humanities unit 2

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Terms in this set (...)

Ludwig van Beethoven
bridge figure
considered a "romantic period composer"
classical composers
Joseph haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus mozart, Ludwig van beethoven
baroque composers (4)
Henry Purcell
Antonio vivaldi
johahn Sebastian Bach
George frideric handel
barocco
baroque; oddly shaped pearl
highly exaggerated
oratorio
musical composition for voices and orchestra telling a sacred story. (no scenery, costumes, or staging)
opera
dramatic composition sung to instrumental accompaniment which consists of a secular story, staged with scenery, costumes, and props
opposite of oratorio
developed out of greek theatrical traditions
result of movement started by a group of artists/musicians in Florence (Florentine camerata) who believed that vocal music should be more speech-like
George F. Handel
born in germany, spent life in England
famous oratorio writer
"the messiah"-1741
composed operas as well
Henry Purcell
English composer of opera
first opera composer bc of his opera dido & Aeneas
Johann Sebastian Bach
improvisation
at age 20, walked 250 in 10 days to see an organist Buxtehude
2 marriages, 20 children
wrote over 1000 compositions; created a catalog for his music (BWV)
Antonio vivaldi
instrumental composer
wrote "four seasons"
example of a composer who uses terraced dynamics
terraced dynamics
only loud or soft and can jump from one to another
fugue
imitative polyphonic piece of music which begins by stating a theme that is repeated throughout the composition
can be repeated faster, slower, higher, lower, or in a different key
keyboard instruments
harpsichord, clavichord, organ
baroque instrumental music
permitted in church
orchestra was small
baso ostinato
repeating baseline
Pachelbel's canon
Characteristics of baroque music
homophonic and polyphonic (sometimes in the same song)
ornamentation
small orchestra
basso ostinato
terraced dynamics major and minor
3 parts of an opera
aria= solo in opera; has a refrain or chorus which is repeated and is most memorable
recitative= speech-like singing in opera which helps move story along
chorus= music sung in opera by a choir or group of singers who only come at key moments
whats going on during classical time?
age of enlightenment
French and American revolution
composers begin to break out on their own
invention of the piano
classical form
very important
balance and symmetry emphasized
two types of forms: large and small
large forms
3-4 movements
movement
a self contained part of a larger musical composition (a song within a larger work)
ex.- four seasons
examples of large forms
symphony- orchestra
concerto- orchestra + soloist
sonata- soloist or small group of instruments (violin or piano)
string quartet- 2 violins, viola, cello
small forms
refer to how each individual movement is structured
examples of small forms
theme and variation
sonata allegro
rondo
theme and variation
small musical form whose theme alters with each occurrence
sonata allegro form
1st movement of most every large form (sonata, symphony, string quartet, concerto)
same theme or melody opens and closes the piece to add symmetry
Joseph Haydn
-one of the greatest composers of the classical period -"father of symphony" -became rich from composing music
Ludwig van Beethoven
-born in bonn, germany -played violin -became deaf after age 25
Wolfgang Amadeus mozart
-one of the greatest composers of the classical period -wrote his first opera when he was 14 -by the age of the 6 he was writing his own compositions
mozart concerto
movement 1- sonata allegro form
movement 2- theme and variation
movement 3- rondo
rondo
a musical form that has recurring theme or A (verse) section
different patterns:
ABABA , ABACABA , ABACADAEA
characteristics of classical music
wider range of dynamics: p (quiet), mp (medium quiet), mf (medium loud), f (strong, loud)
emphasis on balance
orchestra expands in size
emphasis on instrumental music and soloists
form is very important
how did baroque and classical music influence contemporary music?
piano is invented in classical period
forms and chord progressions we use today are taken from the classical period
epic instrumental solos similar to concertos
repeating basslines or baso ostinato

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