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Pivot Point Chapter 10 Hair Design

STUDY
PLAY
The art of dressing and arranging hair to create temporary changes in the form and texture is known as:
color
sculpture
hair design
hair design
The tool that allows the greatest air flow to the hair while directing it into the lines of the design is called a(n):
long hair pins
air forming brush
fine tooth comb
air forming brush
The type of comb that is used for backcombing and smoothing the surface of the hair is called a:
molding comb
master sketcher
fine tooth tail comb
master sketcher
The process of designing wet hair into the desired position is referred to as molding or:
shaping
curving
parting
shaping
Distribution begins at the point where motion begins also knows as the:
scale
base control
point of orgin
point of orgin
What pattern is created when two oblong shapes alternate?
figure 8
0 shaped
S shaped
C shaped
S shaped
What is the area between partings within a shape on which roller is places?
base
form
stem
base
The section of curl between teh scalp and the first turn of the roller is called:
form
stem
base
stem
The diameter of the tool or pincurl will determine the:
shape of the base
size of the base
direction of the curl
direction of the curl
What part of a curl is positioned around the roller?
stem
base
form
stem
The combination of the size of the base in relation to the diameter of the tool and the position of the tool in relation to the base is called:
curl control
base control
diameter
base control
What affects the amount of volume, lift, fullness or mass achieved in a hair design?
on base
indentation
base control
base control
The base control that results in the most volume and strongest base strenth is called:
on base
off base
half off base
on base
Holding the hair 90 degrees from the center of one diameter base and having the tool sit on the bottom parting results from which type of base control?
on base
off base
half off base
half off base
Which base control positions the tool completely off the bottom parting?
on base
off base
undirected
off base
Which base control is being used when the tool sits in the lower portion of the base, but not on or below the parting:
on base
off base
underdirected
underdirected
Hair that is held at a 45 degree angle above the center of the base and rolled to sit in the upper portion of the base is described by which of the following terms?
on base
overdirected
half off base
overdirected
Which of the following base shapes is used within an oblong?
circle
rhomboid
triangle
rhomboid
Which of the following base shapes is used within a half cirlce?
circle
triangle
trapezius
triange
A technique used to increase height and control form by creating a cushion or mesh at the base with a comb is called:
comb out
backcombing
dry molding
backcombing
Defining the form includes smoothing the surface of the hair and:
controlling the amount of desired volume
using a cushion brush to retrace the lines of the set
controlling the amount of desired volume
Styling lotion supports volume and movement and:
is a foam consistency
is a liquid consistency
is a liquid dispensed through compressed gas
is of liquid consistency
Which of teh following hairstyling products adds shine and weight to the hair:
gel
pomade
styling lotion
pomade
Safety guidelines require the air intake of a blow dryer to be:
closed
free from debris
clogged with debris
free from debris
The area of hair designing in which the hair is manipulated into the desired shapes and movements while wet and then allowed to dry is known as:
wet design
form design
thermal design
wet design
What is created by two complete oblong shapes that are joined and connected by a ridge?
a pincurl
a flat pincurl
a fingerwave
a fingerwave
The hollow of the fingerwave may be described by which of the following terms?
recess
legde
ridge
recess
Overdirection of the ridge in fingerwaving may be caused by which of the following improper techniques?
using a fine tooth comb
using a wide tooth comb
pinching or pushing the ridge
pinching or pushing the ridge
A section of hair that forms a pincurl is commonly described in three parts as the base, stem, and:
twist
circle
barrel
strand
circle
The area of the strand at the scalp between partings within a shape is called:
arc
form
base
base
Where is the stem of the pincurl located that demonstrates the direction of the curl?
closest to the scalp
between the barrel and base
between teh base and first turn
between the base and first turn
What determines the width and strength of a wax?
size of the base
size of the circle
length of the stem
size of the circle
Which of the following results would be achieved by using a pincurl with a closed center?
wider wave
uniform effect
smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect
smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect
A pincurl with an open circle has the ability to produce which of the following effects?
fluffy effect
wider wave pattern with uniform curls
stronger wave
wider wave pattern with uniform curls
The shape of the base within pincurls is used to:
avoid excess curls
add volume to hair style
avoid splits in the finished hair style
avoid splits in the finished hair style
The base shapes of pincurls most often used are triangles, square, rectangle, and:
crescent
stand up
straight
crescent
Which type of base control is used to produce life or strong curl effect?
on base
off base
underdirected
on base
The base control used when an equal degree of predetermined direction and volume are required is:
underdirected
on base
half off base
half off base
Which base control is identified as having the stem and circle positioned below the base?
overdirected
on base
off base
half off base
half off base
The off base pincurl produces which of the following results?
closeness and mobility
the least amount of closeness
the least amount of movement
the least amount of closeness
What is the name given to large stand up pincurls, that are able to achieve a similar effect to hair wound around a roller, but resulting in less volume?
flat
barrel
straight volume
flat
Cascade pincurls are volume pincurls used to create which of the following results?
fullness and height
a smooth flat sapce
hollow space and flare
fullness and height
Which of the following terms is NOT a common type of curvature pincurl?
