Traditions and Encounters ch. 35
Terms in this set (37)
the term "lost generation" was coined by?
the writer whose "Decline of the West" proposed that European society had entered the final stage of its existence was?
attacked liberal Christian theology that embraced the idea of progress
in Karl Barth's "Epistle to the ROmans", he?
Erich Maria Remarque's
The author of All Quiet on the Western Front was?
Who wrote, "Man's historical experience has been one of steady failure, and there are no grounds for supposing it will be ever anything else"?
came under attack, especially science and technology.
in the years after World War I, the idea of progress?
the masses were destined to destroy the highest achievements of Western Society
in Jose Ortega y Gaset's "Revolt of the Masses", he points out that?
the most influential economist of the 20th century- fundamental cause of depression was not excessive supply, but inadequate demand
John Maynard Keynes?
Einstein's theory of special relativity
the notion that space and time are relative to the person measuring them was first articulated in?
it is impossible to specify simultaneously the position and velocity of a subatomic particle
in a purely scientific sense, the uncertainty principle proposes that?
it carried broader philosophical ramifications-called into question established notions of truth/violated law of cause and effect
Discoveries in physics added to the anxiety of the 1920s and 1930s because?
the father of psychoanalysis was?
sexual drives and fantasies
According to Freud, the root of neurotic behavior was?
heightened the aversion to visual realism- painters began to think of canvas not as a reproduction of reality, but as an end in itself
the spread of photography?
was: expressionists, cubists, abstractionists, dadaists, surrealists
which of the following groups was not one of the new artistic movements of the 20th century?
the painter who was influenced by the "primitive" art of Tahiti was?
European artists to take similar liberties with realism
the deliberate violation of perspective by Japanese artists influenced?
Picasso-African art forms, Gauguin-Tahiti, Ludwig Mies von der Rohe-modern architecture
which of the following was not an accurate match between artist/ artistic influence?
all artists were acknowledged to have a right to their own reality, and accepted standards of "good/bad" art disappeared
one of the biggest results of the artistic experimentation of the 1920s and 1930s was that?
featured simplicity of shape/extensive use of glass and always embodied that form must follow function
the work of Walter Gropius?
an institution that brought together architects, designers, and painters from several countries
the term Bauhaus is associated with?
overproduction and falling prices
a troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by?
at its lowest level in 400 years
by 1929, the price of a bushel of wheat was?
a wave of panic selling on the New York Stock Exchange caused stock prices to plummet
on Black Thursday, 24 October 1929?
at the lowest point of the Great Depression, what percentage of US banks were out of business?
experienced some economic difficulties- especially the ones who relied on imports from the US
During the Great Depression, most nations?
urged governments to play an active role and stimulate the economy by increasing the money supply
in response to the Great Depression, economist John Maynard Keynes?
was: legislation to prevent the collapse of banking system, provide jobs, give workers their rights to organize/bargain, guarantee minimum wages, provide social security at an old age
which of the following was not one of the chief actions of Roosevelt's New Deal?
Bolsheviks and Whites (Red and whites)
the Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution was between?
a policy of hasty and unplanned nationalization that the new Russian rulers embarked on- annulled private property, assumed control of banks, etc.
temporarily restored the market economy and some private enterprise to Russia
Lenin's New Economic Policy of 1921?
This individual believed in a philosophy of promoting communism primarily in the Soviet Union rather than trying to export the revolution to other nations?
replaced the NEP with a plan for rapid economic development- aims were to transform the USSR from a predominantly agricultural country to a leading industrial power
the First Five-Year Plan?
the term fascism was first used by?
deprived German Jews of their citizenship and prohibited marriage between Jews and other Germans
the 1935, Nuremberg Laws?
the official goal of the Nazi regime toward Jews in the period before World War II was?
the "night of broken glass"-the Nazi's arranged for the destruction of Jewish stores, synagogues, etc
the Kristallnacht was?