Lifeguarding Chapter 7
Terms in this set (15)
What is direct contact?
Directly touching the fluids of another person via touching a wound or by splashing
What is indirect contact?
When you touch a contaminated object (such as soiled dressings)
What are work practice controls? (2 examples)
Methods of working that reduce the likelihood of an exposure such as washing hands or disposing of soiled materials properly
What solution is recommended for disinfecting contaminated equipment or surfaces?
1 part bleach to 9 parts water; 10% solution; 1 1/2 cups liquid chlorine bleach to one gallon of water
General procedures of sudden illness or injury (in order)
Size up the scene and only move the victim if necessary for their safety, perform a primary assessment and obtain consent if they're responsive, summon EMS/call 911, perform a secondary assessment if no life threatening conditions are found, provide care for the conditions found, and report, advise, and release
Six actions or determinations to make when performing a scene size-up
Check for hazards, use appropriate PPE, determine the number of injured or ill victims, determine what may have caused the illness or injury, form an initial impression that may indicate a life-threatening emergency (unresponsiveness, excessive bleeding, odd skin color, etc.), and determine what additional resources may be needed
When would you move a victim on land?
If you are faced with immediate danger, you need to get to other victims who have more serious injuries or illnesses, or it is necessary to provide care (ex. good place to do CPR)
If alone, when should you call 911 before providing care?
If there is an adult or child over 12 yrs old who is unresponsive, a child or an infant who you witness collapse, or an unresponsive child or infant known to have heart problems.
If alone, when should you provide care before calling 911?
If there's an unresponsive child or infant who you didn't witness collapse or any victim suspected of drowning
What is an adult defined as?
Onset of puberty and up
What is a child defined as?
Age of one to onset of puberty
What is an infant defined as?
Less than one year of age
If you find that your victim isn't breathing and has no pulse, when would you provide 2 ventilations before starting compressions?
If they are a drowning victim, otherwise it's assumed to be a cardiac problem
How are the levels of responsiveness determined?
After doing the shout/tap test, you will determine if they are alert (A), respond to verbal stimuli (V), respond to painful stimuli (P), or are unresponsive (U). You can use the mnemonic AVPU to help
What are the types of emergency and non-emergency moves?
Pack-strap carry: not to be used with victims with a suspected head, neck, or spine injury: the victim's arms are over your shoulders and you carry them on your back
Clothes drag: used with victim's with a suspected head, neck, or spine injury: victim is dragged on their back by their clothes and head and neck supported
Walking assist: just helps someone walk to safety, arm over your shoulder
Two person seat carry: two rescuers form a chair to carry to person to safety