Mr. Wilson freshman history SLUH final
Terms in this set (124)
The Byzantine Empire was similar to the Western Roman Empire EXCEPT in its:
For many centuries, the most regular foes of the Byzantines were the:
The law code of Justinian:
A. Replaced all ancient Roman law
B. Became the foundation of law for most modern European nations
C. Quickly became a huge, bewildering mass
D. Was the first time laws had been written
E. Focused on practical civil law but not the science or philosophy of law
The corpus juris civilis includes the:
D. "Body of civil law"
E. All of these
All of the following statements regarding Byzantine education are true EXCEPT:
A. Among the literate public, history was a favorite subject
B. Literature was predominately Greek
C. Most scholars and lawyers spoke Latin
D. Much of modern mathematical thought was developed by Byzantines
E. Many masterpieces of ancient literature were preserved by Byzantines
In the tenth century, ____ was the greatest city in the Christian world.
During the reign of Diocletian, the Byzantine Empire was divided into geographical units called:
In 380, the emperor ____ made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire.
The development of canon law allowed the Christian Church:
A. Authority over secular matters
B. Authority over ecclesiastical matters
C. To adopt Arian theological beliefs
D. To control the Roman government
E. To end persecutions of Christians
The bishop of Rome claimed authority over other bishops on the basis that:
A. The apostle Peter lived and died in Rome and the bishops of Rome were his successors
B. The bishops of Rome shared in Christ's divine nature
C. The Nicene Creed was promulgated and approved in Rome
D. Christ had specified that the bishop of Rome should head his Church
E. The papacy was located in Rome
The controversy over icons in the Eastern Christian Church:
A. Had little impact beyond theology
B. Saw those who were "iconoclasts" call for people to worship holy images
C. Settled the issue of church-state relations in Byzantium
D. Led to further separation between Western Europe and Byzantium
E. Led to the destruction of all pagan icons
The success of the Benedictine form of monasticism was the result of its:
B. Balance between asceticism and activity
C. Appeal to women
D. Economic success
E. All of these
The word ____ derives from a Greek word meaning "universal":
According to legend, Saint ____ Christianized Ireland.
The base for the Christianization of the European continent began in 597 in:
The original meaning of barbaros, or barbarian, was:
A. One who was primitive, unruly, or savage
B. One who did not speak Greek
C. One who was not Christian
D. One who lived in Persia
E. One who wore animal skins
The basic Germanic social unit was the:
The most enduring Germanic kingdom was established by the Frankish chieftain:
D. Charles the Great
Charles Martel's defeat of Muslim invaders in 732 at the Battle of Poitiers increased the power of:
A. The Visigoths
B. The civitas
C. The Merovingians
D. The Carolingians
The Treaty of Verdun divided the Carolingian Empire into three parts that formed the precursor states of modern:
A. Germany, Czech Republic, and Hungary
B. Italy, Austria, and France
C. Germany, Belgium, and Poland
D. Austria, Germany, and Switzerland
E. Germany, France, and Italy
Who was the founder of Islam?
What is the holiest city of Islam?
What is the name of the person who calls the people to pray?
Pre-dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, evening
Identify the times of day when a Muslim prays.
An Islamic church
Where did Muhammad flee to in 622?
Towers around a mosque
Cairo, Córdoba, Baghdad
List the three Islamic caliphates.
Angel that appeared to Muhammad
Leader of an administrative center
Islamic term for a non-believer
Name the Muslim month in which fasting from dawn to sundown is practiced.
The notion of "Europe" during the Middle Ages:
A. Did not yet exist
B. Is how people living there defined the area
C. Refers to both a geographic region and a distinct culture
D. Refers to a specific geographic region only
E. Refers to a distinct culture only
All of the following occurred after the division of Charlemagne's empire EXCEPT:
A. The authority of great aristocratic families declined
B. Civil wars weakened the power and prestige of kings
C. Viking invasions weakened Royal authority
D. Common people looked to the local counts for protection
E. The local aristocracy became responsible for defense
A vassal is:
A. A powerful individual such as a lord
B. A slave
C. A knight
D. A house servant
E. A farming peasant
A fief was:
A. Payment from a peasant to a royal tax collector
B. The taking of land from one kingdom by another
C. A percentage of income given by all landowners to the church
D. The act of freeing a serf from obligations by a lord
E. Land exchanged between a lord and a knight
Feudalism was based on one's allegiance to:
A. A government
B. Another individual
C. A family
D. A country
E. A religious faith
Under manorialism, a peasant did all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Gave the lord a percentage of the annual harvest
B. Pay a fine to marry someone from outside the lord's estate
C. Pay a fine to inherit property
D. Lose his freedom and become a serf
E. Fight to protect the lord's estate in times of war
Under manorialism, the obligation of a lord to the serfs was:
E. All of these
The spread of the Vikings encompassed all the following regions EXCEPT:
D. The Black Sea
As a result of the invasions of the ninth and tenth centuries:
A. Manorialism disappeared
B. The development of feudalism was accelerated
C. Many Germans reconverted to pagan religions
D. Europe developed four centralized kingdoms
E. The Black Plague spread throughout northern Europe
Frederic Barbarossa tried unsuccessfully to unify:
The victor at the Battle of Hastings was:
A. Edward the Confessor
B. Richard III
C. Duke William of Normandy
D. Henry II
E. Philip II
In the twelfth century, England developed and came to be governed by ____ law.
