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38 terms

Arts and Humanities Final

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Mezzo piano
medium soft
Harmony
Element of music that supports the melody
Form
Element of music that means the structure of music
Timbre
Element of music that means the unique sound of an instrument
Melody
Element of music that means a satisfying sequence of notes; what gets stuck in your head
Dynamics
Element of music that refers to the loudness and softness of music
Minor Key
Music that sounds "sad" or "dark"
Tempo
Element of music that refers to the speed of music
Prestissimo
Tempo marking that means "as fast as possible"
Rhythm
Element of music that is a combination of notes and rests and creates the "beat" of a song
Marie Taglioni
Considered the first ballerina to go on her toes or "en pointe"
Actions
Element of dance that refers to actual moves
Anna Pavlova
Ballerina who helped spread ballet to all parts of the world
En Pointe
To go on your toes in dance
Space
Element of dance that refers to the area used
King Louis XIV
French monarch that started the world's first dance school
Communal dance
Type of social dance that prefers cooperation over competition
Capoeira
Brazilian martial art disguised as dance
Courtship dance
Type of social dance that involves finding a mate or partner
Artistic
A purpose of why people dance that includes ballet and musical theater
Secular music
Renaissance music intended for non-religious purposes
Deprez and Palestrina
Renaissance composers
Lute
Famous Renaissance string instrument
Embellish
What Baroque performers would do to melodies
Oddly shaped pearl
Translation of Baroque
Form and Order
Main characteristics of Classical music
Mozart
Classical composer who died at a young age
Haydn
Composer most known for writing symphonies
Requiem
Mass for the dead or a funeral
Beethoven
Bridge between the Classical and Romantic period
Industrial Revolution
Worldwide event that improved the process of making instruments
Atonal music
Music with no tonal center
12-tone music
Type of atonal music that uses all notes of the chromatic scale
Debussy
20th century composer who wrote in the Impressionist style
Neo-classicism
20th century devleopment that returned to qualities of a previous time period
Blues
Origin of jazz music
Improvisation
Making up music as you go; defining characteristic of jazz
Latin jazz
Style of jazz that combined Cuban, African, and Spanish music qualities.