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as a child develops its neurons grow in size ad the number of dendrites and axons increase
Sensory and perceptual development
smell, taste, touch, and hearing are well developed at birth, vision is poorly developed at birth
children usually don't form long-term memories until 3 1/2 years, yet they may retain unconscious memory
stage two, uses words and images to represent the world, don't necessarily have logic
the pupil shrinking and lens become less transparent, immune system slowly weakens, speed of neural processing decreases, women: menopause around 50, Men: gradual decline in virility
crystallized intelligence increase with age, fluid intelligence decrease with age, working memory remains relatively stable until 65yrs.
The point of smell
nice to have, identify different gender, trigger for memory, good for productivity, danger
response to behaviorism, behavior explained on the basis of internal factors, learning is more than performance, we are active learners and out thoughts matter
natural (unconditioned) stimulus/response: situation, UCS & UCR, consistently pair the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) with something else (natural stimulus) acquisition happens, remove the original unconditioned stimulus (UCS), the new conditioned stimulus (CS)will produce the same result (CR=UCR)
Learning application: Systematic Desensitization
a theory technique to replace anxiety responses with relaxation responses
explains learning as a process in which behavior is shaped and maintained by consequences
used to increase behavior, positive: add something good to increase the behavior, negative: Remove something bad to increase behavior
used to decrease behavior, positive: Add something bad to decrease the behavior, negative: remove something good to decrease the behavior
continuous reinforcement , partial reinforcement, fixed ratio and interval, variable ratio and interval, ratio is better than intervals
Process of operant conditioning
specify desired behavior, identify effective reinforce, continually reinforce desired behavior, slowly move the continuous to partial reinforcement
Operant Conditioning: Shaping
technique were rewards are used to gradually guide behavior toward desired goal
Learning application: behavioral modification
associating desired behaviors with positive associations
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