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30 terms

poetry terms

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poetry
a special type of literature in which words are arranged and chosen to create a certain effect
prose
writing which is not poetry
stanza
a poetry paragraph, separated from others by a line of space
line
organization of words in a poem, may or may not be sentences
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables; it brings out the musical quality of language and can be used to create mood and emphasize ideas
meter
a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
rhyme scheme
the letter pattern of repeated end rhymes
free verse
poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
narrative poem
a poem in verse that tells a story, not intended to be sung, includes greater detail than a ballad
lyric poem
a poem that has the form and musical quality of a song in which the poet expresses an intense personal feeling
consonance
repetition of initial consonant sounds, like alliteration but not limited to the first letters of words
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds within words
onomatopoeia
words whose sounds suggest their meanings
rhyme
the similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words
end rhyme
the rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry
internal rhyme
rhyming words found within a line of poetry
near rhyme
the similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words is close but not perfect
personification
giving human qualities to inanimate objects
metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things in which no words of comparison (like, as) is used
symbol
a person, place, thing, or event used to represent something else
allusion
a reference in literature or history to a familiar person, place, thing, or event
simile
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
figurative language
language used to create a special effect or feeling, characterized by figures of speech
imagery
language that appeals to the readers' senses of sight, hearing, smell, touch, etc
pun
a play on words, where language is used in such a way as to suggest more that one possible meaning
mood
overall feeling, or effect, created by a writer's words
parody
a humorous form of literature intended to make fun of a particular literary work or its style
epic poem
a long narrative poem that tells of the deeds and adventures of a hero (The Odyssey)
refrain
the repetition of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals
sonnet
a poem of fourteen lines of iambic pentameter, following a specific rhyme scheme--English or Italian