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Blaine Barlow 60 final terms
Terms in this set (60)
a 16th-century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches.
a grant by the Pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution. The unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners was a widespread abuse during the later Middle Ages.
Martin Luther, O.S.A., was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church.
The cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe from roughly the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries
a company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders
Joint Stock Company
an instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the direction of magnetic north and bearings from it
an instrument formerly used to make astronomical measuremIents, typically of the altitudes of celestial bodies, and in navigation for calculating latitude, before the development of the sextant. In its basic form (known from classical times), it consists of a disk with the edge marked in degrees and a pivoted pointer
a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese sailing ship of the 15th-17th centuries
An Italian explorer responsible for the European discovery of America in 1492. He had sailed across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain, under the patronage of the king and queen, Ferdinand and Isabella, hoping to find a westward route to India
a multilateral system of trading in which a country pays for its imports from one country by its exports to another
the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies
a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country
a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century
Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira, was a Portuguese explorer and the first European to reach India by sea
Vasco Da Gama
was a Venetian navigator and explorer whose 1497 discovery of the coast of North America under the commission of Henry VII
was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus' voyages
was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade after Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage
the economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima
was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of Spain
an estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are cultivated by resident labor
Spanish naval invasion force sent against England by Philip II of Spain in 1588. It was defeated by the English fleet and almost completely destroyed by storms off the Hebrides
a member of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church of England under Elizabeth as incomplete and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship
the action of inflating something or the condition of being inflated
the action of a country or its government preparing and organizing troops for active service
Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
His reign, the longest in French history, was characterized by a magnificent court, the expansion of French influence in Europe, and the establishment of overseas colonies.
Rights that people supposedly have under natural law.
Locke argued against the belief that human beings are born with certain ideas already in their minds.
the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical, ethical, or theological matters.
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers
a method of procedure that has characterized natural science since the 17th century, consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses.
a policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering.
was an Anglican cleric and theologian who, with his brother Charles and fellow cleric George Whitefield
Modern capitalism owes its roots to Adam Smith and his Wealth of Nations, which many consider the single most important economic work in history.
a person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order to do so.
a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
the fact or process of being set free from legal, social, or political restrictions; liberation.
compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.
was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone.
Alexander Graham Bell
inventions included the phonograph and incandescent electric light and the microphone and the Kinetoscope
the founder of ford
government by a dictator.
the compensation for war damage paid by a defeated state.
an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other.
a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia and, from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
was a Serbian nationalist who became the catalyst for World War I when he assassinated Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was a Georgian-Soviet revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He governed the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953
Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943.
a place where large numbers of people, especially political prisoners or members of persecuted minorities, are deliberately imprisoned in a relatively small area with inadequate facilities, sometimes to provide forced labor or to await mass execution. The term is most strongly associated with the several hundred camps established by the Nazis in Germany and occupied Europe in 1933-45, among the most infamous being Dachau, Belsen, and Auschwitz.
also known as the Triplice, was a secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed on 20 May 1882 and renewed periodically until World War I. Germany and Austria-Hungary had been closely allied since 1879.
as the understanding linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente on 31 August 1907.
was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Treaty of Versailles
a long and severe recession in an economy or market.
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