Unit 7 study guide !

Who was Fidel Castro and why was he viewed as a threat by the United States?
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Terms in this set (63)
Medicaid and MedicareMedicaid is a health care program that assists low-income families or individuals Medicare is the federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or olderEnvironmentalismconcern about and action aimed at protecting the environment.Understanding the controversy surrounding The Great SocietyThe big government it would be expensive it would raise taxes and the federal gov into areas which reserved only states and local govEngel v VitaleA Supreme Court case that ruled that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose school prayers or encourage recitation in public schoolsMapp v Ohiomapp v Ohio a case were the Supreme Court had to detrime if the fourth amendment right was violated when police officers entered a home with no warrantMiranda v ArizonaMiranda had been questioned, had confessed, and had signed a written statement without being told that he had a right to a lawyer his confession was used at triaGideon v Wainwrightrequires the states to provide defense attorneys to criminal defendants charged with serious offenses who cannot afford lawyers themselvesChapter 50Understand the causes and outcomes of the First Indochina WarThe First Indochina War began in French Indochina on 19 December 1946 and lasted until 1 August 1954. Fighting between French forces and their Viet Minh opponents in the South dated from September 194Vietminha member of the communist guerrilla movement in Vietnam that fought the South Vietnamese government forces 1954-75 with the support of the North Vietnamese army and opposed the South Vietnamese and US forces in the Vietnam War.Domino Theorythe theory that a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries, like a falling domino causing an entire row of upended dominoes to fall.Geneva Accordsarranged a settlement which brought about an end to the First Indochina War.Viet Congan active revolt or uprising.Insurgencyan active revolt or uprising.Understand the Gulf of Tonkin incidentThe Gulf of Tonkin incident, also known as the USS Maddox incident, drew the United States more directly into the Vietnam War. It involved two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of TonkinGulf of Tonkin Resolutionwas a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964, in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incidenHow/Why did Johnson "Americanize" the Vietnam War?The decision to introduce American combat troops to the Vietnam WarChapter 51How did the geography of Vietnam make war a difficulty?the climate was like swampy and gave them effects in the foot etcNVANVA, as it was generally known by Americans and South Vietnamese, in this effortWhat is Agent Orange and why did US forces use it?Agent Orange is a herbicide and defoliant chemical. It is widely known for its use by the U.S. military as part of its herbicidal warfare program destroy enemy cropsUnderstand the guerilla war tactics used by the Viet Congwhich a small group of combatants such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tacticsWar of attrition strategyAttrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.Why didn't US leader pursue a total war?we didn't want to cause any more problems and american was already losing their own supporters and the war they was not already supportedHow/why did the United States attempt to win the support of the people of South Vietnam?So the full Vietnam would not fall to communismWhy did the strategy of pacification fail?It was not as effective and easy to push under the rugHow did TV affect Americans' perceptions of the war?They got to see what the government didn't truly tell themBe able to compare and contrast the arguments of hawks and dovesThe doves had many antiwar protests Hawks protest wanted to fight and protestUnderstand the protests against the Vietnam WarAmericans felt we were sending to many troops to a war we had no part of getting our selves into26th AmendmentStates cannot deny the right to vote based on age (18+)The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.Understand why the draft fell disproportionately on the poor and minoritiesBecause they felt like they did not get their voices heard and was shunned outUnderstand Tet offensive (what was it, what was its goal, was it a success, how did it impact the view of Americans?)The Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968Chapter 52Understand the "carrot and stick" plan used by Nixon to bring "peace w/ honor"Carrot do what I say and everything will be fine stick if you disobey you will get the stickUnderstand the expansion of the war into Cambodia (why?)Because they had to destroy the route and the route was on the border of CambodiaHow did the expansion of the war result in more protests?More people got their voices heard and spoke out pr even opposed the warMy Lai MassacreThe Mỹ Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass killing of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 196Kent State shootingsThe Kent State shootings were the shootings of unarmed college students protesting the Vietnam WarThe Pentagon Paperswas the name given to a secret Department of Defense study of U.S. political and military involvement in VietnamNew York Times Co. v. United StatesNew York Times Co. v. United States, 403 U.S. 713, was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the First AmendmentThe War Powers Resolutiona federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflictWhat were the results of the Paris Peace Accords?was an agreement between the government of the Democratic Republic of VietnamPTSDThe history of the development of the PTSD concept is described by TrimbleWhat was the ultimate fate for Vietnam?Was dived down the 17th parallelUnderstand the human cost of The Vietnam WarThousands of people died a weekChapter 53Stagflationan economic condition in which prices and the rate of unemployment increases at the same timeThe energy crisis of the 19731973 oil crisis. The 1973 oil crisisbegan in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo. ... By the end of the embargo in March 1974, the price of oil had risen from US$3 per barrel to nearly $12 globally; US prices were significantly higher.Realpolitika system of politics or principles based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations.Détente'the easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries."a serious effort at detente with the easternUnderstand how Nixon improved relations with China and The Soviet UnionPresident Nixon became the first US president to visit Communist China and the Soviet Union in 1972, while the US was still fighting the Vietnam War.SALTThe Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and correspondinginternational treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union—the Cold War superpowers—on the issue of armament control.Understand the Watergate scandal and how it lead to the resignation of NixonWatergate was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters