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chapter 5 driving quiz
Terms in this set (36)
Construction Zones: Motorists should do the following.....
Stay alert-full attention on the road
Pay close attention: signs and work zone flaggers
Turn on headlights: make sure workers and other motorists can see you
Don't speed: be aware of the posted speed limits around the work zone
Expect the unexpected
Hills, Bridges, and other Road Hazards
Construction Zones/Work Zones
A motorist should consider the following factors when driving at night:
Reaction distance (distance traveled before hitting the brake)
Braking distance (distance needed to completely stop the vehicle)
At night, a motorist's vision is reduced.
To drive safely at night, slow down and drive within the range of the vehicle's headlights.
Frost or ice
Poor roadway or weather conditions require motorists to increase following distance because rough, wet or snow-covered roads may require more response time.
A good rule on snow-covered roads is to maintain a following distance of six seconds or more.
Snow and Ice:
When driving in these conditions, a motorist should take precautions such as applying the brakes gently and driving slowly.
*****A vehicle will skid if a motorist does the following:
1. Accelerates too quickly.
2. Turns too fast.
3. Brakes improperly.
New Jersey law states that a motorist is responsible for any ice that flies from his/her vehicle and causes death, injury, or property damage.
Winter Driving: higher chance of an accident based on the following factors:
-Longer hours of darkness
****Before driving in cold weather, start the engine of your vehicle and let the vehicle warm up before driving on the roadways.
Do not drive on bald or badly worn tires, and slow down when heavy rain, standing water or slush is present.
In a heavy rainstorm, try to drive on the highest point of the road.
Wet road surfaces can cause tires to hydroplane, or ride up on a film of water, starting at about 35 MPH, which could cause a motorist to lose control of his/her vehicle.
Chances of hydroplaning increase as speeds increase. After 55 MPH, tires may totally leave the road surface.
Road surfaces are the most slippery during the first few minutes of a rainfall. When driving through a water puddle, a motorist should test the brakes by pumping them.
Speed should be decreased when passing through water puddles, especially those deeper than the tread of a tire.
Drive more slowly on wet roads. Stopping and turning should be completed with great care.
***The Three-Seconds-Plus rule should be increased to four or more seconds. Quick turns and changes in speed may cause a vehicle to skid.
Changing Lanes and Passing:
Using proper lane change is an important part of defensive driving.
Before passing, make to consider the following:
1. Only pass or change lanes if it can be completed without speeding.
2. Only pass or change lanes when necessary.
3. Keep a safe following distance; do not tailgate.
4. Check traffic ahead and behind.
5. Only pass when signs and pavement markings permit.
6. Signal every lane change.
7. Signal your return to the right lane.
8. Return to the right lane when well ahead of the vehicle that was passed. (A good indication that it is safe to return to the right lane is when the vehicle that was passed is visible in the rearview mirror.)
9. Cancel turn signal
The motorist should alway know the condition of his/her vehicle's brakes. Make sure of the distance it might take to stop. This is very important on wet roads where there is snow or ice. A motorist should always increase following distance with poor road conditions.
(See manual for chart on page 85)
Stopping Distance = Perception Distance + Reaction Distance + Braking Distance
One Car Length:
Rule for following distance: Keep one car length back (about 20 feet) for each 10 miles per hour of speed.
At high speeds on in bad weather, following distances should be increased.
Keep a Safe Distance/Do Not Tailgate
A motorist should always keep a safe distance from other vehicles on the road so that he/she has plenty of time to react to emergencies.
Tailgating refers to following too closely behind a vehicle directly in front (common cause of accidents).
Tailgating can cause a series of rear-end collisions when many vehicles are too close together.
Communicating and Driving
Communicate with other motorists by all available means and signals. A motorist should always stay in the lane that shows where he/she intends to turn. Turn signals (hand signals) allow a motorist to tell other motorists what he/she is going to do.
Another good method is catching a motorists' eyes-it may be necessary to tap the horn to warn other motorists.
At night, a quick flip of the headlights from low to high and back to low might be helpful.