The Magna Carta, the cornerstone of modern English law, was created out of the failures of:
A. Common law
B. King John
C. The practice of "trial by ordeal"
D. King Henry II
E. The Church's Fourth Lateran Council
The primary principle of the Magna Carta is that:
A. All Englishmen were created equal
B. All Englishmen, including the king, must obey the law
C. Laws could only be changed by popular consent of the people
D. All laws should be written and made public
E. All Englishmen, except those in the Church, must obey the law
For ordinary people in Europe during the Middle Ages:
A. Priests generally had little direct impact on their daily lives
B. The Church was the center of community life
C. No faith other than Christianity was allowed
D. Religious symbols and rituals were uncommon
E. Religion was generally a once-a-week responsibility
In 1095, the Pope who called for a Christian holy war against infidels was:
A. Gregory XII
B. Alexander II
C. Leo IX
D. Urban II
E. Benedict IX
The main reason for the success of the First Crusade was the Crusaders':
A. Religious zeal
B. Superior military technology
C. Cohesive leadership
D. Meticulous planning and preparation
E. Extensive geographic knowledge of the Middle East
All of the following statements regarding the Christian Crusades are true EXCEPT:
A. It included attacks on other Christians, which discredited the movement
B. There were eight papally approved expeditions in total
C. Jerusalem was captured in the Fourth Crusade
D. The Crusades occurred over nearly two centuries
E. They saw the destruction of the magnificent library of Constantinople
As a result of the Crusades:
A. Most trade routes between the Middle East and Europe were closed
B. Italian merchants were among those to suffer most economically
C. Significant intellectual links between Europe and Middle failed to develop
D. Europeans lost access to Middle Eastern luxury goods
E. The relations between Jews and Christians worsened considerably
In the Middle Ages, liberties meant:
A. The right to vote
B. Personal freedom
C. Special privileges
D. The rights of the nobility
The nobility in the Middle Ages:
A. Were free of all social obligations
B. Considered any violation of the code of chivalry as unforgivable
C. Acted as the governing body for the people who lived on their lands
D. Raised armies in times of war but did not personally fight
E. Spent most of their time engaged in military service
Medieval cities served, above all else, as:
A. Military outposts
B. Places of worship
C. Places of government
E. None of these
The Hanseatic League was:
A. A coalition of the southern Italian cities
B. Formed to combat heresy in Europe
C. Created to challenge Venice for control of trade with the east
D. A trading Union of Northern European cities
E. Dominated by Bavarian nobles
The Commercial Revolution resulted in all the following EXCEPT:
A. An increase in the overall volume of trade
B. A decline in the standard of living for most serfs
C. New alliances that would bring an end of feudal power
D. New taxes
E. More sophisticated business procedures
Saint Thomas Aquinas's most famous work is his:
A. Summa Theologica
B. Sic et Non
C. Summa Judices
D. History of the Church
E. Summa Contra Gentiles
Medieval universities featured all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Lectures as the standard method of teaching
B. The granting of bachelor's degrees
C. Difficult oral examinations given after several years of study
D. Professors who explained and interpreted readings
E. Students who relied mostly on memorization as paper was very costly
The Hundred Years' War pitted:
A. France against Spain
B. England against France
C. Spain against Germany
D. Germany against Italy
E. England against Spain
In large part because of the efforts of Joan of Arc, ____ won the Hundred Years' War.
By 800, approximately ____ percent of the European population were serfs.
