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GA History Final Exam (Chapter 7)
Terms in this set (51)
What is the most numerous of all governments in the United States?
cities, counties, special-purpose governments
What are three types of local governments?
How many counties does Georgia have?
What is the only state that has more counties than Georgia?
Which type of government is closest to the people of the state of Georgia?
Counties were first formed in Georgia following what event?
City and county governments are both examples of what?
Georgia's Constitution of 1777
The authorization to create counties for the purpose of carrying out state laws and programs originally came from what?
The power and authority belonging to Georgia counties comes from what?
help carry out the state programs
The primary role of counties in the state of Georgia is what?
city and county government
What are two forms of local governments in Georgia?
What level of government is responsible for providing fire and police protection to Georgia citizens?
board of commissioners
What is the main governing authority in most Georgia counties?
elected by the voters
Within the state of Georgia, county commissioners come to office by being what?
enforce the law
What is the responsibility of the sheriff within counties?
maintain all court records
What is the job of the superior court?
issue marriage licenses
What is a responsibility of the judge of the probate court?
establishes the budget
What does the board of commissioners do?
An area of the county that is not included in any city boundary is what?
What is a bill or local law?
The city or town where the county government is located is what?
A subdivision of the state set up to carry out certain governmental functions is what?
What is a local self-government?
What are groups that help local governments with services that they may not be able to staff themselves?
A long-term loan that is repaid by the revenue received from fees for the use of the facilities or services provided by the local independent authority?
local independent authority
A special-purpose government that generates its own financing through revenue bonds in what?
A written document that gives a municipality the authority to exist and function is what?
What is a form of municipal government in which the elected city council has more power than the mayor?
What is an informal statement of opinion?
What is a form of municipal government in which the elected mayor is the city chief executive office and is responsible for seeing that the city's laws are carried out and its city departments do their jobs?
What is a city of municipality?
A form of local government created for a particular purpose or a particular area of service.
A form of municipal government in which voters elect a city council, which enacts city ordinances and sets the city's policies and hires a city manager responsible for the day-to-day operations of the city.
Describes a municipality created by the legislature.
the city must have at least 200 residents, at least 60% of the land area must be divided into tracts, the city must be three of more miles from the boundaries of the nearest city
What requirements are necessary in order to obtain a city charter from the state legislature?
the mayor makes sure the departments do their jobs, council is responsible for making laws, mayor serves as chief executive officer
What are 3 descriptions of a strong-mayor-council of city government?
mayor may be appointed or elected, city council establishes law and policies, city manager oversees the day-to-day operations of city government
What are 3 descriptions of a council-manager form of city government?
Within Georgia city governments, which fills the role of legislative branch?
What level of government is best suited to run a local school district?
running a school system
What purpose would a special-purpose government most likely be used?
school districts, Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority, Atlanta Housing Authority
What are 3 examples of special-purpose governments?
What type of government is the mayor also a member of the city council?
the city manager oversees the day-to-day operations of the city
What accurately describes a manager-council form of government?
the city council has both executive and legislative power
What accurately describes a weak-mayor council form of government?
the mayor has veto power and prepares the budget
What accurately describes a strong-mayor council form of government?
In what type of city government does the city council have both executive and legislative power?
In what type of city government is the mayor of figure head with no real executive power
In what type of city government does the mayor have the power to veto legislation?
In what type of city government does a city manager oversee day-to-day operation of the city?
both can collect taxes, both provide public health services, both provide police and fire protection
What are 3 things that are true both city and county governments in Georgia?
Georgia General Assembly
The power and authority for cities in Georgia to exist and function comes from what?
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