Glenn US History Semester 2 Final

Terms in this set (102)

Farmers

Demands:
‣ Wealth belongs to him who creates it, and every dollar taken from industry without an equivalent is robbery. "If any will not work, neither shall he eat." The interests of rural and civic labor are the same; their enemies are identical.
‣ The time has come when the railroad corporation will either own the people or the people must own the railroads, and should the government enter upon the work of owning and managing all railroads, we should favor an amendment to the Constitution by which all persons engaged in the government service shall be place under civil-service regulation of the most rigid character, so as to prevent the increase of the power of the national administration by the use of such additional government employment.
‣ We demand a national currency, safe, sound, and flexible, issued by the general government only, a full legal tender for all debts, public and private, and that without the use of banking corporations, a just, equitable, and efficient means of distribution direct to the people, at a tax not to exceed 2 per cent, per annum, to be provided as set forth in the sub-treasury plan of the Farmers' Alliance, or a better system; also by payments in discharge of its obligations for public improvements.
◦ Deflation helps people who have money.
◦ When they burned the paper money, they lowered the money supply.
• We demand free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold at the present legal ratio of 16 to 1.
• We demand that the amount of circulating medium be speedily increased to not less than $50 per capita.
• We demand a graduated income tax.
◦ The more you make, the higher your percentage.
• We believe that the money of the country should be kept as much as possible in the hands of the people, and hence we demand that all State and national revenues shall be limited to the necessary expenses of the government, economically and honestly administered.
• We demand that postal savings banks be established by the government for the safe deposit of the earnings of the people and to facilitate exchange.
‣ Transportation being a means of exchange and a public necessity, the government should own and operate the railroads in the interest of the people. the telegraph, telephone, like the post-office system, being a necessity for the transmission of news, should be owned and operated by the government in the interest of the people.
‣ The land, including all the natural sources of wealth, is the heritage of the people, and should not be monopolized for speculative purposes, and alien ownership of land should be prohibited. All land now held by railroads and other corporations in excess of their actual needs, and all lands now owned by aliens should be reclaimed by the government and held for actual settlers only.
‣ We demand a free ballot and a fair count in all elections and pledge ourselves to secure it to every legal voter without Federal Intervention, through the adoption by the States of the unperverted Australian or secret ballot system.
‣ That the revenue derived from a graduated income tax should be applied to the reduction of the burden of taxation now levied upon the domestic industries of this country.
‣ We pledge our support to fair and liberal pensions to ex-Union soldiers and sailors.
‣ We cordially sympathize with the efforts of organized workingmen to shorten the hours of labor, and demand a rigid enforcement of the existing eight-hour law on government work, and ask that a penalty clause be added to the said law.
‣ We regard the maintenance of a large standing army of mercenaries, known as the Pinkerton system, as a menace to our liberties, and we demand its abolition...
‣ We commend to the favorable consideration of the perplexed and the reform press the legislative system known as the initiative and referendum.
‣ We favor a constitutional provision limiting the office of President and Vice-President to one term, and providing for the election of Senators of the United States by a direct vote of the people.
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