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Biology I chapter 20 study guide
Terms in this set (30)
What are the simplest forms of plants?
In what process do plants produce their own food?
What cellular component do plants use to capture the energy of the sunlight during photosynthesis?
Which complex carbohydrate is produced by plants and deposited in cell walls?
List the progression of plants along evolutionary lines from simplest to complex.
Charaphyceas>mosses>ferns>cone-bearing plants>flowering plants
What is essential to all plant life?
What are plant surfaces covered with to preserve moisture?
What type of system do plants have that allows them to grow taller while still getting water and nutrients?
What characteristic does lignin give to plants allowing them to grow up towards the sun?
What are the two main ways that pollen is transported to the female reproductive structures of a flower?
What are the two functions of animals or insects is assisting plants in reproduction?
Provide pollination and consume/disperse seeds
How many different plant species have scientists identified and described in the kingdom Plantae?
List four types of plants that make up the plant kingdom?
Mosses, ferns, cone-bearing plants, flowering plants
Which type of plant can grow in very harsh environments that other plants are unable to grow in?
What do ferns rely on for reproductions? And what do they lack?
Water; true roots
What do cone-bearing plants produce as their reproductive structure?
What do flowering plants produce that contains the seeds of the plant?
What is the scientific definition of a fruit?
Mature ovary of a flower
List the three main advantages of seed-bearing plants over plants that don't bear seeds?
Reproduce without free standing water, survive in a dormant state for months of years, seeds can be carried great distances
What two things do flowering plants produce that attracts pollinating insects and animals to assist in pollinations?
Pollen and nectar
What are the three main ways that flowering plants disperse their seeds into the environment
Fleshy fruit, burrs, and fibers
What are the two basic kinds of seeds?
Monocots and dicots
What are the flowering characteristics of monocots?
Flower parts in multiples of three
What are the flowering characteristics of dicots?
Flower parts in multiples of four or five
What term is given to flowering plants that do not produce woody stems?
List the three categories seed bearing plants are categorized into based on lifespan.
Annuals, biennials, perennials
What basic necessities of survival do plants provide for humans?
Food, shelter, clothing, medicine
What did humans do with plants that possessed desirable traits?
Bred and planted them
What provided humans with a reliable food source that supported rapidly growing populations?
What do plants often possess that have medicinal properties?
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