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20 terms

Ch 23: Great Depression

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Hoovervilles
communities of run-down shacks on the outskirt of cities
overproduction
a situation in which the supply of manufactured goods exceeds the demand
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
individual chosen by the Democrats to run for President in 1932, he ran on the pledge of a new deal for America
civil rights
rights guaranteed in the Constitution, especially voting and equal treatment under the law
John Collier
under President FDR, this individual was the Commissioner of Indian Affairs who worked to create jobs for Native Americans and worked to protect Native American land
Black Tuesday
this is the name given to October 29, 1929 when the stock market completely crashed
fireside chats
radio talks that were held by FDR to try to boost Americans' confidence in the banks
Eleanor Roosevelt
First Lady who advocated for womens' rights and civil rights
payroll tax
a tax that removes money directly from workers' paychecks
sit-down strike
workers stay in the factory but stop working
Huey Long
Democratic Senator from Louisiana who argued that the government should tax the wealthy and distribute their wealth to the poor
migrant worker
person that travels from farm to farm picking crops
default
fail to repay loans
Francis Townsend
California doctor who wanted a system of government pensions, such as the social security system
Marian Anderson
an African American singer who was not allowed to perform for the Daughters of the American Revolution
bankruptcy
financial failure caused by a company's inability to pay its debts
John Steinbeck
author of the book, The Grapes of Wrath, which describes the miseries of the Dust Bowl
John Lewis
this individual headed the United Mine Workers union, and later formed the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), which was an umbrella organization that consisted of many other unions
Frances Perkins
this individual served as FDR's Secretary of Labor, chaired the Social Securities Act, and wanted employers and employees to work together to create a good working environment, fair wages, and good relations amongst people
collective bargaining
a process that allowed the union to negotiate wages and benefits for all union members; employers were forced to participate in this process with the union