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U.S. HISTORY FINAL (Chapter 22)
Terms in this set (62)
mobilizing the economy to ration, man and woman-power in the work and service force, and Axis taxes
(Essay #1) List three special measures the U.S. took in the home front in preparation for the war.
They missed the aircraft carriers, failed to come back to finish the navy, and united the American nation
(Essay #2) In what three ways was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor a failure?
Russian dictator who began international communism
nationalistic, militaristic, totalitarian mass movement that profited from the discontent spawned by hard times
Italian fascist leader/dictator
German war veteran of WWI who sought to avenge Germany by using RADICAL politics
Mein Kampf means _____ _________.
T/F: Hitler advocated scrapping the League of nations, ridding Germany of democracy, and eliminating all COMMUNISTS and JEWS.
subjugation of Manchuria
Japan's first show of force in the war
With _______________ ______________'s permission, Japan became a military dictatorship.
Japan's military was led by whom?
alliance of dictator states
Soviet Union agricultural reforms
trying to satisfy the dictator by giving in to his stated demands
In March 1936, what demilitarized area did Germany's troops move into?
Germany's series of fortifications along the German bank of the Rhine River from the Swiss border to the North Sea
Hitler dreamed of this union between Austria and Germany
Hitler believed that Germany had a right to annex which predominantly German area in western Czechoslovakia?
claimed that the Allies had achieved "peace of our time"
a synonym for appeasement and defeatism
Nazi-Soviet nonaggression pact
secret treaty between Russia and Germany
September 1, 1939
date that Germans invaded Poland
Germany attacked several places outside of Britain which were: Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Holland, and ______________
Battle of Britain
took place in the skies above England
new inspiring prime minister
Germany's plan to launch attacks on the Soviet Union
isolationist foreign policy, war debt problem, recovery from Great Depression
three reasons the U.S. stayed out of the war in the beginning
Neutrality Act of 1939; cash, transport
The _____________ ________ ___ _______ provided that belligerents could purchase weaponry from the U.S. but only on a _______ basis, and it also stipulated that buyers must _____________ their own weapons in their own ships.
one of America First committee's leading spokesmen
How many terms did Roosevelt serve as president?
Who said, "Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars."
of speech, of worship, from want, from fear
Four Freedoms Roosevelt promised
appropriated $7 billion to provide for the embattled nations (Allies)
America's group of pilots known as the American Volunteer Group
Churchill and Roosevelt drew up this list of common principles such as self-determination, freedom of the seas, and economic cooperation.
oil embargo, freezing Japanese assets
two ways Roosevelt responded to Japanese hunger for territory
commander of all American forces in the Far East
Battle of Midway
critical battle against Japan; turning point of the war in the Pacific
conserving vital goods for the war effort
War Production Board
organization that was supposed to mobilize the people to conserve materials for war production
working woman in the war
"Rosie the Riveter" represented what?
operation that used 850 ships to land troops on west coast of Africa
Dwight D. Eisenhower
led Operation Torch and Operation Overlord
Operation where three thousand ships and landing craft carried troops and equipment to Sicily
June 6, 1944
date of D-Day
Operation Overlord; Normandy
________________ _______________ was the American invasion in _______________, France where the Allied Expeditionary Force formed a beachhead and surprised the Germans, coming out with a victory
Battle of the Bulge
thrust of Nazi spearhead against weakest point fifty miles deep into Allied lines
tactic that American forces used in moving to Tokyo
Battle of Leyte Gulf
largest sea battle in history and a critical blow to Japanese naval and air forces
place of toughest costliest battle for U.S. Marines
bloodiest single campaign in the Pacific
Black Sea resort where the Big Three met
vice president who became President after Roosevelt died of a hemorrage
Nazi massacre of millions of people
new meeting place for Big Three where they agreed to demand for Japan's unconditional surrender
deadliest secret weapon U.S. created
where first atomic bomb was dropped
where the second atomic bomb was dropped
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