By 1248, the last remaining Muslim stronghold in Spain was:
The most pressing chronic problem facing the Song Dynasty was:
A. Rapid population growth.
B. The collapse of the civil service examination system.
C. The presence of powerful tribal confederations on its frontiers.
D. The domination of civil government by the military.
E. Frequent political assassinations.
After the First Empire died:
A. The Legalists gained in power.
B. The Qin state collapsed.
C. The position of Emperor became a weak figurehead.
D. The nobility regained their traditional influence.
E. His heir established popular reforms.
Confucian scholars in the Han government:
A. Gave all of their economic wealth to the government.
B. Did not hold specific offices.
C. Felt their highest duty was to support the policies of the Emperor.
D. Saw criticism of the government as one of their duties.
E. Did not have to pay taxes.
According to the text, the great age of Chinese poetry was during:
A. The Han era.
B. The Age of Division.
C. The Sui era.
D. The Tang era.
E. The Qin era.
Chinese historians in the past generally viewed Chinese history as:
A. Being centered on the conflict with Japan.
B. Repeated cycles of dynastic birth, vigor, and decline.
C. As a history of uninterrupted progress.
D. A battle against a strong central state.
E. A struggle by ordinary people to make gains against the elites.
The population growth experienced by China between 800 and 1100, was encouraged by:
A. The expansion of rice cultivation in central and southern China.
B. The introduction of wheat cultivation in northern China.
C. Immigration from Southeast Asia.
D. Immigration of nomads from the steppes.
E. An improved understanding of diseases.
The ____ Dynasty ruled China from 960 to 1279.
The Japanese novel "The Tale of Genji":
A. Relates the events of the civil war.
B. Is set during the Mongol invasion.
C. Describes the life of a concubine in a small city.
D. Depicts court life in great detail.
E. Is an epic story of the creation of the Japanese people.
The samurai were:
A. Civilian military advisors in the emperor's court.
B. The Japanese merchant class.
C. The Japanese nobility.
D. Buddhist missionaries in Japan.
E. Skilled warriors in Japan.
Military rule in Japan emerged out of the combined development of a native warrior tradition and:
A. The impact of Muslim invasions.
B. The principles of duty to superiors.
C. The rise of a civil service class.
D. The influence of Mongol social institutions.
E. The influence of an aristocratic court.
Term for Central America and Mexico
Strings tied together to represent a message
Civilization that settled the Yucatan Peninsula
Mayan crop; also called corn
Main location for the Mississippian society
Place of Awe
The Mayan underworld
Largest Aztec city
Pizarro conquered the ____.
Cortes conquered the ____.
People that settled the western part of South America
Official language of the Inca
Mesoamerican leader that was killed by breaking of the neck and burning
Year of the Spanish arrival in South America
Mountain range of western South America
Geographic location of the Mayan settlement
The Aztec thought that the ____ of the body would please the gods.
The ____ ____ tried to convert the populace of Central and South America.
The Maya's masks were made of this precious metal
The Mayas used this material to build buildings
Various civilizations gave this metal to the Spaniards
The organization that developed in the towns and cities to help workers and educators
Phrase to refer to the crusades
Pope who called for the crusades
The political system that developed during the 800's
Who the Christians fought in the Crusades
Crusade in 1212
Year Magna Carta signed
Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu
Four islands of Japan
China to Western Asia
Silk Road connects
Chinese civil service system established during this dynasty
Founder of Daoism
Philosophy used by Chin to deal with educators.
Chinggis Khan, Khubilai Khan, Batu khan
Three main Mongol leaders
Loyalty, justice, humility, nobility, faith, defense, courage
Code of chivalry
emperor shogun diamyos samurai ronin peasants artisans merchants
Feudal pyramid in Japan
Muslims believe that
A) there are many gods
B) they worship the same God as Jews and Christians
C) religion should be divorced from politics
D) only by dying in jihad can heaven be attained
E) the NT is blasphemous
According to the Qu'ran, Muslims
A) can only marry once
B) should avoid commerce and trade
C) must participate in jihad to gain salvation
D) should punish sexual behavior by women
E) must abstain from alcohol and gambling
Muhammad died in
Persia is present day
The Islamic Holy Book
The earliest biography of Muhammad was written ___ years after his death
The Ka'ba attracted Pilgrims to
A) struggle against sin
B) communal struggle
C) holy war
D) Sixth pillar
E) All of these
Germanic tribes ascribing the worth of indivuals was
The organized structure of the Christian Church was based on
A) Teachings of Paul
B) boundaries between Germanic tribes
C) administrative divisions of Roman empire
D) reforms of St. Augustine
E) Promulgations of COnstantine
Five Pillars of Islam do not include
A) fasting and praying during Ramadan
B) Prayer five times a day
C) devoting five years as a missionary
D) pilgrimage to Mecca
E) contributions of alms to the poor
land, labor, capital
Factors of production
Baptism, Marriage, Funeral
three Church events in Middle Ages
Government in England
December 25th 800
Date of Charlemagne's crowning of emperor
Land left unattended
Parish priest bishop archbishop cardinals/Curia pope
Early organization of the church
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