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Thought that people are naturally selfish and violent, government is need to keep order, and conflict is part of human nature (Leviathan)
state of nature
the hypothetical condition of people living together in society, the basis of natural right philosophy
change in the ways of thinking about the physical world (16th and 17th centuries)
French mathematician, relied on math and logic, "I think therefore I am". He and Francis Bacon are credited for creating the Scientific Method
divine right of kings
the idea that monarchs are God;s representatives on earth and are therefore answerable only to God
a logical procedure for gathering information and testing ideas that involves the use of hypotheses, experimentation, and observation
a term created by thomas Hobbes to describe and agreement where people give up their individual rights in exchange for the law and order provided by government
French philosopher and writer, wrote the social contract (people would have a direct democracy, everyone would and could vote)
English politician and writer who believed science could help people live more comfortable lives and better understand the world around them. helped create the scientific method
french philosopher and author, lasting contribution is the separation of power in government
Italian astronomer who invented telescope, Catholic church turned against him and put him on life-long house arrest
Spirit of Laws
written by Montesquieu about the three branches of government and that different countries need different laws.
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