flat
volume
skip wave
indentation
skip wave
Which type of pincurl would be selected to obtain closeness within a hair style?
flat pincurls
volume pincurls
stand up pincurls
flat pincurls
What type of pincurl is used to create fullness and height?
flat
volume
skip wave
volume wave
volume
Two altering oblongs connected by a ridge in which one oblong is molded and one oblong is set is called:
arc curl
ridge curl
skip wave
volume wave
skip wave
One oblong followed by a row of pincurls is called a:
ridge curl
skip wave
barrel wave
ridge curl
Cone shaped rollers fit into a curvature shape and allow the creation of which of the following results?
straighter line
bricklay effect
a stronger curvature movement
a stronger curvature movement
Which type of set allows you to position rollers diagonally and set from multiple points of orgin?
oblong
half oval
half circle
oblong
Use of a hand held dryer with fingers, brushes, pressing combs, and or a curling iron is called:
sculpture
wet design
thermal design
thermal design
Before brushing or combing hair that has been curled with an iron, ensure that the hair is:
warm
completely cool
shampood
completely cool
Rain or humidity may cause thermally styled hair to react in which of the following ways?
curls lighten
curls discolor
hair returns to its original shape
hair returns to its original shape
The process of drying the hair and then styling it to create a new form is called air forming or:
pressing
blow drying
spiral technique
blow drying
Which thermal styling tool is used to air form wet hair while using brushes, combs, and fingers to create temporary direction and texture changes?
hood dryer
blow dryer
stove heater
blow dryer
The blow dryer attachment that focuses the air flow to a small area is called the:
nozzle
handle
concentrator
concentrator
Loss of hair elacticity ot split ends may be caused by:
minial tension
excessive air forming
minimal air forming
excessive air forming
What direction should the blow dryer's air flow point?
up and down the hair strand
back and forth across the hair strand
down the hair strand from the scalp to the ends
down the hair strand from the scalp to the ends
To reduce the potential of hair and scalp damage from heat, hold blow dryer at least:
3 to 5 inches from the hair
1-3 inches from the hair
12-15 inches from the hair
3 to 5 inches from the hair
Which of the following is true about the use of a smaller briush when designing short hair?
achoeves indenataion
achieves a curlier design
achieves a curlier design
If the client wants volume, where should the brush be positioned when air forming with a round brush?
on top of hair
on top of the ends
underneath the hair
underneath the hair
The technique in which the fingers are used to mainpulate and design the hair while using a blow drer is called:
air forming
finger styling
hair pressing
finger styling
If a client requests a temporary hair straightening service which of the following methods should be used?
finger styling
hair pressing
air forming with a round brush
hair pressing
Whivh of the following will help determine the temperature used when pressing hair?
color
length
texture
texture
Hair breakage may result from which of the following actions?
pressing hair too often
less pressure on the hair
short contact time on the hair
pressing hair too often
Which of the following time periods describes how long hair pressing results last?
6-8 weeks
until next shampoo
until next perm
until next shampoo
During hair pressing, fine hair requires, which of the following actions?
supply less heat
apply more heat
apply hard press
supply less heat
How can the temperature of a pressing comb be tested?
wave it in the air quick then touch it
place it against a paper towel and look for a change of color
hold it close to the nose and smell if its too hot
place it against a paper towel and look for a change of color
How is the majority of hair straightening accomplished during a pressng service?
taking wide partings
pressing the spine of the comb against the hair
applying excess pressing oil
pressing the spine of the comb against the hair
A hard press refers to applying the pressing comb:
with less pressure
once on each side
twice with more pressure and heat
twice with more pressure and heat
Thermal iron procedure are only performed on hair that has been:
dried
lightened
texturized
dried
Curling iron barrels, in order to retain heat, are usually made of which of the following materials?
cooper
bronze
stainless steel
stainless steel
To maintain a constant tempertaure during use, the electric curling iron contains a heating element controlled by a:
rod
thermostat
clamp
thermostat
The hair type that generally requires lower tempertaures and less contact time when using an electronic curling iron is which of the following?
red hair
chemically altered hair
resistant hair
chemically altered hair
Manipulation of a thermal iron when styling involves all of the following procedures EXCEPT:
rolling the iron
quick clicking movement
maintaining a closed clamp
maintaining a closed clamp
The comb used to protect the scalp when performing curling iron technique should be made of:
aluminum material
heat resistant or nonflammable material
light weight material
heat resistant or nonflammable material
Why should having the ends of the hair protrude over the ion be avoided?
split ends could occur
indentation may be created
fishhooks ends could end up th result
fishhooks ends could end up th result
The technique used to create a curved under or flipped up effect by adding curl textureat the ends only is referred to as a:
roll technique
curl technique
ends technique
ends technique
Which technique involves using the curling iron to create alternating oblongs along the hair strand?
ends technique
Marcel technique
marcel technique
All of the following are true about using a thermal iron on tinted, white or very fine hair EXCEPT:
lower iron temperature is used
highest iron tempertaure is used
highest iron temperature is used
The two most common braiding methods are u=the 3 strand overbraid and the:
french braid
5 strand
3 strand underbraid
3 strand underbraid