20 terms

Psychology Unit 4

unit of meaning in a language
rule of thumb, or shortcut, used to solve a problem
unit of sound in a language
convergent thinking
thinking about only the available facts to solve a problem
functional fixedness
tendency to think of an object as being used only for its usual purpose
incubation effect
allows a person to solve a problem without consciously working on it
difference reduction
problem-solving method that identifies goals and the steps needed to reach them
an example that best represents a particular concept
applying a language's regular rules of grammar to all words, including words that do no fit the rule
divergent thinking
following many leads and using free association to solve a problem
mental retardation
having an IQ score at or below 70
Standford-Binet Intelligence Scale
first modern intelligence test
possessing outstanding talent or the potential to achieve at high levels
knowledge and skills gained from experience
Emotional intelligence
type of intelligence that is involved in success in school, or on the job
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
most widely used intelligence test
extent to which genetic factors can explain traits that vary from person to person
intelligence quotient
number that represents the relationship between mental age and actual age
test-retest reliability
comparison of test scores of a person taking the same test at different times
mental age
intellectual level at which a person is functioning