Muawiyah moved the capital from ____ to ____.
Medina, Damascus
Who made the office of caliph more powerful?
Muawiyah
What dynasty of caliphs claimed descent from Abbas, uncle of Muhammad?
Abbasid Dynasty
What dynasty of caliphs favored Arabs?
Umayyads
What caliph dynasty opened faith to ALL "comers" on an essentially equal basis?
Abbasid Dynasty
In 762, Abbasids built a new capital city at ____, on the ____ river.
Baghdad, Tigris
The Fatimid caliphate was formed by ____ ____.
Shi'a Muslims
Where was the Fatimid Dynasty's capital?
Cairo
Describe the geographic setting in which Islam developed.
Arabian peninsula
The Muslim calendar is ____.
Lunar
According to the Muslim calendar, we are now in what century?
15th
How long is the Muslim calendar year?
354 days
Name the Five Pillars of Islam (in English).
Faith, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage
Name the Five Pillars of Islam (in Islam).
Shahada, Salaah, Zakaah, Siyaam, Hajj
Sunni or Shi'i: which is the majority group?
Sunni
Sunni or Shi'i: which group accepts the Koran as the divine word of Allah?
Both
Define Sunna.
Traditions
Sunni or Shi'i: which group believes in the pilgrimage to Mecca?
Both
What is the main difference between Sunnis and the Shi'as?
Their view on Islamic history
What is the translation of the word "Shi'a"?
Follower
What do the Shi'as follow?
Authority of Ali
Sunni or Shi'a: which group believed that Ali was divinely appointed immediate successor to Muhammad?
Shi'a
Due to historical fact, who was the fourth successor to Muhammad?
Ali
Sunni or Shi'a: which group was more open and accepting into their group?
Sunni
Sunni or Shi'a: which group was more particular in allowing people enter their group?
Shi'a
What were the main trade routes of the Arabian peninsula?
Byzantine, Persia Empires, and Silk Roads
At age 6, what had Muhammad turned into?
An orphan
Where did Muhammad receive his first revelation?
Cave of Hira
Define Sura.
Chapter
How many suras are in the Qur'an?
114
What language is the Qur'an written in?
Arabic
Fill in: Adam, ____, Abraham, ____, Jesus, ____.
Noah, Moses, Muhammad
Translate Shahada.
Testimony
What times of the day do Muslims pray their mandatory prayers?
Dawn, noon, late afternoon, sunset, before going to bed
What is the call to prayer by the Muezzin?
Salat
What is mandatory on Fridays?
To pray in the mosque
Translate Zakat.
Purification, growth
What percentage of income goes into the Zakat?
2.5
What his fasting during the holy month of Ramadan called?
Sawm
What is the Sawm considered a method of?
Self-purification
Those who complete the Hajj can add the title ____ or ____ to their name.
Hajji, hajja
What are Islamic scholars called?
Ulama
What is the main aspect of Muslims way of life?
Religion
What is the present-day country with the largest Muslim population?
Indonesia
The pillar of Shahada is also known as...
Profession of the Creed
The pillar of Shahada claims...
There is one creator, Allah
What cultural practice comes from the pillar of Salat?
The mandatory prayers five times a day
Which pillar of Islam is the giving to the poor and those in need?
Zakat
What cultural practice comes from the pillar of Siyam?
Fasting from dawn to sunset during Ramadan
When was Khadija born?
555 C.E.
Who was the first woman to embrace Islam?
Khadija
The Koran states, without ____ or ____ who stands equal before God?
Reservation, ambiguity, men and women
When did Muhammad receive his revelation from Gabriel?
510 A.D.
Whose murder provoked the first civil war?
Uthman
What is the Holy Book of Judaism?
Tenakh
What is the main key belief of Jews?
That God made a covenant with Abraham
Define Halal.
Acts allowed in Islam
Define Haram.
Acts not allowed in Islam
Name the three sects of Christianity.
Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant
Name the two sect of Islam.
Sunni and Shi'i
Name the three sects of Judaism.
Orthodox, Conservative, Reform
Southwest Asia (Middle East) was a bridge between what three continents?
Africa, Asia, and Europe
Who were the Arab nomads that inhabited the arabian deserts?
Bedouins
Name three common trade goods brought to Arabia.
Spices, incense, perfumes
How many idols did the Ka'aba contain?
360
Translate the term Muslim.
"One who has been submitted"
Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina) became known as...
Hijrah
What is the Muslim religious community called?
Umma
Muhammad taught that Allah was the one and only God and that all other gods must be abandoned. What did this teaching develop into?
Islam
What are Muslims forbidden to eat and drink?
Pork and alcohol
What helped unite conquered people as the Muslim control expanded?
Arabic language
What is the Muslim's best model for proper living?
Sunna
What was Muhammad's example?
Sunna
The guidance of the Qur'an and Sunna was assembled in a body of law known as...
Shari'a
What system of law regulates the family life, moral conduct and business and community life of Muslims?
Shari'a
What is in the Fatihah?
Muslims ask God for guidance for the "straight path"
True of False: The group of Muslims, rejecting the lifestyle of the Umayyads, which pursued a life of poverty and spirituality, were called the Sunni.
False
Which capital city was founded during the Abbasid Dynasty (Empire?
Baghdad
Identify. Proclaims the call to worship.
Muezzin
When is Islams holy day?
Friday
What is the Minbar part of a mosque?
Ladder where the imam leads the worship
What is the Mihrab part of a mosque?
The wall that is in the direction of Mecca
Who was Ali and Fatima's oldest child?
Hasan
Where is the Dome of the Rock?
Jerusalem
What was the Dome of Rock built around?
The rock where Muhammad was taken up to heaven to meet God
What is the magic number of Islamic worship?
3
Translate "Jihad"
Striving
What caliph provoked jihad?
Abu-bakr
Under Umar, Muslim armies conquered ____ and lower ____.
Syria, Egypt
Muslims allowed conquered peoples to follow their own religion. Christians and Jews, as "________" received special consideration.
People of the book
What did conquered Christians and Jews have to do each year for exemption from military duties?
Pay a poll tax
Which caliph in the Rightly Guided Caliphs was murdered?
Uthman
Who rejected the luxurious life of the Umayyads?
Sufi
Sufis pursued a life of ____ and devotion to a ____ path.
poverty, spiritual
Out of the several empires of the Muslims, which was the strongest?
Abbasids
What were Muslims who lived in North Africa called?
Bebers
During the creation of the Fatima Empire, what were the two major sea-trading networks?
Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean
Banks offered letters of credit, called ____, to merchants.
Sakks