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132 terms

medical terminology

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the combining form of the first part of the large intestine
cec/o
pertaining to the abdomen
celiac
muscular wave movement to transport food through the digestive system
peristalsis
part of the tooth that contains a rich supply of nerves and blood vessels
pulp
gingiv/o
gums
buccal
cheek
high blood levels of a pigment released by the liver with bile
hyperbilirubinemia
carries bile into duodenum
common bile duct
enzyme to digest starch
amylase
chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
Crohn disease
rings of muscles
spincter
specialist in gums
periodontist
stomat/o means
mouth
cheil/o
labi/o
stone in salivary gland
sialadenolithiasis
membrane that connects part of the small intestine
mesentery
new opening from the large bowel to the surface of the body
colostomy
fats are improperly digested and appear in feces
steatorrhea
lack of appetite
anorexia
another term for jaundice
icterus
esophageal varices are
swollen twisted veins
abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ such as the intestine
diverticula
telescoping of the intestines
intussusception
difficulty in swallowing
dysphagia
white plaques on the mucosa of the mouth
oral leukoplakia
third part of the small intestine
ileum
organ under the stomach: produces insulin and enzymes
pancreas
first part of the large intestine
cecum
small sac under the liver; stores bile
gallbladder
tube connecting the throat to the stomach
esophagus
large intestine
colon
first part of the small intestine
duodenum
throat
pharynx
lapar/o and celi/o
abdomen
gloss/o and lingu/o
tongue
or/o and stomat/o
mouth
labi/o and cheil/o
lip
enlargement of liver
hepatomegaly
study of the cause of disease
etiology
incision of the common bile duct
choledochostomy
surgical repair of the roof of the mouth
palatoplasty
after meal
postprandial
new opening between the common bile duct and the jejunum
choledochojejunostomy
inflammation of the appendix
appendicitis
inflammation of the membrane around the abdomen
peritonitis
inflammation of the large intestine
colitis
inflammation of the gallbladder
cholecystisis
inflammation of the salivary gland
sialadenitis
inflammation of the small and large intestines
enterocolitis
inflammation of the liver
hepatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
pancreatitis
inflammation of the of the mouth
stomatitis
inflammation of the gums
gingivitis
inflammation of the third part of the large intestine
ileitis
swollen twisted veins in the rectal region
hemorrhoids
chronic liver disease resulting of alcoholism and malnutrition
cirrhosis
failure of peristalsis
ileus
calculus in the sac that stores bile
cholecystolithiasis
sore or lesion of the mucous membrane in the stomach or duodenum
ulcer
painful inflamed intestines often caused by bacterial infection
dysentery
inflammation of the liver caused by type a type b or c virus
hepatitis
chronic inflammation of the large bowel with ulcers
ulcerative colitis
abnormal side pockets in the intestinal wall
diverticula
group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress but with no inflammation
irritable bowel syndrome
bright fresh red blood in stools
hematochezia
abnormal accumalation of fluid in the stomach
ascites
loose watery stools
diarrhea
gas expelled from the anus
flatus
discharge of fat in feces
steatorrhea
membrane that holds intestines together
mesentery
pertaining to under the tongue
sublingual
high levels of pigment in the blood (jaundice)
hyperbilirubinemia
new connection between two previously unconnected tubes
anastomosis
physical process of breaking down large fat globules into smaller parts
emulsification
salivary gland near the ear
parotid
swallowing
deglutition
small substances that are produced when protein is digested
amino acids
pigment released by the liver in bile
bilirubin
soft inner tissue within a tooth containing nerves and blood vessels
pulp
tiny microscopic projections in the walls of the small intestine
villi
rhythm like contractions of the tubes of the alimentary tract
peristalsis
hormone produced by the endocrine cells in the pancreas
insulin
this tube carries bile from the liver and gallbladder into the duodenum
common bile duct
small nipple like elevations in the tongue
papillae
simple sugar
glucose
substance produced by the stomach and necessary for digestion of foods
hydrochloric acid
ring of muscle distal to the stomach
pyloric sphincter
large fat molecules
triglycerides
bright fresh blood from the rectum
hematochezia
rumbling or gurgling of the stomach produced by the movement of gas or fluid
borborygmus
difficulty in swallowing
dysphagia
inflammation and degeneration of the gums
periodontal disease
twisting of the intestine upon itself
volvulus
small benign growths protrude from the mucous membrane of the large intestine
colonic polyposis
telescoping of the intestines
intussusception
solids and fluids returning to the mouth from the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease
gallbladder calculi
cholecysloliathiasis
sore or lesion of the mucous membrane of the first part of the small intestines
peptic ulcer
painful inflamed intestines
dysentery
swollen torturous veins in the distal portion of the tube connecting the throat to the stomach
esophageal varices
inflammation of a gland behind the stomach
pancreatitis
chronic inflammation of the large bowel with open sores of mucous membrane
ulcerative colitis
chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
Crohns disease
FAILURE OF PERISTALSIS
ILEUS
inflammation of the mouth with open sores
aphthous stomatitis
tooth decay
dental caries
ileus
intestinal obstruction
polyposis
abnormal condition of polyps
dysentary
abnormal painful intestines
gallbladder resection
cholecystectomy
pertaining to the bile
biliary
failure of the muscles in the lower esophagus to relax
achalasia
nutrition is given other than through the intestine
parenteral
new opening between two previously unconnected tubes
anastomosis
jejunum
second part of the small intestine
pharynx
the throat
sigmoid colon
s shaped portion of the large bowel
duodenum
first part of the small intestine
cecum
second part of the small intestine
ileitis
inflammation of the third part of the small intestine
sialolithiasis
abnormal condition of salivary stones
proctologist
one who studies the anus and rectum
gluconeogenesis
formation of new sugar from fats and protein
major tissue composing teeth
dentin
passage of materials through billi in blood
absorption
process of breaking up large fat globules
emulsification
substance produced when fats are digested
fatty acids
starch stored sugar
glycogen
simple sugar
glucose
blood vessel bringing blood to the liver
portal vein
chemical produced by stomach to aid digestion
hydrochloric acid
hormone produced by the pancreas
insulin