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16 terms

Digestive Enzymes

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hydrolytic enzyme
enzyme that catalyzes a reaction in which the substrate is broken down by the addition of water
lipase
pancreatic enzyme that breaks fats into fatty acids and glycerol
maltase
enzyme produced in small intestine that breaks down maltose
nuclease
enzyme produced by pancreas and small intestine that hydrolyzes DNA and RNA into their component nucleotides
nucleosidases
an enzyme in the small intestine that breaks down nucleotides into the base, sugar and phosphate
pancreatic amylase
enzyme from pancreas that breaks down starch to maltose
pepsin
an enzyme in the stomach that breaks down protein into peptides
pepsinogen
inactive enzyme precursor of pepsin, becomes pepsin when it comes in contact with hydrochloric acid
peptidases
enzymes that split peptides into amino acids, found attached to surface of microvilli membrane in small intestine
ph
measure of how acidic or basic a solution is; the scale ranges from below 0 to above 14; solution with pH above 7 is basic and a pH below 7 is acidic
product
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
salivary amylase
an enzyme in saliva that breaks starch into smaller particles and eventually into the disaccharide maltose
site of action
the place in your body where the enzyme action takes place
site of production
the glandular source of the enzyme
substrate
the reactant on which an enzyme works
trypsin
enzyme in pancreatic juice that breaks down protein molecules into peptides