Coach Wasson Exam
Terms in this set (77)
What caused Great Britain and France to enter WW2
Germany invaded Poland.
When did Germany first use blitzkrieg?
when they attacked Poland.
Who went on the Bataan death march and why?
Allied prisoners who Japanese thought were dishonorable of surrendering
What happened on D-Day?
On 6 June 1944, D-Day, Allied troops landed on the coast of France. It was the start of the campaign to liberate Europe and defeat Germany.
What group was tried at Nuremberg and why?
The Nazi party
How did the Bay of Pigs failure lead to the Cuban Missile crisis?
Khrushchev believe the United States was too weak to oppose the Soviet Union expansion in Cuba.
What was the Bay of Pigs?
CIA operation to overthrow Fidel Castro by landing 1200 disgruntled Cuban exiles in the Bay of Pigs. Fails miserably and is a huge embarrassment for Kennedy, who then vows to bring down Castro. Forces Cuba ever further into the arms of the USSR.
What as the Cuban Missile Crisis and who were the people involved?
Fearing that the U.S. would attempt another invasion, Castro quickly complied with a Soviet request to be allowed to construct nuclear missile sites in Cuba. The resulting crisis brought the world to the brink of nuclear war in 1962.
What is the policy glorifying war and keeping and army prepared
Who led Germany during WW1?
Understand the Schlieffen plan.
1. Attack France
2. Leave troops in Paris
3. Quickly attack Russia
*This plan needed speed!
Understand the 14 points plan, who prepared it and why?
The main purpose of the Fourteen Points was to outline a strategy for ending the war. He set out specific goals that he wanted to achieve through the war. If the United States was going to fight in Europe and soldiers were going to lose their lives, he wanted to establish exactly what they were fighting for. Through this speech and the Fourteen Points, Wilson became the only leader of the countries fighting in the war to publicly outline his war goals.
Understand unrestricted submarine warfare
With so many US arms sneaking across the Atlantic to Allied powers, Germany eventually declared Unrestricted Submarine Warfare because they couldn't distinguish certainly enough from merchant and armed vessels. This plan, of course drew the US into war.
What event in Sarajevo ignited WW1?
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie.
Significance in the allied victory at the Battle of Marne
It resulted in Germany's having to fight on two fronts.
what was meant by the statement WW1 was a total war?
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort.
What did rationing accomplish ?
Americans limited the amounts of certain goods they consumed. This ensured that items like rubber and oil found there way into the war effort.
Understand propaganda and it effectiveness
To influence the public opinion
Understand Zimmerman letter, its purpose and effect
germany sent to mexico to convince it to attack US to regain TX and AZ
What were the programs
Who were the Bolsheviks and what did they do?
(Red) led by Lenin. They believed in an elite group of people who dedicated their lives to the revolution should occur immediately and this elite group would govern until Proletariat were ready to take over. the revolution that ended the leadership of the Provisional government and put the Bolsheviks in power
What event marked the beginning of the depression
The stock marked and economy collapsed
Who was II Duce
Why did Japan invade Manchuria?
1. Manchuria had lots of raw materials Japan lacked, for example coal and iron ore.
2. China was weak and divided into numerous mini kingdoms.
3. It already had an army in southern Manchuria and owned the South Manchurian Railway.
4. China agreed to be in Japan's sphere of influence
What book did hitler write and what does the title mean?
Mein Kampf; Hitler's book, written in 1924 while he was in prison. It means "My Struggle
What is the "Day that will live in infamy"
Attack on Pearl Harbor
What was significant about the Battle of Midway
Am's had broken the Jap. code; a great victory for the Allies and a devastating blow for Japan
What was the final German Offensive.
Where were the atomic bombs dropped and when.
Who did the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact with?
Be able to identify Auschwitz
Understand Kistallnacht. What when and why?
Understand the Kamikaze pilots and their goals
Why were Japanese people put in internment camps during WW2
Where did flight 93 land and why?
Where was JFK shot and by whom?
Lee Harvey Oswald; Dallas, texas; JFK was brutally shot in the back of the head. He died on impact of the bullet as his brain was dismembered by the bullet.
What was turnaround tuesday
The marchers knelt to pray and sing at the bridge but then turned around and left the bridge without crossing it
How many people died at Woodstock and how?
2; one of drug dose and one was sleeping in a bag under a tractor
Where did the planes crash on 9-11
American Airlines Flight 11-WTC ( World Trade Center) North Tower; United Airlines Flight 175-WTC ( World Trade Center) South Tower; American Airlines Flight 77- The Pentagon in Washington, DC; United Airline Flight 93- Crashed into a field in Pennsylvania after passengers fought with the hijackers. Most think the target was the Capitol or the White House
What bridge did the Selma- Montgomery marchers cross?
Edmund Pettus Bridge.
How many students died at Kent State?
When did Neil Armstrong first step on the moon
July 20, 1969
Understand the Freedom riders?
Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation.
What action began the Civil Rights Movement/
1. Murder of Emmett Till
2. Rosa Parks movement
3. De Jure Segregation
4. De Facto Segregation
5. Brown v. Board of Education
1st man to step foot on the moon
first woman in space
Jimmy Lee Jackson:
killed in march; began the Selma to Montgomery march.
lead mass suicide of 909 people by drinking poisoned kool aid (Johnston Massacre)
Linda Brown's lawyer; First African American to serve on the Supreme Court
killed to start the Johnston Massace
shot and killed Robert Kennedy
white minister; killed after selma march
Lee Harvey Oswald
shot and killed JFK in Dallas, Texas
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945
Arthur Neville Chamberlain, PC, FRS was a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was an American politician and Army general who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961.
Harry S. Truman was an American politician who served as the 33rd President of the United States, assuming that office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt during the waning months of World War II.
a politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the cold war
a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist; Bolsheviks
An american convicted of being and accomplice in the Oklahoma City bombings
an officer of the British Army who, as a temporary brigadier general, was responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in Amritsar
Douglas MacArthur was an American five-star general and field marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
first thing said on the moon; "That's one small step for man. One huge step for mankind.'
Empress of Russia
lead Nazi Germany to WW2
Ruled Communist Party of Russia from 1922-1953. Famous for his purges; cruel, tyrannical and evil
American commander of 7th army; slapped a soldier; Germany fears him (tank forces)
"Desert Fox"; leader of Afrika Korps
35th president; assasinated novermber 22, in Dallas, Texas
Leader of Cuba; a part of Missle Crisis
mysterious 'Holy man" influenced Czarina Alexandra
Last Romanov emperor of Russia