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Cognitive Psychology - CH 1
Terms in this set (39)
A theory of animal and human learning that focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts mental activities.
A method of research in which a variety of information about one person is collected in order to examine aspects relevant to the individual, a group, or a situation.
A picture or image based on spatial knowledge of a stimulus or physical situation.
Beginning in the 1950's, a shift in the area of psychological research that was focused on the study of observable behaviors toward focusing on the examination of mental processes.
An interdisciplinary area of study which examines research from a variety of areas in an attempt to gain insight into issues involving the mind and the human brain.
The systematic study of computing systems and computation.
Those who adhere to the philosophy that knowledge exists only after experience, which typically involves sensations and perceptions.
System of moral principles, rules, and standards of conduct.
Posits that cognition is best understood from a functionalist approach.
The scientific process by which variables are manipulated and measured to obtain results which examine a given construct.
Eye Tracking Studies
Studies which measure the extent to which the eyes saccade while attempting to locate, view, and sense information located in the visual field.
Information we know to be true based on universal human sensations.
The philosophical theory that formal statements have no meaning but that its symbols exhibit a form that has useful applications.
A psychologist who studied the function (rather than the structure) of consciousness
Studies which involve methodologies used to produce a picture of internal body structures (e.g. the brain).
Information which is perceived via sensory mediums is analyzed and transformed into meaningful units.
A transformation of environmental cues into meaningful cognitive symbols of the perceived stimuli.
Hypothetical constructs presumed to represent processes that mediated the effects of stimuli on behavior.
A technique of self-observation.
Studies that looked for functions that are unique to the left or right side of the brain
A hypothetical pattern of mental or brain activity that represents some feature of the world, of the person, or of the interaction between the person and the world.
A statement that allows understanding one conceptual domain in terms of another conceptual domain.
Schemes or structures that correspond to real objects, events, or classes of events, and that have explanatory power.
Those who adhere to the philosophy that the mind produces ideas which are not derived from experiences.
The scientific study of the nervous system.
Systematic planned observation and recording of behavior and interaction in a natural setting
Defining a variable in terms of how it is measured.
Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP)
A neutrally inspired model of the mind in which information is processed in a massively distributed, mutually interactive, parallel system in which various activities are carried out simultaneously through excitation and/or inhibition between units.
Period of Enlightenment
In the 18th century, the increased desire to learn new information that can be perceived during a brief presentation or within a specific area.
A discipline which engages in careful thought about the fundamental nature of the world.
Studies that evaluate the processes whereby exposure to words or concepts affect later cognitive or behavioral performance.
The scientific study of the relationship between physical events and psychological phenomena.
Reaction Time Studies
Studies which measure the amount of time taken to complete a given task.
Single Cell Studies
Evaluating the electrical activity of individual cells in the brain.
An opinion about a phenomenon, which is has not or cannot be tested scientifically.
The relationship between sensory information which must be sensed by the organism in order for a response to occur.
Potential explanations for phenomenon which use subsequent evidence to attempt to support such explanations.
Unit of Analysis
The entity which a study is attempting to examine and analyze.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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