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ITN Final Review

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a network that recovers quickly when a failure occurs and depends on redundancy to limit the impact of a failure
What is a characteristic of a fault tolerant network?
audio conference, financial transactions, web page
Three bank employees are using the corporate network. The first employee uses a web browser to view a company web page in order to read some announcements. The second employee accesses the corporate database to perform some financial transactions. The third employee participates in an important live audio conference with other corporate managers in branch offices. If QoS is implemented on this network, what will be the priorities from highest to lowest of the different data types?
Network capabilities are extended without requiring investment in new infrastructure, personnel, or software.
What is a benefit of using cloud computing in networking?
It interfaces between the users and the kernel.
What is the function of the shell in an OS?
an SSH connection
Which connection provides a secure CLI session with encryption to a Cisco switch?
The command is being entered from the wrong mode of operation.
A network technician is attempting to configure an interface by entering the following command: SanJose(config)# ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0. The command is rejected by the device. What is the reason for this?
to interrupt the ping process
An administrator uses the Ctrl-Shift-6 key combination on a switch after issuing the ping command. What is the purpose of using these keystrokes?
lineconin
Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is configuring access control to switch SW1. If the administrator uses a console connection to connect to the switch, which password is needed to access user EXEC mode?
VLAN 1
On which switch interface would an administrator configure an IP address so that the switch can be managed remotely?
TCP
What protocol is responsible for controlling the size of segments and the rate at which segments are exchanged between a web client and a web server?
It encourages competition and promotes choices.
What is an advantage to using a protocol that is defined by an open standard?
It assists in protocol design and It prevents technology in one layer from affecting other layers.
What are two benefits of using a layered network model?
Network and Transport
Which two OSI model layers have the same functionality as two layers of the TCP/IP model? (Choose two.)
segment
What name is assigned to the transport layer PDU?
physical layer
A network administrator is troubleshooting connectivity issues on a server. Using a tester, the administrator notices that the signals generated by the server NIC are distorted and not usable. In which layer of the OSI model is the error categorized?
1) the amount of traffic that is currently crossing the network
2) the type of traffic that is crossing the network
3) the latency that is created by the number of network devices that the data is crossing
A network administrator is measuring the transfer of bits across the company backbone for a mission critical financial application. The administrator notices that the network throughput appears lower than the bandwidth expected. Which three factors could influence the differences in throughput?
cancellation
What is a characteristic of UTP cabling?
1) It is not affected by EMI or RFI.
2) It is more expensive than UTP cabling is.
What are two characteristics of fiber-optic cable?
It places information in the frame allowing multiple Layer 3 protocols to use the same network interface and media.
What is a characteristic of the LLC sublayer?
partial mesh
A network team is comparing physical WAN topologies for connecting remote sites to a headquarters building. Which topology provides high availability and connects some, but not all, remote sites?
CSMA/CA
What method is used to manage contention-based access on a wireless network?
1) data link layer addressing
2) detection of errors through CRC calculations
3) delimiting groups of bits into frames
What are the three primary functions provided by Layer 2 data encapsulation?
It will discard the frame.
What will a host on an Ethernet network do if it receives a frame with a destination MAC address that does not match its own MAC address?
store-and-forward switching
Which frame forwarding method receives the entire frame and performs a CRC check to detect errors before forwarding the frame?
BB:BB:BB:BB:BB:BB
Refer to the exhibit. If host A sends an IP packet to host B, what will the destination address be in the frame when it leaves host A?
destination MAC address to a destination IPv4 address
What addresses are mapped by ARP?
routing packets toward the destination

encapsulating PDUs from the transport layer
What are two services provided by the OSI network layer?
to retain contents when power is removed

to store the startup configuration file
What are two functions of NVRAM?
The administrator will be presented with the R1> prompt.
Refer to the exhibit. What will be the result of entering this configuration the next time a network administrator connects a console cable to the router and no additional commands have been entered?
203.0.113.211
What is the dotted decimal representation of the IPv4 address 11001011.00000000.01110001.11010011?
A single packet can be sent to a group of hosts.

Multicast transmission can be used by routers to exchange routing information.

Routers will not forward multicast addresses in the range of 224.0.0.0 to 224.0.0.255.
What are three characteristics of multicast transmission?
10.0.0.0/8

172.16.0.0/12

192.168.0.0/16
What are the three ranges of IP addresses that are reserved for internal private use?
It converts IPv6 packets into IPv4 packets.
What purpose does NAT64 serve in IPv6?
2001:0:0:abcd::1
What is the most compressed representation of the IPv6 address 2001:0000:0000:abcd:0000:0000:0000:0001?
FE80::/10
Which range of link-local addresses can be assigned to an IPv6-enabled interface?​
62
How many valid host addresses are available on an IPv4 subnet that is configured with a /26 mask?
255.255.255.128
A site administrator has been told that a particular network at the site must accommodate 126 hosts. Which subnet mask would be used that contains the required number of host bits?
192.168.1.64/26
What subnet would include the address 192.168.1.96 as a usable host address?
The size of each subnet may be different, depending on requirements.
Which statement is true about variable-length subnet masking?
A student has two web browser windows open in order to access two web sites. The transport layer ensures the correct web page is delivered to the correct browser window.
Which scenario describes a function provided by the transport layer?
the destination port number
A user opens three browsers on the same PC to access www.cisco.com to search for certification course information. The Cisco web server sends a datagram as a reply to the request from one of the web browsers. Which information is used by the TCP/IP protocol stack in the PC to identify which of the three web browsers should receive the reply?
to identify missing segments at the destination

to reassemble the segments at the remote location
What are two ways that TCP uses the sequence numbers in a segment?
compression

encryption
Which two tasks are functions of the presentation layer?
resource sharing without a dedicated server
What is a key characteristic of the peer-to-peer networking model?
nslookup
A technician can ping the IP address of the web server of a remote company but cannot successfully ping the URL address of the same web server. Which software utility can the technician use to diagnose the problem?
.com
Which domain name would be an example of a top-level domain?
The address is returned to the pool for reuse when the lease expires.
A PC obtains its IP address from a DHCP server. If the PC is taken off the network for repair, what happens to the IP address configuration?
DHCP
A wireless host needs to request an IP address. What protocol would be used to process the request?
malware that was written to look like a video game
Which example of malicious code would be classified as a Trojan horse?
login block-for 60 attempts 5 within 60
When applied to a router, which command would help mitigate brute-force password attacks against the router?
show interfaces
A network technician suspects that a particular network connection between two Cisco switches is having a duplex mismatch. Which command would the technician use to see the Layer 1 and Layer 2 details of a switch port?
console line
Where are Cisco IOS debug output messages sent by default?
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