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Social Psych chapter 4
Terms in this set (44)
Maria has never liked coffee but loves caffeine drinks. She is displaying a negative ____ towards coffee.
_____ and _____ attitudes together may predict behavior better than either alone.
implicit & explicit
According to the principle of aggregation, jane's strong sense of religious belief and spirituality indicate that she would _______.
never miss a weekly worship
Attitudes tend to predict behaviors when the attitude is specifically relevant to the observed ______.
If a minor is put in front of a classroom where students are taking a final exam, their own self-______ may minimize cheating on the exam.
Attitudes that will be good predictors of behavior are ______.
A set of norms that defines how people in a given social position ought to behave is identified as a ________.
Our______ is a product of both an individual person and the individual situation.
Jaquan is having trouble with math class in school. Jaquan's teacher keeps telling him he is a smart boy. Eventually, Jaquan starts to improve his grades. This is an example of "saying becomes________"
Mrs. Anderson teaches her first-grade students the national anthem. This practice of publicly promoting patriotism in individual schoolchildren is an example of the power of ________.
A social movement
The 1969 research by Allan Wicker discovered that a person's attitude did not necessarily predict his or her behavior. Specific examples Wicker found include which of the following?
-Student attitudes about cheating did not predict their own cheating behaviors.
-Individual attitudes about church attendance did not predict their own Sunday attendance.
-Individual descriptions of racial attitudes did not predict behaviors in an actual situation.
It appears attitudes do affect behaviors when _______.
-The attitude is potent
-The attitude is specific to the behavior
-other influences on what we say and do is minimal.
A means of measuring individual reaction times to how quickly people associate concepts is the implicit _____ test.
Neuroscience hs found that our automatic evaluation of social stimuli is located in the brain center called the___________.
Social psychologists have identified that behavior determines our ___________.
Ophelia has a new job as a teacher, but she's not sure of herself. She acts like how she thinks teachers do, and this acting eventually shapes her attitudes and behaviors. This is an example of ________ at her job.
Historically, sometimes soldiers must complete actions they think, are unethical. If they rationalize and adjust their attitudes to fit their actions, and both the actions and the attitudes continue to influence each other, this could eventually lead to __________.
Jacob is on the wrestling team for his high school. After winning a match, Jacob always helps his opponent up from the floor and puts his arm around his opponent's shoulder, so that events losing opponents like him. This behavior demonstrates how ______ behavior fosters liking.
The 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision to desegregate schools demonstrates the ability to _______ moral action.
Social psychologists have identified how behavior affects our attitudes through _____.
Sara spends many dollars annually on clothes, cosmetics, and her hair to make a good Impression on others. Sara's actions provide an example of self- ___________.
Jorge always tells people he's not religious, but he has a christian bumper sticker on his car. If he were to feel uncomfortable due to the inconsistency between his stated attitude and his behavior, he would experience _______.
When we feel uncomfortable tension due to inconsistent thought or behaviors that occur at the same time, we feel cognitive ________.
A reduction of dissonance by internally justifying one's behavior when external justification is lacking is called _____ justification.
Troy and Christa bought a new house after looking at several. After the purchase they started to look at negatives if their purchase and the positives of another house. Troy and Christa are experiencing dissonance after a __________.
Self-perception theory suggests we infer our emotions by observing our bodies and our _______.
When we assume that we make similar inferences when we observe our own behavior, we are demonstrating self-_______ theory.
Mary was aging and feeling sad and depressed with her inability to do different activities. Mary's friend stopped over and made a suggestion that made Mary feel better. Which suggestion did Mary's friend make?
Tape the sides of your lips upward on each side.
When an individual shows a facial expression, the facial expression typically corresponds with the feelings of that person, such as fears anger, or happiness. This is called the _________ effect.
We tend to automatically copy people's facial expressions and feel the same emotions as the people around us. The term to explain this tendency is _______.
The result of bribing people to do what they already like doing, so that they may then see their actions as externally controlled rather than intrinsically appealing, is a description of the ______________ effect.
Theorists have identified that neither dissonance theory nor self-perception theory were created by nature; both are created by human _________.
An aroused state of uncomfortable tension is identified as ______.
When a person does something embarrassing, they compensate by affirming another aspect of themselves or by justifying their actions. Thus, they are demonstrating self- _________ theory.
When we act contrary to or defined attitudes we are using ______ theory.
After making important decisions, one can experience _______ dissonance when thinking about the negative options of what was chosen and the positive options of what was not chosen.
Research reveals that both implicit and explicit ______ predict individual behaviors and judgements.
When we want to minimize dissonance, we will often seek agreeable information or people that agree wit our viewpoint, a strategy known as _____.
The implicit association test measures people's implicit ________.
In the first published study on cognitive dissonance, Brehm (1956) asked women to rate several household items. They were then allowed to chose one item to keep. After their decision, they rated all of the items again. The results showed that the women.
rated the item they chose as the most desirable item.
Sam did a service learning project in his psychology class of mowing an elderly neighbors lawn. After this experience, Sam's attitudes followed his behaviors because
Cognitive dissonance theory offers explanation for ______-persuasion.
When attitudes start through experience they are more
Social Psychologists have identified how behavior affects our attitudes through _______.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 4 Attitudes & Behaviors
Chapter 3 Social Beliefs & Judgments
Social Psych - Chapter 7
Social Psych - Exam 1
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