Social Studies final
Terms in this set (53)
What was the first government of the US?
articles of confederation
What were the weaknesses of the articles of confederation?
-most powers held by states
-one branch of government
-legislative branch has few powers
-no executive branch
-no judicial branch
-no system of check and balances
What were the strengths of the constitution?
-most power held by national governent
-three branches of government
-legislative branch has many powers
-executive branch led by president
-judicial branch to review the laws
-firm system of checks and balances
What are the first 10 amendments called?
the Bill of rights
What is the system that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Checks and balances
What is a set of basic principles that determines powers and duties of a government?
Who promised to add a bill of rights to the US constitution?
What is the term for a person born in another country who becomes a citizen of the US?
What are powers granted to the states called?
What is the permission to look for evidence of a crime in a particular location called?
Who was the first female Supreme Court justice?
Sandra Day O' Connor
Which act of 1789 established the structure of the federal court system and its relationship to state courts?
The Judiciary Act of 1789
Which acts protected the US from traitors?
Alien and Sedition Acts
As president, what were the decisions that Washington was able to establish that served as examples for later action?
Farmers in western Pennsylvania protested taxes in which rebellion?
What was created in order to strengthen the US economy?
Bank of the United States
The war of 1812 ended soon after the US victory over the British at?
Battle of new Orleans (a fort)
Which president won the election of 1800 and became the 3rd president of the U.S.?
What is the power of the Supreme court to declare acts of congress unconstitutional called?
After US neutrality was violated, what did the US issue against trade with foreign nations?
In 1803, Congress approved which land purchases which added former French territory in the West to the US?
the Lousiana Purchase
Who was the president of the US during the Era of Good Feelings?
Why did the United States and Great Britain agree to occupy the Northwest Pacific together?
because both were interested in the valuable fur trade in the Oregon Country.
What did the Monroe doctrine state?
- 1. The United States would not interfere in the affairs of European nations.
- 2. The United States would recognize, andnot interfere with, European colonies that already existed in North and South America.
- 3. The Western Hemisphere was to be off-limits to future colonization by any foreign power.
- 4. The United States would consider any European power's attempt to colonize or interfere with nations in the West-ern Hemisphere to be a hostile act.
What did Henry Clay propose regarding Missouri's statehood?
The Missouri Compromise= Missouri would go in the US as a slave state, main would join as a free state, Slavery would be prohibited in any new territories formed north of Missouri's southern border.
What is Washington Irving known for?
He was the first to gain international fame and his writing celebrated america in a humorous way.
What was the Oregon trail?
a challenging trail settlers took to get to Oregon country (2,000 miles long)
Why did Texas offer land grants to settlers?
because they were trying to colonize Texas and make it part of Mexico
What was manifest destiny?
the belief that the U.S. should own all territory between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
How did some people hope to solve the problem of California's isolation from the rest of the country?
The Californians built onto the railroad, stretching it all the way to California.
What does to abolish mean?
to but an end to (abolition end of slavery)
What contribution did William Lloyd Garrison make to the abolition movement?
William Lloyd Garrison published an abolitionist newspaper called The Liberator
What was the American Colonization Society's plan?
to return free African Americans to Liberia
How did the Underground Railroad work?
arranging transportation and hiding places for fugitives, or escaped slaves.
Why did Harriet Tubman get involved with the underground railroad?
Harriet Tubman escaped via the Underground Railroad leaving her family behind. so she got involved so she can get the rest of her family thru safely
What action did Congress take to bloke abolition?
Congress implemented the "gag rule" which prohibited members of Congress from discussing anti-slavery petitions they received.
What effect did the debate over slavery produce in the country?
it increased divisions between groups or regions of the country.
What role did Sojourner Truth play in both the abolition and women's rights movements?
She constantly lectured about abolition and women's rights. She showed how the two issues were related and why all people should be free.
How did the abolition movement influence the women's right movement?
As women became active in the reform movement for abolition, they learned how to organize, how to lead, and how to work together. They felt that they, too, should have equal rights to men and should be able to vote, sit on juries and own property.
What limitation on Woman's rights did activists find unacceptable?
Many activists thought that women should be able to vote, to sit on juries and to own and control their own property.
Why did many American's oppose equal rights for women?
Some women believed that they were not treated as un-equals; rather, they were just treated differently. Others believed that women should be able to speak out for reform, but only from their own homes, not in public. Others thought that women lacked the physical or mental strength to survive without men's protection.
Who were the three main leaders of the women's rights movements?
Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton
What was the purpose of Seneca Falls?
to get the word out there by having the first public meeting about women's rights held in the United States.
What was the purpose of the declaration of Sentiments?
to call upon women to organize and petition to gain the rights and privileges that they were denied.
What event triggered the war between the union and the confederacy?
the Confederate attacked fort sumter
How did women take part in the war?
Woman raised money served in Us sanitary commission served as nurses
In what ways were the armies of the North and the South unprepared for war?
shortage of supplies, inexperienced troops
Why did men volunteer to fight in the war?
men volunteered for: glory, patriotism, action, loyalty
What does reconstruction mean?
Reuniting and rebuilding nation after the Civil war
What is the 13th Amendment?
13th= slavery illegal in US
What was the contribution of the Freedmen's Bureau?
Education and educated workforce
Why was Lincoln killed?
Booth opposed Lincoln policies
Why did some American's oppose President Johnson's Reconstruction plan?
New reps from south were confederate leaders
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