30 terms

World History - Unit 3

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Terms in this set (...)

peninsulares
In Spanish colonial society, this was a colonist who was born in Spain
creoles
In Spanish colonial society, this was a colonist who was born in Latin America to Spanish parents
mestizos
a person of mixed Spanish and Native American
mulattos
a person of mixed European and African ancestry
conservative
In the first half of the 19th century, this was a mainly a wealthy landowner who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe
liberal
In the first half of the 19th century, this was a mainly a middle class business leader who wanted to give political power to elect politicians
radical
In the first half of the 19th century, these were Europeans who favored drastic change to extend democracy to all people
nationalism
the belief that people should be loyal to their nation and the those that they share a culture with
crop rotation
the system of growing a different field each year to preserve the fertility of the land
industrialization
the development of industries for the machine production of goods
factors of production
the resources including land, labor, capital that are needed to produce goods and services
strike
to refuse to work in order to force an employer to meet certain demands
laissez faire
the idea that government should not interfere with or regulate industries and business
capitalism
an economic system in which the factors of production are privately owned and money is invested in business ventures to make a profit
Utilitarianism
People should judge ideas, institutions, and actions on the basis of their utility or usefulness. Government should produce the greatest good for the greatest number of people
Socialism
the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare for all
communism
an economic system in which all means of production: land, mines, factories, railroads, and businesses are owned by people.Private property does not exist
What were the factors that contributed to industrialization in Britain?
Some of the factors were: a large population, natural resources, an expanding economy, political stability, water power and coal, iron ore, rivers for inland transportation and harbors for merchants to set sail
What factors led to the United States technological boon?
The factors that led to the US technological boon were: a wealth of natural resources, a burst of inventions, and a swelling urban population
How did the technological revolution prove to be a mixed blessing for women?
The technological revolution was a mixed blessing because the factory work offered higher wages than work done at home. But women made only one-third as much money as men did
Simon Bolivar
This revolutionary leader from Venezuela was known as the George Washington of South America.
Jose de San Martin
He was an Argentinean revolutionary leader who liberated Argentina, Chile, and Peru
Jose Maria Morelos
He led Mexican rebels against the Spanish after Miguel Hidalgo in 1811
Miguel Hidalgo
This priest from Dolores issued the call fro rebellion in Mexico
Louis Napoleon
He won the French presidential election in 1848, and four years later, took the title of emperor. He built railroads, encouraged industrialization, and promoted am ambitious program of public works
Alexander ll
He was a Russian Czar who decided to move Russia towards modernization and social change; believed that his reforms would allow Russia to compete with western Europe for world power
Jethro Tull
He was one of the first scientific farmers; invented a seed drill that allowed farmers to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths so that a larger share of seeds took root, boosting crop yields
Eli Whitney
He was an American who invented the Cotton Gin, which multiplied the amount of cotton that could be cleaned
Adam Smith
He defended the idea of a free economy, or free markets, in his 1776 book The Wealth of Nations. He felt that economic liberty guaranteed economic progress and that government should not interfere
Karl Marx
He was a German journalist who co-wrote The Communist Manifesto , which introduced the world to a radical type of socialism called Marxism