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Joints

STUDY
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The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the ________.
A) hands
B) feet
C) arms
D) hands and the feet
B) feet
Which of the following are cartilaginous joints?
A) Sutures
B) Syndesmoses
C) Synchondroses
D) Gomphoses
C) Synchondroses
What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane called?
A) abduction
B) inversion
C) dorsiflexion
D) adduction
A) abduction
The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints.
T/F
True
On the basis of structural classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?
A) pivot
B) symphysis
C) synchondrosis
D) syndesmosis
D) syndesmosis
Which of the following is NOT a structural feature of synovial joints?
A) reinforcing ligaments
B) bone ends united by fibrocartilage
C) a fluid-filled joint cavity
D) bone ends covered with hyaline cartilage
B) bone ends united by fibrocartilage
Using the structural classification, what type of joint is the epiphyseal plate?
A) fibrous joint
B) cartilaginous joint
C) synarthrotic joint
D) amphiarthrotic joint
B) cartilaginous joint
Functional classification of joints is based on ________.
A) the size of the joint
B) whether a joint cavity is present
C) the location of the joint
D) the amount of movement allowed by the joint
D) the amount of movement allowed by the joint
Which of the following refers to a joint that is immovable?
A) synarthrosis
B) synovial
C) amphiarthrosis
D) diarthrosis
A) synarthrosis
Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to ________.
A) form the synovial membrane
B) provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
C) attach tendons
D) produce red blood cells (hemopoiesis)
B) provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
Which of the following does NOT represent a structural classification of joints?
A) cartilaginous
B) diarthrosis
C) fibrous
D) synovial
B) diarthrosis
In the classification of joints, which of the following is true?
A) All synovial joints are freely movable.
B) In cartilaginous joints, a joint cavity is present.
C) Immovable joints are called amphiarthroses.
D) Synarthrotic joints are slightly movable.
A) All synovial joints are freely movable.
The hip joint is a good example of a(n) ________ synovial joint.
A) uniaxial
B) biaxial
C) multiaxial
D) nonaxial
C) multiaxial
Which of the following is a true statement regarding gliding movements?
A) Gliding movements are multiaxial.
B) Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
C) Gliding movements allow flexibility of the upper limbs.
D) An example of a gliding movement is nodding one's head.
B) Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
Which of the following is CORRECTLY paired?
A) biaxial joint: permits movement in one plane and around one axis
B) multiaxial movement: movement in all three planes and around all three axes
C) uniaxial joint: permits only slipping or gliding movements
D) nonaxial movement: no movement
B) multiaxial movement: movement in all three planes and around all three axes
In a sprain, the ________ of a joint are stretched or torn.
A) tendons
B) ligaments
C) muscles
D) bones
B) ligaments
The shoulder and hip are examples of ________.
A) hinge joints
B) condylar joints
C) pivot joints
D) plane joints
E) ball-and-socket joints
E) ball-and-socket joints
Pointing the toes is an example of ________.
A) pronation
B) protraction
C) plantar flexion
D) circumduction
C) plantar flexion