Scripture and Its Interpretation ch 1: The Bible

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Terms in this set (42)
Greek for "revelation"; (1) a genre of Jewish and Christian literature filled with symbolism and visions intended to unveil unseen realities (e.g., heaven and its inhabitants) as well as historical realities (past, present, and future) in order to offer a critique of contemporary political arrangements in light of the coming kingdom of God; (2) a name for the last NT book (Revelation).
concordanceAn alphabetical list or index of words that occur in a corpus of literature (esp. the Bible), with their references or textual locationscovenant(1) A formal agreement (originally political) specifying mutual benefits and obligations between the contracting parties; (2) thus, one of the major theological terms for describing the binding relationship of God with Israel and all humankind; (3) occasionally used to refer to the Jewish Scriptures or the NT, as in "Old Covenant" or "New Covenant."deuterocanonicalReferring to a "second canon," a Roman Catholic designation for the seven books (plus additional portions of Esther and Daniel) from the Septuagint that are not found in the Hebrew canon or in Jerome's Latin Vulgate but are included in the Catholic (and Orthodox) canon.exegesisThe act of "leading out" of the text a meaning based on the careful literary, historical, and/or theological analysis and interpretation of a text; in contrast to eisegesis ("reading into"), though it is generally recognized that no interpretation is without bias.First TestamentAn alternative name for the Christian Old Testament.genreLiterary type, form, or classification (e.g., historical narrative, collection of prophetic oracles, letter, apocalypse).gospel/Gospel"Good news"; (1) the salvific message about Jesus preached by his followers ("the gospel"); (2) a genre of early Christian writing that includes accounts of Jesus' activity and/or teachings, whether canonical or not (e.g., "early Christian gospels"; "the Gospel of Thomas"); (3) one of four such accounts included in the NT canon, usually indicated by an uppercase G (e.g., "the Gospel of Luke"; "the Gospels" as the collection of four).GreekThe lingua franca (common tongue) of the Mediterranean basin following the conquests of Alexander the Great, and hence the language of both the LXX and the NT.HebrewThe primary language of the Tanak, or Old Testament.Hebrew BibleAn alternative designation for the Scriptures of Israel (Tanak; the Christian Old Testament), written primarily in Hebrew.HebrewsThe ancestors of the Israelite nation (from Abraham and Sarah until the time of Moses); (2) an anonymous Jewish-Christian NT writing usually understood as a homily in letter form.JewsDerived from the Hebrew and Greek words for Judah and Judea/Judean; the term for the people of Israel after the Babylonian exile, replacing "Israelites."KetuvimHebrew for "Writings," the third major division of the Tanak, the Jewish Scriptures.Maccabees(1) The Hasmoneans; (2) one or more of the four writings (1-4 Maccabees) from the OT Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha concerned with the Hasmonean era.missio DeiLatin for "the mission of God."Nevi'imHebrew for "Prophets," the second major division of the Tanak, the Jewish Scriptures.New Testament (NT)The second part of the Christian Bible, containing writings that present the new covenant (Latin testamentum) inaugurated by the coming, life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.Old Testament (OT)The first part of the Christian Bible, containing the Jewish Scriptures (the Tanak, or Hebrew Bible) and, except in Protestantism, several additional writings from the Greek Old Testament (the Septuagint).papyrusA marshland plant found in Egypt, Galilee, and other wetlands that could be cut into strips, woven, and dried to form a writing surface; papyrus sheets could be glued or sewn together to form a scroll or codex.parallelismThe "thought rhyme" typical of ancient Hebrew and Jewish poetry, of which one main form is the pairing of similar ideas or images, rather than similar-sounding words.parchmentWriting material prepared from animal skins, which could be used to provide more durable manuscripts than those made from papyrus; parchment sheets were attached to form a scroll or codex.pseudepigrapha(1) Falsely attributed, pseudonymous writings; (2) a collection of noncanonical ancient Jewish and Jewish-Christian writings from ca. 200 BCE to 200 CE that purport to originate with a biblical character.rabbinicReferring to Jewish teachers (rabbis), especially the era of Jewish teachers following the destruction of the second temple in 70 CE ("rabbinic Judaism").Scripture(s)From the Latin scriptura, "writings"; sacred writings, especially those of Judaism and Christianity.scrollA roll of papyrus sheets glued together, or of parchment sewn together, to form a roll containing written texts.Second TestamentAn alternate name for the New TestamentSeptuagint (LXX)Traditional name for the most influential Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures, which probably began at Alexandria in Egypt in the third century BCE and was used by both Jews and Christians.TanakReferring to the Jewish Scriptures, an acronym formed from the first Hebrew letter of each of its three divisions (Torah, Nevi'im, Ketuvim).testamentFrom a Latin word (testamentum) that can mean "covenant," referring to the two divisions (Old Testament, New Testament) of the Christian Bible.Torah(1) Hebrew for "tradition" or "instruction"; (2) when capitalized, the Jewish designation for the first five books of the Bible, Genesis-Deuteronomy, the first division of Tanak; (3) sometimes translated as "law/the Law."VulgateThe Latin translation of the Bible prepared in the late fourth and early fifth centuries, most of which was the work of Jerome of Bethlehem (d. 420 CE), and which became the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church.WritingsDesignated Ketuvim in Hebrew, the third division of Tanak, including Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and (1-2) Chronicles.