Western Civ Practice Exam 1
Terms in this set (50)
Alexander's conquest of Persepolis was important because it________.
meant the collapse of the Persian Empire
Who is the main hero of the Iliad?
What was the achievement of Greek science?
Greek scientists worked to develop general principles to explain natural phenomena.
What was the connection between the emergence of metallurgy and long-distance trade in Europe in the Neolithic period?
The desire for metal objects drove expanding trade networks.
What was the status of women in Judaism?
they were not considered fit for public worship
When the redistributive economy of Mesopotamia became partially "privatized," which of these groups became more important?
Which of these was a key characteristic of classical Greek sculpture?
What was the Jewish response to Hellenism?
The Jews in Palestine led by the Maccabees launched a war of liberation against the Seleucid kings.
What were the two social hierarchies typical of the International Bronze Age?
palace dependents and free peoples
Unlike earlier Mesopotamian empires, the Neo-Assyrian Empire extended to include ________.
Which of these brought together Mesopotamia and Egypt?
the Neo-Assyrian Empire
The Egyptian term ma'at referred to a divinely ordained________.
The image of Ptolemy VI illustrates what aspect of Hellenistic culture?
adoption of local ruling customs
Domestication of wild animals first began roughly _______ B.C.E.
Who was Pytheas of Marseilles?
a Hellenistic explorer who reported the midnight sun and polar ice
Which pharaoh introduced monotheism during the New Kingdom?
The most famous and most cosmopolitan Hellenistic city was________
Alexandria in Egypt
Compared to Athens, political power in Sparta ________.
was in fewer hands
Which statement best describes tyrants in the poleis?
Tyrants were usually aristocrats who were widely supported by hoplites and the poor.
The first empire was created by _______.
Where did the Ptolemaic dynasty rule primarily?
wrote a famous geometry textbook
Çatal Hüyük is found in _______.
Looking at Map 1.4, "Kingdoms and Empires in Southwest Asia," which of these was the most likely advantage of the Canaanite and Syrian cities?
their position between two large states
After Philip II defeated the Greek city-states, he sought to conquer________.
The Indo-European peoples are identified by their ________.
The Kassites ________.
unified Babylonia after 1400 B.C.E.
Gift exchange was an important element of ________ in the International Bronze Age.
How did the Persians treat conquered peoples?
leniently, as the Persians allowed conquered peoples to return to their homelands and worship their own gods
The Pentateuch is an example of ________.
the restructuring of Hebrew culture during the Babylonian Exile
The panhellenic games________.
helped foster a common culture among the Greeks
Which of these was a natural advantage of Crete in the context of the International Bronze Age?
its mineral resources
The Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations can be said to have been ________the world of the International Bronze Age.
on the edge of
Satrapies were used by Persian great kings to overcome what problem?
the enormous size of their empire
The habiru were probably ________.
a product of the chaos that caused the end of palace systems
What was Koine?
the version of Greek spoken throughout the Hellenistic world
Matriarchal societies are dominated by ________.
Hatshepsut was unusual for an Egyptian ruler because she _______
was a woman
Egyptian encounters with other civilizations during the Old and Middle Kingdoms ________
were frequently linked to Egypt's desire to increase trade
Which of these historical patterns was illustrated by the establishment of Tell el-Amarna?
Divine kingship relies on popular support.
Who was Diogenes?
one of the most famous Cynics
Which of these was a focus of the work of Plato and Aristotle?
The Hallstatt culture was ________.
Who was Gilgamesh?
a legendary king of Uruk
What was Zoroastrianism?
Persia's monotheistic religion
How did Alexander rule Persia?
He adopted the Persian method of ruling as a Great King
Considering Map 2.2, "Southwest Asia in the Iron Age," which one of these patterns is illustrated by this map?
the emergence of larger and larger areas in Southwest Asia
Which of these patterns is illustrated by both Abu Simbel and the Great Pyramids?
the connection between strong royal power and monumental building
The Hittites played an important role in Greek culture because they ________.
introduced Mesopotamian culture to the Greek world
According to the Bible, after Solomon's death, _______.
the Hebrew kingdom broke up into two parts