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BJU World History Chapter 7: The Civilizations of Asia and Africa
Flash cards for chapter 7 of Bob Jones university's 10th grade history book.
Terms in this set (61)
The physical features of a land.
A fair-skinned, warlike people that migrated into the Indus Valley from central Asia sometime after 1500 BC.
A language established in India by the Aryans.
A collection of religious literature that preserved early traditions and religious beliefs of the Indians, which were orally passed down from one generation to the next.
The extended family that included the children, grandchildren, wives, and close blood relatives of a common ancestor.
Rigid social groups that are governed by strict rules.
Ingrained in the Indian way of life. It developed from the early culture and traditions of India. Has no formal statement of doctrine.
Philosophical essays elaborating on the teaching of the Vedas.
Hindu god who supposedly permeates everything in the universe.
Brahman is often referred to as this great soul.
Wheel of Life
The cycle of rebirths before one escapes the physical world and unites with Brahman.
A religion built on works and moral behavior.
The founder of Buddhism. Later known as Buddha, the "Enlightened One."
Four Noble Truths
1. Suffering is part of all existence.
2. Suffering has a cause--selfish desires.
3. Suffering can be overcome by destroying selfish desires.
4. Man will destroy selfish desires by following the Eightfold Path.
The state of absolute peace and happiness where one loses himself into nothingness.
Conquered the disorganized and weak kingdoms in the north and created the first strong empire of India.
The most famous of the Mauryan rulers, Chandragupta's grandson. He extended the Mauryan Empire to include all but the southern tip of India. Renounced war and converted to Buddhism.
India entered a new, and perhaps her greatest, era of prosperity and achievement under this dynasty.
The foremost Indian poet and dramatist of this period whose plays have earned him the title "the Indian Shakespeare."
In ancient days the Chinese named their land this because they believed China to be the center of the earth.
The leading religion in China. Every Chinese house contained an ancestral altar before which the Chinese burned incense to the spirits of their dead.
Chinese writing consists of sixty five thousand of these that represent complete ideas, objects, and sounds.
Fundamental principle for all human relationships is "What you do not want done unto you, do not do to others." Became the guiding philosophy of China's educational, social, and political systems. Promotes living an active life and fulfilling one's social obligations. Strives for improved government, laws, and education.
Men can achieve harmony by ceasing to strive after power, wealth, and learning; instead they should adopt a simple, inactive lifestyle. Became the basis for mystical, magical, and superstitious elements in Chinese society. Favors a more passive lifestyle and attempts to free man from the busyness of responsibility. Minimizes external authority and involvement in society.
The most honored teacher in Chinese history. The Chinese call him "The Master." K'ung Fu-tzu grew up in poverty during a time of social and political unrest in China. He believed that through proper cinduct man could solve the problems of society and live in complete happiness.
Collection of Confucius's sayings and activities.
Taught that tao was the pervading force in nature. He encouraged men to find peace and happiness by living in harmony with nature.
The major divisions of Chinese history were under this form of government.
Shih Huang Ti
The founder of the short-lived but memorable Ch'in dynasty. The first to unite China proper under one strong centralized government. Name means "First Emperor."
The dynasty that gives China its name. Most remarkable achievement was the construction of the Great Wall.
The most famous Han ruler. He drove back the Huns and extended China's territory.
"Chinese Peace." Established throughout China and much of central Asia.
The most popular and prolific poet who wrote thousands of poems expressing emotional and sentimental themes.
Smaller, separate blocks of carved wood for each Chinese character. The blocks could then be rearranged and reused.
A group of families claiming descent from a common ancestor. The basic unit of social, religious, and political organization.
Extended its authority and forged a unified Japanese state. Centered on the main Japanese island, Honshu.
In legend, he was the first emperor of Japan and a direct descendant of the sun goddess. "Heavenly Prince."
Originally a form of nature worship that attributed deity to anything in nature that was awe-inspiring or extraordinary, such as fire, a waterfall, or a high mountain. It became a religion of feeling. "The way of the gods."
A member of the imperial family who made Buddhism the favored national religion. He also sent many young men to China to study the Chinese ways.
The turnabout in the Japanese political and economic structure. "Great Change."
A family that married their daughters to the sons of the imperial family.
The leader of the Minamoto clan. He became the supreme military leader of Japan when he defeated the only remaining powerful clan.
"Great general." Held the real power over the Japanese government from 1192 to 1868.
The Japanese warrior and leading class in society.
An unwritten military code that governed the conduct of the samurai.
Vast grassy plains that stretch from western China peoples.
He became lord of all the people dwelling in felt tents. Means "universal ruler."
The last of the Great Khans, the heir to the Mongol world. After a long campaign, he succeeded in conquering southern China, the stronghold of the Sung dynasty.
Led the Mongols into Europe. Crushed the Russian defenses and penetrated Hungary and Poland.
Batu's realm, the strongest Mongol state in Western Asia.
The Grand Prince from 1462 to 1505. Refused to pay further tribute to the Mongols. Extended his control over much of northern Russia.
Rules with unlimited authority.
A central Asian conqueror who attempted to rebuild Genghis's empire.
"The Tiger." A descendant of two of the greatest Asian conquerors. Became the leader of the Turkish-Mongol tribes in what today is Afghanistan.
Name given to the Mongols in India.
The greatest Mughal ruler who was Babur's grandson. Expanded the empire to include all of northern and central India.
Sub Saharan Africa
All of Africa south of the Sahara Desert.
Syrian Christian who worked to convert Aksum.
The most famous ruler of Mali.
The language of the African city-states. Dominantly native African but also contained elements of Arabic, Persian, and Indian.
Marrying more than one wife.
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