44 terms


The Mughal ruler who constructed the Taj Mahal was
Shah Jahan
The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires were all
The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires all originally came from
nomadic, Turkish-speaking tribes.
The founder of the Ottoman dynasty was
Osman Bey.
The word ghazi refers to
Muslim religious warriors.
What did the poet Ahmadi indicate was "the instrument of the religion of Allah"?
Which of the following empires was inspired by its status as an Islamic outpost on the border of the Christian world?
The Ottoman institution that provided Balkan slaves for the formation of the Janissaries was the
The Ottoman ruler who captured Constantinople was
Mehmed II.
The Ottoman ruler Selim the Grim captured
Egypt and Syria
Suleyman the Magnificent won his greatest victory and killed the king of Hungary at the battle of
Khayr al-Din Barbarossa Pasha was
the admiral who carried Ottoman naval power into the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean
The diplomat Ogier Ghislain de Busbecq wrote with both admiration and fear of the
The Islamic leader who converted to Twelver Shiism was
Shah Ismail.
Central to the belief of Twelver Shiism was the idea that
the twelfth infallible imam was still alive and would return to spread his faith.
The Safavids traced their ancestry back to the leader Safi al-Din, who was what religion?
Shah Ismail received the greatest support for his conversion to Twelver Shiism from
the qizilbash.
At the battle of Chaldiran in 1514,
the Ottomans defeated the Safavids
The leader of the Safavid empire at its peak was
Shah Abbas
Zahir al-Din Muhammad's main inspiration for conquering India was
o win fame and conquer territory like his ancestor Chinggis Khan
The founder of the Mughal dynasty, and a descendant of Chinggis Khan and Tamerlane, was
Zahir al-Din Muhammad.
Which of the following rulers displayed the greatest amount of religious toleration?
Akbar's answer to the religious diversity and tension of India was to
create a syncretic religion called the "divine faith" that all could worship.
The Mughal empire reached its greatest geographic extent during the reign of
The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb
reversed the religious toleration of Akbar and began to tax the Hindus.
The Ottomans referred to Suleyman as the "Kanuni" or
The steppe tradition that caused the greatest problem for the Islamic empires
was the bloody competition among heirs to the throne.
Hurrem Sultana was
a concubine who had tremendous influence over Suleyman the Magnificent
ecause of protests from moralists, the Ottoman sultan Murad IV
outlawed coffee and tobacco
In the three hundred years after 1500, the population of India grew from 105 million to
190 million.
To create a favorable environment for trade, Shah Abbas allowed Christian monastic orders to set up missions in what city?
The Christian center of India was
Sikhism was a syncretic combination of
Hinduism and Islam
In the Islamic world, the dhimmi were
non-Muslims who received the status of a protected people.
The jizya was the tax paid by
non-Muslims for being in an Islamic country
The Islamic leader who abolished the jizya was
Suleyman the Magnificent called on Sinan Pasha to
create the religious complex known as the Suleymaniye.
The Ottomans took the Byzantine cathedral Hagia Sofia and
converted it into the mosque of Aya Sofya.
What Islamic city was considered "half the world"?
Fatehpur Sikri was
the capital city that Akbar built.
Shah Jahan was unable to finish the construction of the Taj Mahal because
he was overthrown by his son Aurangzeb
Which of the following factors was not one of the reasons for the decline of the Islamic empires?
a collapse in the centuries-old civil service examination system
Akbar's tolerant religious policies were criticized by the conservative religious leader
Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi.
Piri Reis was responsible for
preparing the Book of Seafaring.