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Basic Mathematics
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Terms in this set (32)
Addition
An operation in which we combine two numbers to make a larger one.
Subtraction
An operation taking one number away from another.
Multiplication
An operation used for the shortening of repeated addition
Division
An operation in which we make parts out of a number, which are equal
Sum
The result of adding two or more numbers.
Difference
the answer to a subtraction problem
Product
the result of multiplying
Quotient
The result when one number is divided by another.
Remainder
An amount left after a division
Index
It says how many times to use the number in a multiplication.
Prime number
A whole number that has exactly two factors, 1 and itself.
H.C.F.
Highest common factor
L.C.M.
Least Common Multiple
Fraction
A number that represents part of a whole or part of a set
Numerator
the top number in a fraction
Demominator
the bottom number in a fraction
Proper fraction
a fraction with a numerator smaller than the denominator
Improper fraction
a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator
Decimal
based on the number ten; a decimal fraction like.5 or .008
Recurring decimal
A decimal number that has digits that repeat forever.
reciprocal
one of a pair of numbers whose product is 1: the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2
Exponent
A notation of how many times to multiply a number by itself
consecutive
following in order
dividend
the number that is being divided
divisor
the number that divides the dividend
divisible
able to be divided
A whole number that can divide evenly into another number without a remainder.
double
two times to the original amount
odd numbers
an integer that is not divisible by 2
even numbers
Numbers we say when we count by two's
integers
All whole numbers (both positive and negative) and zero.
whole numbers
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ... (and so on)
natural numbers
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ... (and so on)
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