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2013 MILADY - Cosmo Chapter 6: General Anatomy
SH - Chapter 6. General Anatomy
Terms in this set (81)
Abductor Digiti Minimi
Muscle that separates the fingers and the toes
Muscle that moves the toes and helps maintain balance while walking and standing
Muscles that draw a body part, such as a finger, arm, or toe, outward and away from the median axis of the body or of an extremity.
Muscles that draw a body pafrt, such as a finger, arm, or toe, inward toward the median axis of the body or of an extremity.
Technical term for fat; gives smoothness and contour to the body.
Glands of the endocrine system that secrete about 30 steroid hormones and control metabolic processes of the body, including the fight-or-flight response.
Constructive metabolism, the process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones.
Study of the human body structures that can be seen with the naked eye and how the body parts are organized; the science of the structure of organisms or of their parts.
Branch of the facial artery that supplies blood to the side of the nose.
Anterior Auricular Artery
Branch of the superficial temporal artery that supplies blood to the front part of the ear.
Anterior Tibial Artery
One of the popliteal arteries that supplies blood to the lower leg muscles and to the muscles and skin on the top of the foot and adjacent sides of the first and second toes. This artery continues to the foot where it becomes the dorsalis pedis artery.
The largest artery in the body
Thick walled, muscular, flexible tubes that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the arterioles
Small arteries that deliver blood to the capillaries
Upper, thin-walled chamber of the heart through which blood is pumped to the ventricles.
Muscle in front of the ear that draws the ear forward.
Muscle behind the ear that draws the ear backward
Muscle above the ear that draws the ear upward.
Branch of the fifth cranial nerve that affects the external ear and skin above the temple, up to the top of the skull.
Autonomic Nervous System
The part of the nervous system that controls the involuntary muscles; regulates the action of the smooth muscles, glands, blood vessels, heart and breathing.
Axon or Axon Terminal
The extension of a neuron through which impulses are sent away from the body to other neurons, glands or muscles.
Middle part of the muscle.
Muscle that produces the contour of the front and inner side of the upper arm; lifts the forearm and flexes the elbow
Nutritive fluid circulating through the circulatory system to supply oxygen and nutrients to cells and tissues and to remove carbon dioxide and waste from them.
Tube-like structures that include arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules and veins.
Group of body organs acting together to perform one or more functions
How many major systems is the body composed of?
Part of the central nervous system contained in the cranium; largest and most complex nerve tissue and controls sensation, muscles, activity of glands and the power to think, sense and feel.
Branch of the seventh cranial nerve that affects the muscles of the mouth.
Thin, flat muscle of the cheek between teh upper and lower jaw that compresses the cheeks and expels air between the lips.
Tiny, thin walled blood vessels that connect the smaller arteries to the venules. Capillaries bring nutrients to the cells and carry away waste materials.
The involuntary muscle that is the heart. This type of muscle is not found in any other part of the body.
Also known as the wrist; flexible joint composed of a group of eight small, irregular bones held together by ligaments.
How many bones make up the carpus?
The phase of metabolism that involves the breaking down of complex compounds within the cells into smaller ones. The process releases energy that has been stored.
Cell part that encloses the proroplasm and permits soluble substances to enter and leave the cell.
Basic units of all living things. from bacteria to plants to animals, including human beings.
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves and cranial nerves.
Structures in a cell near the nucleus that move to each side during the mitosis process to help divide the cell
Cervical Cutaneous Nerve
Cervical nerve located at the side of the neck; affects the front and sides of the neck as far down as the breastbone.
Branches of the seventh cranial nerve; originate at the spinal cord and affect the side of the neck and the platysma muscle.
The seven bones of the top part of the vertebral column, located in the neck region.
Body system that controls the steady circulation of the blood through the body byt means of the heart and blood vessels.
Also known as collarbone; bone that joins the sternum and scapula
Common Carotid Arteries
Main arteries that supply blood the head, face and neck
Common Peroneal Nerve
A division of the sciatic nerve that extends from behind the knee to wind around the head of the fibula to the front of the leg where it divides into two branches.
Fibrous tissue that binds together, protects adn supports the various parts of the body. Examples are bone, cartilage ligaments, tendons, blood, lymph and fat
Muscle located beneath the frontalis and orbicularis oculi muscles that draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles the forehead vertically.
An oval, bony case that protects the brain.
The protoplasm of a cell, except for the protoplasm in the nucleus, that surrounds the nucleus; the watery fluid that cells need for growth, reproduction and self repair.
Deep Peroneal Nerve; AKA Anterior Tibial Nerve
Extends down the front of the leg, behind the muscles. It supplies impulses to these muscles and also to themuscles and skin on the top of the foot and adjacent sides of the first and second toes.
Large, triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward and to the side of the body.
Tree-like branching of nerve fibers extending from the nerve cell; carry impulses toward the cell and receive impulses from other neurons
Depressor labii Inferioris Muscle; AKA Quadratus Labii Inferioris Muscle
Muscle surrounding the lower lip; lowers the lower lipp and draws it to one side, as in expressing sarcasm.
Muscular wall that separates the thorax from the abdominal region and helps control breathing.
Chemicals that change certain types of food into a soluble form that can be used by the body.
Body system that is responsible for breaking down foods into nutrients and wastes; consists of the mouth, stomach, intestines, salivary and gastric glands and other organs.
Sensory-motor nerve that, with its branches, supplies impulses to the fingers.
A nerve that extends up from the toes and foot, just under the skin, supplying impulses to toes and foot as well as the muscles and skin of the leg, where it becomes the superficial peroneal nerve.
Dorsalis Pedis Artery
Artery that supplies blood to the foot.
Eleventh Cranial Nerve
A motor nerve that controls the motion of the neck and shoulder muscles.
Endocrine Glands; AKA Ductless Glands
Glands such as the thyroid and pituitary glands that release hormonal secretions directly into the bloodstream
Body system consisting of a group of specialized glands that effect the growth, development, sexual function and health of the entire body.
Tendon that connects the occipitalis and frontalis muscles.
The broad muscle that covers the top of the skull and consists of the occipitalis and frontalis.
Protective covering on body surfaces, such as skin, mucous membranes, the tissue inside the mouth, the lining of the heart, digestive and respiratory organs and the glands.
Light spongy bone between the eye sockets; forms part of hte nasal cavities.
Body system that consists of a group of organs, including the kidneys, liver, skin, large intestine and lungs, that are responsible for purifying the body by eliminated waste matter.
Breathing outward; expelling carbon dioxide from the lungs.
Exocrine Glands; AKA Duct Glands
produce a substance that travels through small tube like ducts; sweat glands and oil glands of the skin belong to this groupl
Extensor Digitorum Longus
Muscle that bends the foot up and extends the toes.
Extensor Hallucis Longus
Muscle that extends the big toe and flexes the foot
Muscles that straighten the wrist, hand and fingers to form a straight line.
External Carotid Artery
Artery that supplies blood to the anterior parts of the scalp, ear, face, neck and sides of the head.
External Jugular Vein
Vein, located at the side of the neck that carries blood returning to the heart from the head, face and neck.
Body organs that control the body's vision.
Facial Artery/ External Maxillary Artery
Branch of the external carotid artery that supplies blood to the lower region of the face, mouth and nose.
Framework of the face composed of 14 bones
Heavy, Long bone that forms the leg above the knee
Smaller of the two bones that form the leg below the knee. The fibula may be visualized as a bump on the little-toe side of the ankle
Fifth Cranial Nerve; AKA Trifacial Nerve or Trigeminal Nerve
Chief sensory nerve of the face and serves as the motor nerve of the muscles that control chewing.
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