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57 terms

Blood, Lymph, Immune System 9

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Von Willebrand Factor
Abnormal sticky protein that lines the blood vessels causing clot formation
Systemic Lupus Eryhematosus
Disorder associated with a "butterfly rash" on the nose and cheeks. This butterfly rash appears in about 50% of people
Aplastic Anemia
Caused by bone marrow failure
Hemophiliah
Herditary disorder that involves impairment of the blood-clotting mechanism. Also called bleeders disease.
Sensitization

initial exposure to an allergen
Initial exposure to an allergen.
Petechiae
Pinpoint hemmorrhages that appear on the lower leg, usually associated with decreased platelets.
Hepatomegaly(enlargement of the liver and Splenomegaly(enlargement of the spleen)
Complications of infectious mononucleosis.
Pruritis
Extreme itching.
Hypoproteinemia
Major cause of edema.
Hematoma
Mass of extravasated, usually clotted blood found in tissues or organs
Exacerbation
Flare up of an autoimmune disease
Splenitis
Inflammation of the spleen
Sickle Cell Anemia
Type of anemia that involves severe pain caused by crescent-shaped RBCs that are unable to pass through blood vessels
Anaphyylaxis
Life-threatening allergic reaction
Anemia
Condition where the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood is deficient
Antinuclear Antibody
Lab test that identifies antibodies that attack the individual's own body cells
Immunocompetent
the ability to develop an immune response
Thymectomy
Excision of the thymus
Adenopathy
Disease of a gland
Multiple Myeloma
Malignant tumor of plasma cells in bone marrow
Blood Culture
Determines the presence of pathogens in the blood
Bone Marrow MRI
Sensitive imaging procedure that detects abnormalities in bone marrow, especially in multiple myeloma
Partial Thromboplastin Time
used to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors, also called pro time
Phlebotomy
Incision of a vein
Homologous
Type of bone marrow transplant that is prepared from a compatible donor
Immunotherapy
Form of treatment that alters or enhances the body's natural immune mechanisms to treat diseases
Prothrombin Time
Measures the time it takes for plasma to form a clot
Autologous
Type of transplant that is prepared from the recipient's own bone marrow
Bone Marrow Aspiration
used to identify blood disorders such as leukemia
Radical Lymphadenectomy
Used to identify blood disorders such as leukemia
Poikil/o
Varied; irregualr
Sider/o
Iron
Blast/o
Embryonic cell
Xen/o
Foreign, strange
Neutr/o
Neutral, neither
-Phylaxis
Protection
-Phil
Attraction for
-Penia
Decrease, deficiency
-Phoresis
Carrying, transmission
EBV
Epstein-Barr virus, also associated with Mono
MNL
Mononuclear leukocytes
SLE
Systemic lupus erythematosus
PT
Prothrmbin time, physical therapy
Thrombolytics
Drugs that dissolve blood clots
Antimicrobials
Prophylactic treatment in HIV patients to prevent development of Pneumocystitis pneumonia
Antifibrinolytics
Drugs used to treat patients with hemophilia following certain surgeries and dental procedures
Antivirals
Drugs used to treat HIV infection by preventing the replication of viruses
Sentinel Node
Node that first receiver drainage from a cancer-containing area
Cytokines
Chemical messengers that initiate, inhibit, increase, or decrease activity in other cells
Bone Marrow Aspiration
Removal of a small sample of bone marrow using a thin aspirating needle (usually from the pelvis) for microscopic examination
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin, brain, kidneys, and joints and causes chronic inflammation; also called discoid lupus if symptoms are limited to the skin.
Hematoma
Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel
-Stasis
Standing still
Splen/o
Spleen
Immun/o
Immune, immunity, safe
Aden/o
Gland
Immune
The ability to fight infection in our bodies