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What is the basic water rescue course and whats required to pass it?

"Provides individuals with info and skills to prevent, recognize and respond to aquatic emergencies; teaches to protect self while assisting others"; Attend all class sessions, demonstrate competency in each skill, correctly answer 80% of questions on written test.

What program can be used to help children learn how to avoid dangers around water?

Personal Water Safety? Lifeguard readiness?

When filling out a WSI activity report, what are the differences between pass, fail, audit and incomplete?

Pass- passed all required skills, final skills test and written exam
Fail- not passed all required skills, final skills test or written exam
Incomplete- could not complete course because circumstances prevented attendance (must be completed within a reasonable time frame)
Audit- participant has chosen to self-evaluate, does NOT receive a course completion certificate.

What is the goal of level 1?

To Help students feel comfortable in the water and to enjoy the water safely

What are the four stages of learning? What occurs in each stage?

Cognitive-beginning- thinking before moving, awkward
Associative- practice- connect movements, improvement
Autonomous-skill refinement-smooth, recognize and correct own errors

What factors influence learning?

Find attainable goals; encourage participation and practice; use motivation; Positive and constructive feedback

What must be done in order to improve any motor skill?

Encourage practice; Focus on "factors that effect learning"; Connect behaviors- strokes and breathing; Pay attention to qualitative vs. quantitative changes

What are some factors that affect lesson planning?

Disabilities; range of abilities; misbehavior; practice time; size; age and experience of students

Why is it important to self-evaluate your lesson plan at the end of every lesson?

Use it to improve next lesson plan (how much practice, what to review)

What is a photographic eye?

The ability to see and hold a mental picture of what is being done.

What is the difference between a block plan and a lesson plan?

Block-for duration of the entire session of classes- all the skills you want to learn for that level
Lesson-individual day with details for activities and progressions of skills

What can you do to make a skill demonstration effective?

Slowly, exaggerated, keep info to a minimum, do it on dry land, make associations, tell them what to look for, perform it soon after seeing it

How deep should the water be for diving?

9 ft if diving from deck, 11.5 feet if diving from a springboard

What are the different types of dives?

Kneeling (on deck);
Compact (on deck-lift knees)
stride (on deck, one foot forward, one back, lift rear leg) Standing dive; Fall-in (from diving board)
Forward Dive Pike Position (from springboard)
Forward Dive Tuck Position (from springboard)
Grab start (from block)
Track Start (from block)

How do you customize a swim lesson for older adults?

Plan with participants (What do you know, What do you want to know, What are you able to do?)
Individualize the approach (freedom to work at own pace, practice, pick skills)
Teaching methods- simplify skills, association
Physical elements- cleanliness, entrances, temperature, noise
Pstchological- review, rest, compliment/reward, establish trust

How old does a child have to be to attend a parent and child class?

6 months old

How many times should a child be put underwater in the initial learning phase?

No more than 3 times per lesson

What are some of the safty techniques taught in the learn to swim courses?

Buddy system
Safe entry and exit
Use of life jacket
Be cool follow the rules
Look before you leap
Think so you don't sink/Reach or throw- don't go
Diving properly
obey posted rules
HELP position
Huddle Position
Compact jump with life jacket
Throwing assist
Care for concious choking victim
Survival swimming
Rescue breathing
Survival float

As a WSI, what paperwork must be submitted to the ARC after the course

Course record
Course record addendum OR Water Safety Instructor Activity Report

What are the steps in becomming an instructor aide?

Basic-level certification OR skills and knowledge for the courses in which they will help
Exhibit maturity and responsibilty

As a WSI, what courses are you eligible to teach?

6 levels of Learn to Swim
Parent and Child Aquatics
Water safety outreach- Water Safety today
Basic water rescue
Longfellow's WHALE's Tales

Why would you use the ARC swimming and diving skills video?

For "students in level 5 or 6 or adults who are interested in learning to swim, refining their strokes or learning more about aquatics"

How long is your initial WSI certification good?

Your WSI certification is good for 2 years and is renewed by teaching at least 1 class during that time

Define Reauthorization

"becoming authorized again by teaching or co-teaching at least 1 course of record during an authorization period"- a new Health and Safety Services Instructor Authorization certificate is issued

Define Extended Authorization

Approval by non-local Red Cross to teach

Define Authorization

Approval by local Red Cross to teach- Health and Safety Services Instructor Authorization Certificate and Instructor Agreement must be signed by the instructor and an official from the local RC chapter

Define Certification

recognition of completion of course with a completion certificate

What is WSI eligible to teach?

Parent and child aquatics
Pre-school aquatics
water safety courses

An instructor Aide......

must hold a certificate for the course in which they are helping

WSI paperwork

must submit Water Safety Instructor activity report once done teaching a course


Pass- passed all required skills, exit assessment and written exam if applicable
Fail- not passed all required skills, exit assessment and written exam
Incomplete-could not complete course because circumstances prevented attendance (must be completed within reasonable time)
Audit- participant has chosen to self-evaluate- does not receive a course completion certificate

Block Plan

Plan for duration of entire session of classes

lesson plan:

plan for individual class


must be 9 ft deep

Center of Buoyancy

located in center of chest for most people

center of mass

located in center of the torso for most people

stroke components

catch, mid-pull & finish


Pull, breath, kick, glide

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