Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Homelessness and Crime
Terms in this set (29)
What were the three aims of the 1834 Poor Law
Reduce costs of looking after the poor, take beggars off the street and encourage poor people to work hard to support themselves
What did the Vagrancy Removal Costs Act 1700 do?
Shift the expense of removing vagrants from the parish to the county
What did the VRCA 1700 encourage?
Redefine paupers as vagrants in order to transfer the costs of support and removal to the county
What did the Vagrancy Act of 1744 do?
Provide the legal framework for the policing and punishment of vagrants
The five shilling reward for the capture of a vagabond was inneffective, why was this?
The attitude of the wider populace was in favour of the beggars and prostitutes over the constables and watchmen
Why was the wider populace on the side of the vagabonds?
there was a number of cases of death at the hands of the police where poverty was self-evident
What did the Vagrancy Act of 1824 do?
It made sleeping on the streets a criminal offence worthy of a level 3 fine (£1000)
What is statuotory homelessness?
Those that are at great risk of losing their current accomodation or are unable to continue living there
What duty does the local housing authorities have regarding statuotory homelessness?
To evaluate and protect people considered to be in the bracket of statuotory homelessness
What did the Homeless Persons Act 1977 and Housing Act 1996 do?
It placed duties on the local housing authorities to ensure that those who are either homeless or threatened with homelessness are entitled to free advice and assisstance
Who comes under the 'priority needs groups' according to the Homelessness Act 2002?
Houses with dependent children/pregnant woman, the mentally ill, 16-17 year olds, 18-20 year olds previously in care and those who are vulnerable because of time spent in care, custody or abusive households that resulted in fleeing
Define rough sleepers?
People sleeping, or about to bed down, in an open air area or in a desolate habitation not designed for sleeping
Under the Homelessness Act 2002, what plan must the local housing authorities have?
A plan to prevent homelessness that takes into account people beyond the 'priority needs group.'
Define 'homeless prevention'
Concerned with empowering people with the means to address their housing needs and any other needs concerning homelessness
Define 'homeless relief'
Helping a homeless person, who is beyond the call of duty, to secure accomodation
What are the three main powers designed by the Anti-Social behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014?
Civil injunctions, Dispersal Powers and Public Spaces Protection Order (PSPO)
What are Civil injunctions?
For the repeated offense of low-level anti-social behaviour, agencies may apply for an Injunction to Prevent Nuisance and Annoyance (IPNA), which prohibits the offender from engaging in certain behaviour and requires them to engage in a particular activity to address the underlying causes of this behaviour
What are Dispersal powers?
Section 35 of the 2014 Act permits police officers to disperse a group of individuals causing, or likely to cause, anti-social behaviour from a public space for up to 48 hours. If this is not properly followed, the offender is liable for a Level 4 fine (£2,500) or 3 months incarceration
What are Public Spaces Protection Orders (PSPO)
They impose restrictions on what activities may be carried out in a designated area
According to Liberty, a Human Rights organisation, what is the problem with PSPOs?
They "don't alleviate hardship on any level. They are blunt instruments which fast-track so-called 'offenders' into the criminal justice system."
What is the other argument against PSPOs?
They displace homeless people away from areas with vital support services
Name some other deterrent measures?
Spikes, curved/segregated benches, gated doorways and night security guards
A Crisis survey, in the summer of 2016, of over 450 people in homeless services found that ...
60% of respondents reported an increase in 'defensive architecture' and 35% of respondents reported being unable to find anywhere to sleep because of this 'defensive architecture.'
According to a survery called Hidden Homelessness conducted by Sheffield Halla, university, what were the reasons for committing a minor crime?
30% of respondents committed a minor crime, such as shoplifting or anti-social behaviour, in the hope of being put in custody
How many, and why, did women take up 'sex work?'
20% of women took up 'sex work' because this offered them a place to sleep
How many, and why, did respondents of the Hidden Homelessness commit imprisonable offences?
20% of respondents avoided being given bail or committed an imprisonable offence in order to temporarily fix their housing problem
According to Crisis, how many homeless people use drugs and alcohol, and why?
41% of homeless people use drugs and alcohol to cope with mental health, housing and health problems
How much higher are the rates of substance abuse for homeless people in comparison to the general public?
What is the capital of equatorial guinea?
Sets with similar terms
Health Trends, Issues, and Concerns in the Nationa…
GCSE Edexcel 9-1 Crime and Punishment Through Time…
Midterm Quiz 1 Social Work