30 terms

American Pageant Chapter 40 Terms

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

"supply-side" economics
An economic philosophy that holds the sharply cutting taxes will increase the incentive people have to work, save, and invest. Greater investments will lead to more jobs, a more productive economy, and more tax revenues for the government.
Perestroika
a policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society
Glasnost
Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
Old Right
opposed communism and wanted traditional family values
-republican party
conservative
religious right
United States political faction that advocates social and political conservativism, school prayer, and federal aid for religious groups and schools
New Right
opposed ERA, focused on social, cultural, and moral problems, opposed gevernment paying for daycare
identity politics
the practice of organizing on the basis of sex, ethnic or racial identity, or sexual orientation to compete for public resources and influence public policy
rainbow coalition
Jesse Jackson's idea of forging an alliance between groups of minorities and the disadvantaged
pro-choice
for abortion rights
ethnic cleansing
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
"ABC" movement
a movement to nominate anybody but Carter in the 1980 elections
Chappaquiddick
1969 automobile accident that happened on an island in which a young woman assistant was drowned when Kennedy's car plunged off a bridge
Reaganomics
economic program which cut taxes and government regulation in order to increase productivity, and eventully increase revenue as cash flowed in the economy
"boll weevils"
Term for conservative southern Democrats who voted increasingly for Republican issues during the Carter and Reagan administrations. (1035)
yuppies
young, urban professionals who wore ostentatious gear such Rolex watches or BMW cars. They came to symbolize the increased pursuit of wealth and materialism of Americans in the 1980s.
Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars")
"An ambitious plan for building a high-tech system of lasers and particle beams to destroy enemy missiles before they could reach US territory."
Contras
A Nicaraguan rebel group that got financial support from the CIA. This group was formed as a response to the overthrowing of Anastazio Somoza Debayle
Sandinistas
Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. They lost national elections in 1990.
Grenada
a small Latin country where a communist government had taken power. Reagan invaded the country in protest of communist expansion, showing that he was not pursuing détente.
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Force (INF)
a 1987 agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union., nuclear missiles banned by US and USSR
Iran-Contra Affair
scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected
Moral Majority
political organization of the United States which had an agenda of evangelical Christian-oriented political lobbying. Formed by Jerry Falwell. Organization made up of conservative Christian political action committees which campaigned on issues its personnel believed were important to maintaining its Christian conception of moral law. This group pressured for legislation that would ban abortion and ban the states' acceptance of homosexuality.
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
States may regulate abortion as long as there is "no undue burden" on the mother; did not overturn Roe v. Wade but gave states more leeway in regulating abortion (parental consent for minors, 24 hour waiting period)
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
allowed states to ban abortions from public hospitals and permitted doctors to test to see if fetuses were viable
Solidarity Movement
a Polish trade union that was the first non - communist trade union in any country in the Warsaw Pact. The union used peaceful civil resistance for workers rights and social change against the oppressive communist government. Due to the social movement, partially free elections in Poland took place in 1989 and after the fall of the Soviet Union, the union's leadership took power in Poland. This movement was one of the first movements in a Soviet satellite nation to challenge the communist government.
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Desert Storm was the code name given to the first U.S.-led war against Iraq in the Persian Gulf on January 17, 1991.
Americans With Disabilities Act
Passed by Congress in 1991, this act banned discrimination against the disabled in employment and mandated easy access to all public and commercial buildings.
"gender gap"
A term that refers to the regular pattern by which women are more likely to support Democratic candidates. Women tend to be significantly less conservative than men and are more likely to support spending on social services and to oppose higher levels of military spending.
Pro-Life
Term commonly used to identify individuals and organizations that oppose abortion and other affronts to human dignity.