Motorists who are:
Driving long distances without rest breaks
Driving through the night or at other times when they are normally a sleep
Taking medicine that increases sleepiness, or drinking alcohol
Driving on long, rural, boring roads
A trance-like state may be avoided by not looking at any one thing for more than a few seconds. It is recommended that a motorist rest every two hours and/or share he driving with another licensed motorist.
Enacted in June 2003
Makes it illegal to knowingly drive a vehicle while impaired by lack of sleep. This law establishes driving while fatigued as recklessness under the vehicular homicide statute.
Tired Driving/Highway Hypnosis
A tired driver is a dangerous driver.
1. Cannot drive well
2. Reaction time is reduced
3. May get upset more easily
4. Fall a sleep behind the wheel
Lighting a cigarette
Trying to fasten a safety belt when driving
Reaching across the seat to close a door or look in the glove compartment
Reaching for coins in pockets while driving up to a toll booth
Trying to adjust a wristwatch
Watching children or pets in the vehicle
Trying to remove a coat
Reading maps and newspapers
Eating while driving
Adjusting a cellular phone or any other eletronic device
Adjusting the radio or CD player
Using a laptop computer or fax machine
Occurs when motorists lose their tempers or become frustrated because of a traffic disturbance.
These motorists may:
1. run stop signs and red lights
4. weave through traffic
5.pass illegally on the right
6. make improper and unsafe lane changes
7. make hand or facial gestures
9. honk horns
10. flash high beams.
Aggressive Driving/Road Rage:
Defined as a progression of unlawful driving actions, such as speeding, improper or excessive lane changing, or improper passing.
Emotions can have a great affect on a motorist's driving.
Aggressive drivers fail to consider how their actions behind the wheel may affect other motorists on the road.
Aggressive driving can lead to Road Rage
Prevent a Collision
Most collisions are caused by motorist error
Standard Prevention Formula:
1. Be Alert: never think the other motorist will not make a driving mistake.
2. Be Prepared: Learn what to do in any situation when you have to act fast, and always expect the unexpected.
3. Act in time: Try not to panic. Know what to do if something happens suddenly.
Low-beams headlights light roadway
350ft, Use low beams when driving in heavy fog or rain
High beam headlights light roadway
When 50 mph on wet surface you should be
10 car lengths away from car in front of you
20 mph on snow should be
six car lengths
When skidding in snow
take your foot off the gas pedal
When you have a flat tire hold wheel
firmley remove foot from gas pedal and let vehivle coast to a stop
Studded tires from
november 15-april 1 can be legally used
After driving through a puddle you should
test your brakes
To avoid a spin, the motorist should turn in the direction the rear of the vehicle is skidding, without over steering.
During a skid, avoid using the brakes.
Sudden turns, lane changes, or hard braking can throw a vehicle into a skid.
A motorist should handle a skid in both front-wheel and rear-wheel drive vehicles in the same way.
***If the rear of the vehicle starts to slide, a motorist should take his/her foot off the gas pedal.
Emergency Stops: If an emergency stop is necessary, the motorist should always keep several basic points in mind...
On a highway with paved shoulders, signal and turn onto the shoulder at or near traffic speed.
Then, begin to slow down.
Where the shoulder is unpaved, signal a turn and slow down to a safe speed before turning off.
Once the vehicle is pulled to the shoulder, turn on the parking lights or emergency warning lights.
Permits the key removal only when the vehicle's transmission is in the Park Position.
The basic rule the motorist must follow when operating a vehicle with a steering wheel ignition system is to never turn the ignition to the lock position while the vehicle is in motion.
The steering wheel will lock as the vehicle turns, and the motorist will lose control of the vehicle.
Running of the Pavement:
If a vehicle's wheels drift onto the shoulder of the road, do not try to turn back onto the pavement right away. ***This might throw the vehicle off balance.
Instead a motorist should stay on the shoulder of the road and and ease up on the gas pedal. After the vehicle has slowed down to 25 MPH or less, the motorist may turn back onto the road by turning the steering wheel one-quarter turn toward the roadway.
If a vehicle runs off the payment, the motorist should.....
Turn slowly onto the road
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Drivers Ed Study Guide Part 3
Driver's ed chapter 3
DRIVERS EXAM STUDY FINAL
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