24 terms

Quarter 1: 7th grade

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Christopher Columbus
Spanish explorer who was the first to visit and settle San Salvador, Cuba, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago and reached the South American mainland from 1492-1494
Circumnavigate
going around, by water
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese explorer who served Spain and whose crew became the first group to circumnavigate the globe from 1519-1522.
Prince Henry the Navigator
Organized expeditions of sailors to explore the West coast of Africa.
Strait of Magellan
located at the southernmost part of South America and is named after Ferdinand Magellan
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer who searched for and found a trade route to India.
New World
Western Hemisphere, North and South America that Columbus explored.
Colonization
Once European nations realized the wealth of newly explored territories, it became the mission of many European nations to claim the land as their own.
Indigenous
The native populations of a country
Exploitation
Take advantage of ; European nations exploited indigenous cultures for their labor and natural resources.
Natural Resources
Items that come from nature. They are not man made.
Transatlantic Slave Trade
Brought thousands of native Africans to North America to work as indentured servants on large farms.
Triangular Trade Route
A massive trading system was set up between Europe, African and North America.
Middle Passage
During the Transatlantic Slave Trade, ships had to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Africans were crammed into the bottom hulls on a boat with little ventilation, sanitation, or proper nutrition.
Colony
A region politically controlled by a distant country.
Columbian Exchange
The widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations and ideas between America, Europe and Africa following Columbus's voyage to the Americas in 1492
Absolute Monarchy
A king or queen who rules over an entire nation
Absolutism
The principle of complete and unrestricted government power that was usually in the hands of one person.
Constitutional Monarchy
A form of government in which a Parliament makes all of the laws and the King and Queen serve a primarily symbolic role and have no power to govern.
Divine Right of Kings
Kings derived their authority from the God and could not be held accountable for their actions by and earthly authority such as government or parliament.
Enlightenment
A term used to describe the philosophical, intellectual and cultural movement of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Revolution
A forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system
Coup d'etat
An overthrow of a government by force.
Democracy
A form of government in which the citizens elect people to represent them.