65 terms

Chapter 8 Skin Diseases and Disorders

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A crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis layer of the skin is a:
fissure
Which of the following skin disorders is commonly called liver spots?
chloasma
An open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth, is a(n)
ulcer
A flat spot or discoloration of the skin such as a freckle is a
macule
Cicatrix is another name for a(n)
scar
Telangiectasias are defined as
distended or dilated surface blood vessels
Which leave-on acne treatment not only helps to shed cellular debris, but also kills the acne bacteria?
benzoyl peroxide
An allergic reaction created by repeated exposure to a chemical or substance is
sensitization
Propionibacterium acnes are anaerobic, which means they cannot survive in the presence of:
oxygen
A closed comedo is known as a
whitehead
A contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions is
impetigo
Genetic aging, gravity, and facial expressions are examples of which aging factor?
intrinsic
When the sebum of a comedo is exposed, it oxidizes, producing
blackheads
The absence of melanin pigment in the body and skin is know as:
albinism
Which skin disease is caused by the skin cells turning over faster than normal?
psoriasis
The recurring viral infection characterized by cold sores is:
herpes simplex
A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue is a:
keloid
An abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular or irregular shape is a:
stain
The sun is the number one factor in premature aging, causing what percentage of aging?
80 to 85
The best skin defense against pollutants is:
skin-care routine
The UV rays of the sun reach the skin in two different forms, as:
UVA and UVB rays
Poison ivy and poison oak produce
vesicles
Which of the following can produce a wheal?
nettle sting
urticaria
insect bite
Benign, keratin-filled cysts that appear under the epidermis and have no visible opening are:
milia
A physician who specializes in diseases and disorders of the skin, hair, and nails is a(n)
dermatologist
The term used to describe a mark on the skin is
lesion
Which of the following is a primary lesion frequently seen in cases of severe acne?
cyst
The shorter rays of the sun that stop penetration at the base of the epidermis are:
UVB rays
A solid bump larger than 1 centimeter that can be easily felt is called a:
nodule
An inflammatory condition of the skin is called:
dermatitis
A verruca is also known as a
wart
Acne is a disorder affected by two major factors:
heredity and hormones
An abnormal, rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin is a(n)
tubercle
Squamous cell carcinoma is characterized by
scaly red papules or nodules
Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin condition characterized by
red, flaky skin
The hereditary tendency for acne-prone skin to retain dead cells in the follicle is:
retention hyperkeratosis
Hair follicles filled with sebum and keratin that appear most frequently on the T-zone of the face are:
comedones
Black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture characterize
malignant melanoma
A superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as a callus is a:
keratoma
The scab on a sore is an example of a(n)
crust
Using the American Cancer Society Cancer Checklist, D stands for:
diameter
Piles of material on the skin surface or depressions in the skin surface characterize:
secondary skin lesions
Miliaria rubra is an inflammation of the sweat glands and also known as:
prickly heat
The inflammatory condition characterized by moderate to severe inflammation, scaling, and sometimes severe itching is:
eczema
A deficiency in perspiration is:
anhidrosis
A chronic condition characterized by redness on the cheeks and nose is:
rosacea
Lesions that are a different color than the color of the skin are which type?
primary
A product that has been designed and proven not to clog the follicles is labeled
non-comedogenic
Peak hours of the day, when UV exposure is highest are usually between:
10 a.m. and 3 p.m.
Which of the following is an example of a secondary skin lesion?
keloid
Unstable molecules that cause biochemical aging are called
free radicals
Another name for a nevus is a
birthmark
An inflammation of the skin caused by having contact with certain chemicals or substances is:
contact dermatitis
Which rays of the sun are known as aging rays
UVA rays
Foul-smelling perspiration caused by bacteria is:
bromhidrosis
To prevent premature skin aging make daily use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least:
15
Common places for allergic contact dermatitis on a client include all of the following except:
fingers
When irritating substances temporarily damage the epidermis, the result is:
irritant contact dermatitis
A raised bump that is often red due to inflammation and sore due to the pressure of a swelling is a:
papule
A condition characterized by darker than normal pigmentation appearing as dark splotches, is:
hyperpigmentation
Which of the following is a common, extremely contagious bacterial infection of the eye
conjunctivits
An abnormal mass varying in size, shape, and color is a:
tumor
Acne is a skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of:
sebaceous glands
The most common and least severe type of skin cancer is:
basal cell carcinoma
Which of the following is a hereditary condition that causes hypopigmented spots on the skin?
vitiligo