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learning words

The beginning of true language in babies occurs when they start

an obstacle to solving a problem

Functional fixedness can become

the population that seems to apply to the problem

The representatives heuristic helps people make decisions based on

combine symbols in original, grammatically correct ways

Most psychologists argue that chimpanzees cannot truly speak a language because the animals cannot

all of the above are closely related to language

what type of thinking is most closely related to language

the language acquisition device

a person's inborn tendency to acquire a language is known as

incorrectly use words that they had used correctly before

Young children who have just learned grammar rules often

divergent thinking

creative problem solving involves

the algorithm

the most reliable approach to solving a problem is

increases children's expertise in their native language

Studies suggest bilingualism


the mental activity involved in communicating information is

try to talk about more things than they have words for

Young children often exhibit the behavior of overextension, in which they

helping a person visualize the best course of action

A balance sheet may help in solving a problem by

during early childhood

Psychologists believe that a second language is most easily learned

picture a specific example of the concept

Prototypes make concepts easier to understand by allowing us to

confirmation bias

in inductive reasoning, the tendency to prove the hypotheses correct is known as

trying an approach that was successfully used with a similar problem

a person's "mental set" tends to make him or her solve problems by

do all of the above

people tend to be overconfident of their reasoning because they

all of the above

A morpheme generally consists of

can still never be sure that it is true in all cases

after scientists collect information to support a theory, they

involved all of the above

psychologist Louis Thurstone believed that a person's intelligence

the seven intelligences described by Howard Gardner

Sensitivity to other people's feelings and the ability to respond to them appropriately are components of

was made up of two main factors

Psychologist Charles Spearman believed that intelligence

spatial reasoning ability

Studies have shown that musical ability maybe linked to

assumed that intelligence increased with age

Alfred Binet designed his aptitude tests for children of different age levels because he

between 90 and 110

About half of the people who take the Wechsler tests score

do all of the above

Intelligence involves the ability to

identify people with very low and very high IQs

One of the main purposes of intelligence tests is to

analytical, creative, and practical abilities

Robert Sternberg's model of intelligence includes

do all of the above

Mildly retarded adults are often able to

a bell curve

The distribution of IQ scores on a graph look like

severely retarded

Constant supervision and care is required for people who are

all of the above

mental retardation is caused by

verbal and performance skills

The Wechsler scales consist of subtests that measure

identical twins

Kinship studies have shown that the groups with the most similar IQ scores were

influence the development of a child's intelligence

The home environment and styles of parenting

do all of the above

The Seattle Study found that intelligence can be maintained among older adults if they

biological parents

Most adoptee studies show that the IQs of adopted children are more like those of their

do all of the above

Graduates of Head Start centers are more likely to


About half of psychologists surveyed believe that the difference in IQ scores among people are the result of both the environment and

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