North Atlantic Treaty Organization
-alliance formed in 1949 by the United States, Western European nations and other countries to help defend each other in case of attack.
-military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and other Eastern European communist countries.
What is the Truman Doctrine?
-the Truman Doctrine, the U.S. planned to stop the spread of communism to new nations.
How did the West view the Soviet policy on Eastern European nations?
-Because of the Soviet Union's actions in Eastern Europe, the West believed that the Soviets intended to spread communism westward across Europe.
The U.S. policy _____ of meant that the U.S. would not interfere with nations that already had communist government.
The Marshall Plan, a plan to rebuild Europe, was seen by Stalin as a means to control Europe through western _______.
After the blockade and airlift to this city, Germany was officially split into two, one democratic ( the West) and one communist( a puppet government of Moscow). Where did this separation occur?
What effect did the division of Berlin have?
-The division of Berlin inspired the division of Germany
What are NATO and the Warsaw Pact?
-NATO is a mutual defense agreement formed by Western nations, and the Warsaw Pact is the retaliatory defense agreement of Eastern bloc nations.
How did the Truman Doctrine relate to the U.S. policy of containment?
-Containment stated that the U.S. would not interfere with already communist countries, but that it would prevent the spread of communism to new countries.
Containment was a policy in which the U.S. tried to do what?
-It would not interfere with already communist countries, but it would prevent the spread of it to new countries.
Which of these is a mutual defense agreement formed by Western nations during the beginning of the Cold War?
Which of the following best describes the economies of Eastern and Western European countries after the war?
-Eastern European countries did not recover as well as Western European countries.
Which body of the UN probably knows the most about the work of all UN agencies?
-The Secretariat would probably know the most about the work of UN agencies.
How did postwar Eastern Europe compare with Western Europe? Why?
-The economies of Eastern European countries recovered, but they did not reach the level of prosperity achieved in Western European countries. Collectivization and too much emphasis on heavy industry slowed the economies.
What problems did Great Britain's postwar economy have?
-It slowed down considerably, due to outdated equipment, loss of valuable personnel, loss of colonies, and decrease in coal consumption.
What effect did Nikita Khrushchev have on the Soviet Union?
-He denounced Stalinist repression and loosened some restrictions.
What effect did Eastern European refugees have on postwar West Germany?
-Refugees were an important part of the labor force that helped West Germany's economy recover.
Compare and contrast the postwar recoveries of West Germany and Great Britain.
-West Germany went to a free market economy after the war, but Great Britain decided to nationalize some important industries. The free market decision allowed the Germans to build up quickly in a competitive way, while not forcing the government to prop up industries. ;
Group formed to promote democracy, economic cooperation, and human rights in Latin America and the United States
-organization of America States
Program by which Latin American governments introduced reforms in exchange for U.S. loans and investments
-Alliance for Progress
The United States and the Soviet Union came to the brink of nuclear war in 1962 over Soviet missile bases in
Which of the following issues in Brazil provoked conflict between economic development and environmental protection?
-Destruction of the rain forest
Which countries came to the brink of nuclear war over missile bases in Cuba?
-The United States and Soviet Union
Mexico City is an unlikely city to be the world's largest because it is 7,400 feet above sea level, ringed by mountains and volcanoes and in an earthquake zone.
People have moved to Mexico City, since the 1940's, because it provided all of the following, except
Which of the following did not occur after the demonstrations at Tiananmen Square?
-China's economy began to shrink
The Great Leap Forward resulted in
-d.all of the above. (decreased industrial output; famine; food shortages.)
Great Leap Forward
-China's disastrous second five-year plan begun in 1958 that forced collectivization of agriculture and rapid industrialization.
What was the Gang of Four?
-The Gang of Four was a radical group led by Madame Mao. After Chairman Mao's death, the Gang of Four opposed moderate reforms and tried to carry on the cultural revolution.
What is the importance of the American flag in this cartoon?
-It is included as a symbol of democracy.
What effect did Tiananmen Square Massacre have on China and the world?
-The massacre had a negative effect on China's economy. Because of bad publicity relating to the event, many nations cut off aid and relations, and tourism declined.
All of the following are true of the Tianamen Square Massacre in China EXCEPT
-The massacre began because of a violent outburst by protesters toward passersby that supported the current government.
What was the effect of the Great Leap Forward?
-Industrial output decreased, and food shortages led to famine.
As people's standard of living in China began to improve under Deng Xioping, they wanted more
After the breakup of the Soviet Union many former Soviet nations came together and organized _______________.
-After the breakup of the Soviet Union many former Soviet nations came together and organized _______________.
In the 1980's, which countries were entrenched with civil war?
-In the 1980's, which countries were entrenched with civil war?
Why does the control of the illegal drug trade require cooperation among the United States and Latin American governments?
-Latin American governments must stop the supply of drugs being produced in their countries. The United States government must try to end the demand for drugs in its country.
According to the author, why is Mexico City an impractical setting for the world's largest city?
-It is 7,400 feet above sea level; ringed by mountains and volcanoes, in an earthquake zone; far from supplies of food, water, and energy; and short of oxygen.
How did uneven distribution of wealth contribute to unrest in Latin American countries?
-A wealthy few controlled land, mines, businesses, and factories. They opposed reforms that threatened their power. Most of the population lived in poverty.
To which positive aspects of Mexico City does the author refer?
-The writer refers to the city's character, charm, hospitality, energy, and spirit.
All of the following were promoted by the Organization of American States (OAS) EXCEPT:
-the end of drug cartels