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60 terms

apush ch. 34-35

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London economic conference
International economic conference on stabilizing currency that was sabotaged by FDR
Phillipines
Nation to which the U.S promised independence in the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934
Good neighbor policy
FDR's repudiation og theodore Roosevelt's Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, stating his intention to work cooperatlively with Latin American nations
Neutrality Acts
A series of laws enacted by confress in the mid-1930's that attempted to prevent any American involvement in future oversea wars
Spanish Civil War
Conflict between the rebel Fascist forces of General Francisco Franco and the Loyalist government that severly tested U.S. neutrality legistlation
Quarantine Speech
Roosevelt's 1937 speech that proposed strong U.S. measures agaainst overseas aggressors
Munich Conferene
European diplomatic conference in 1938 where Britain and France conceded to Hitler's demands for Czechoslovakia
Appeasement
term for British-French policy of attempting to prevent war by granting German demands
Committee to Defend America
leading U.S. group advocating American support for Britain in the fight against Hitler
America First
Leading isolationist group advocating that America focus on continental defense and non-involvment with the European war
Lend-Lease
Controvesial 1941 law that made America the "arsenal of democracy" by providing supposedly temporary military material assistance to Britain
Soviet Union
Communist nation invaded by Hitler in June 1941 that was also aided by America lend-lease
Atlantic Charter
U.S.-British agreement of August 1941 to promote democracy and establish a new international organization for peace
Reuben James
U.S. destroyer sunk by German submarines off the coast of Iceland in October 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men
Pearl Harbor
Major American Pacific naval base devastated in a suprise attack in December 1941
Cordell Hull
FDR's secretary of state, who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America
Adolf Hitler
Fanatical Fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the U.S. to abandon its neutrality
Benito Mussolini
The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis who invaded Ethipoia and joined the war against France and Britain
Gerald Nye
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated WWI munitions manufacacturers as "merchants of death"
Francisco Franco
fascist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government
Ethiopia
African nation ivaded by an Italian dictator in 1935
France
Nation whose sudden fall to Hitler in 1940 pushed the U.S closer to direct aid to Britain
Charles A. Lindbergh
Leader of "america first" organization and chief spokesman for U.S. isolationism
Wendell Willkie
Dynamic dark horse republican nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy
Winston Churchill
Corageous prime minister who led Britain's lonely resistance to Hitler
Joseph Stalin
Russian dictator who first helped Hitler destroy Poland before becoming a nictim of Nazi aggression in 1941
Hawaii
site of a naval base where Japan launched a devastating suprise attack on the U.S.
Iceland
North Atlantic nation near whose waters U.S. destroyers came under Nazi submarine attack
Czechoslovakia
Small East European democracy betrayed into Hitler's hands at Munich
Poland
East European nation whose september 1939 invasion by Hitler set off WWII in Europe
Jews
A U.S. minority that were forced into concentration camps during WWII
WPB
a federal agency that coordinated U.S. industry and successfully mobilized the economy to producce vast quantities of military supplies
WAAC and WAVES
women's units of the army and navy during WWII
Bracero's
Mecican American workers brought into the U.S. to provide an agricultural labor supply
Rosie the Riveter
Symbolic personification of femal laborers who took factory jobs in order to sustain U.S. production during WWII
FEPC
The federal agency What was the federal agency established to guarantee opportunities for African American employment in World War II industries
Phillipines
U.s. owned pacific archipelago seized by japan in the early months of WWII
Battle of Midway
Crucial naval battle of june 1942 in which us admiral chester nimitz blocked the japanese attempt to conquer a strategic island near hawaii
"unconditional Surrender"
Controversial U.S.-British demand on Germany and Japan that substituted for a "second front"
Casablanca
Site of 1943 conference in North Africa, at which the Big Two planned the invasion of Italy and further steps in the Pacific War
Tehran
Iranian capital where Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met to plan D-Day in coordination with Russian stategy against Hitler in the East
Normandy
The beginning of Allied invasion of France in June 1944
The Battle of Bulge
The December 1944 German offensive that marked hitler's last chance to stop the allied advance
Manchuria and Korea
The last two heavily defended Japanese islands conquered by the U.S in 1945
Atomic Bomb
The devastating new weapon used by the U.S agaisnt Japan in August 1945
Henry Kaiser
Leading American inustrialist and shipbuilder during WWII
John Lewis
Allied leader who met with FDR to plan strategy at Casablanca and Teheran
A. Phillip Randolph
Head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters whose threatened march on Washington opened job opportunities for blacks during WWII
Detroit
Site of a serious racial disturbance during WWII
Chiang Kai-Shek
U.S. ally who resisted Hapanese advances in China during WWII
Douglas McArthur
Commander of the U.S. Army in the Pacific during WWII, who fulfilled his promise to return to the Philipines
Chester W. Nimitz
Commander of the U.S. naval forces in the Pacific and brillian strategist of the "island hopping campaign"
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Commander of the allied mititary assault against Hitler in North Africa and France
Winston Churchill
Tough head of the United Mine Workers, whose work stoppages precipitated anit-strike laws
Joseph Stalin
The Allied leader who constantly pressured the U,S and Britain to open a "second front" against Hitler
Thomas Dewey
Republican presidential nominee in 1944 who failed in his effort to deny FDR a fourth term
Henry Wallace
FDR's liberal vice president during most of WWII, dumped from the ticket in 1944
Harry S. Truman
Inconspicuous former senator from Missour who was suddenly catapulted to national and world leadership on April 12, 1945
Albert Einstein
German-born fhysicist who helped persuade Roosevelt to develop the atomic bomb
Hirohito
Japanes emperor who was allowed to stay on hist throne, despite unconditional surrender policy