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Terms in this set (45)
The octal number system is base 8, using only digits 0 through 7.
A single unit of binary consisting of only one place whose value can be 0 or 1.
A specific meaning for data, such as a character, a truth value, or an integer, usually limiting the values allowed for the data.
Eight bits, able to represent 256 distinct values. Abbreviated "b".
A coding system for storing characters in bits, extending the 8-bit ASCII coding system to include international characters by sometimes using more than 8 bits.
What is a continuous method of representing information?
Data which can only take on discrete values; on or off.
Creating simple concise representations of more complex phenomena so that people can more easily work with, communicate about, and learn about anything.
A standard code for representing text characters using one byte. Generally replaced by UTF-8 or UTF-16 to support international languages.
Attaching two things side-by-side, frequently strings of text.
Describes a method of compression in which data is lost in a way that cannot be recovered from the compressed data.
What is the method of determining the strength of artificial intelligence, in which a human tries to decide if the intelligence at the other end of a text chat is human?
What is instructions in a program?
A step-by-step procedure, like a recipe, but often involving decisions.
Which variable type maintains a running total?
Which part of a program that causes an error or undesired output?
Which variable type stores whether a condition has been true yet; reset before iteration and possibly raised during iteration.
What is a group of instructive code that exists as an independent unit, which is easy to use with other code as needed?
Which variable type stores user input or stores information about a program's state that changes unpredictably?
Which part of the computer executes one instruction at a time?
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
What will evaluate either true or false; used in the conditional of an if-structure?
Which variable type stores one item from a list at a time during iteration?
What is the "trigger" from the user or from a program that causes a specific part of the program to execute?
Which variable type stores a value that will not change over the course of the entire program?
What is the Boolean expression in an if-structure that is evaluated to determine which branch of code to execute?
What is a graphics object that can be moved on top of or behind a background?
Which variable type keeps track of a record best or worst and updates when a new record best or worst has been reached?
Which variable type stores a list of values built up over time and remembers separate individual values?
Which variable type counts in an arithmetic sequence, usually counting by ones starting at 0 or 1?
A method of software development that emphasizes frequent client input to produce better end products.
What are the precise rules defining how the letters, words, and punctuation of a programming language are required to be used together?
What is a set of instructions grouped together to do something to or with an object?
What is the repeating of a step-by-step procedure several times; also used to refer to single execution of that repetitive procedure?
What is a piece of code that responds to an event?
What is an outline of the basic ideas behind how algorithms will work?
A procedure for solving a problem, often applicable to a class of equivalent problems.
A standard format for communicating and documenting software design.
Unified Modeling Language (UML)
What is known as the study of how humans give input to and receive output from a computer?
What is used to represent users in virtual reality?
A type of UML diagram that shows a class's attributes and methods.
Making a procedure available for general use so that programmers do not have to worry about the details within the procedure's algorithm.
The extent to which a computer interface can be used by all people or is limited by individual characteristic
A way of approaching problems; object-oriented, functional, and imperative paradigms are three major paradigms.
A problem with an algorithmic solution, stated broadly so that it applies to all equivalent situations.
What is the portion of the program will recognize the variable name, class, or function definition?
Recommended textbook explanations
Introduction to Algorithms
Charles E. Leiserson, Clifford Stein, Ronald L. Rivest, Thomas H. Cormen
John Buck, William Hayt
Introduction to the Theory of Computation
Computer Organization and Design MIPS Edition: The Hardware/Software Interface
David A. Patterson, John L. Hennessy
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