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Terms in this set (11)
DESCRIBE TWO similarities and ONE difference in the ways in which the Roman and Chinese empires created empire and long periods of relative stability and prosperity.
Controlled and maintained peace by investing in public works - aqueducts, roads, sewers.
Defined themselves in universal terms - China: emperor Son of Heaven and Rome: Gods
Both absorbed foreign religious tradition - Buddhism and Christianity
Difference: Chinese were more forceful when assimilating non chinese people with Legalism and the romans were more gradual, cultural minority compared to chinese heartland
Language different- Rome used alphabetic language which was harder to learn and understand while chinese used symbols and characteristics read by all illiterate people
DESCRIBE THREE similarities OR differences in the factors that contributed to the collapse of the Roman and Chinese empires. You must describe at least one similarity and one difference, and you must describe at least one INTERNAL and one EXTERNAL factor in your response.
Three similarities - too big it overextended which became too expensive to afford everything in the empires
No fundamental technological breakthrough
Wealthy families wouldn't pay taxes so all of it fell onto the poor
Environmental factors - disease
SET OUT the Social Hierarchy of China in the second-wave (classical) era during the Han dynasty. EXPLAIN the reason for the position of TWO classes within that social order.
Social elites favored because in china men were considered the best and wealthy could educate sons
Landowners - owning land meant you were rich and could avoid taxes and had own personal armies
Scholar gentry class - combination of landowners and social elites prestige based on wealth and position in bureaucracy
Peasants - some were prosperous but some could barely survive most peasants were farmers
Merchants- seen as pesky because they benefit off of others and don't do any work for themselves also impoverished others
SET OUT the Social Hierarchy of India in the second-wave (classical) era. EXPLAIN the reason for the position of TWO classes within that social order.
Brahmin -Priests performed rituals
Kshatriya -Warriors fought in battle
Vaisya -Merchants artisans
Untouchables- Polluted labor
DESCRIBE THREE reasons that the Arabs were able to construct such a huge empire so quickly.
great strategy for war and conquest. The arabs started off conquering small surrounding areas but when the time was right they planned the perfect attack on the Byzantine and the Sassanid Empires and that is what got the Arabs off to a great start with building a massive empire.
Tolerance and flexibility that the Arabs had with the other religions. Since Arabs let Christians, Jews, and zoroastrianists practice their religion (with a fee) there was less warfare between the religions.
Expansion created common ground which strengthened the ground in umma
DESCRIBE THREE reasons for the widespread conversion to Islam in the century after Muhammad.
a social conversion stimulated by convenience because as the religion grew more and more people found themselves surrounded by people who were invested in this religion and it attracted themselves to believe in Allah and the message that came with it.
Another reason was that Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians were all monotheistic and it had many commonalities with Islam. Islam was also monotheistic, believed in heaven and hell, final judgement, fasting, and ritual prayer. Therefore the conversion wasn't as drastic as it seemed and it made it easier to convert to another religion with the same principals.
DESCRIBE THREE aspects of Zoroastrianism and/or Judaism that subsequently found a place in Christianity and Islam.
The concept of heaven and hell
Good vs bad good winning
Explain the ways in which TWO of the following faiths developed as a challenge to the societies in which they were founded. Identify one difference between how the two faiths developed and explain what accounts for that difference.- Buddhism-Christianity- Islam
Buddhism/Christianity - Siddhartha and Jesus also wanted to reform buddhism/ christianity by showing love and compassion towards others and helping the poor becoming less selfish and less self centered.
One difference between the faiths were jesus had a jewish tradition of a single personal deity and his teachings were more social and political
Compare and contrast the social structure of any TWO classical OR third-wave (post-classical) civilizations in Eurasia. You can discuss social hierarchies OR the nature of patriarchy in each society. What accounts for any differences between the two?
Compare and contrast the factors that motivated and sustained the long-distance commerce on the Silk Roads and Indian Ocean Sea Roads in the period 500-1500. Discuss at least THREE factors.
People wanted what they couldn't have so trade was very prominent on the silk road. Every stop people would learn about a new religion like buddhism or new products
Silk road carried less bulk goods and therefore all the trading of bulk goods were done on the indian ocean
The desire of elites for hard-to-find luxury items from distant parts of the Eurasian network, as well as the accumulation of wealth, especially among merchants who participated in the trade, motivated long-distance commerce. and the development of technologies like larger
DESCRIBE THREE similarities and/or differences among the three major continents of the world as the Post-Classical era began. (circa 600 CE).
The americas were much less developed because they were separated from Eurasia and africa which means they didn't develop any metallurgy or wheeled carts
Africa was very different from the americas and eurasia because it had so many different ecological zones like desert and forests etc because it bisected the equator
Eurasia was different from all three because it had almost everything and it had 85% of the world's population eurasia had trade with africa so it had african goods it had all different kinds of technologies and food animals
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