Chapter 25 Cold War
Terms in this set (39)
The United States stockpiled more than 10,000 weapons by 1971. When did the Soviet Union reach the same number of nuclear weapons?
When did stockpiles of strategic nuclear weapons begin to decline in the United States?
the mid 1990s
Which countries remained under Soviet control after the end of World War II?
Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria
Who first spoke of the "iron curtain"?
One goal of the Marshall Plan was to
make European countries strong enough to start buying American goods.
In order to try to gain control over West Berlin, the Soviet Union
set up a total blockade cutting off that section of the city.
NATO and the Warsaw Pact were examples of
military alliances made for "collective security."
In China's civil war, the United States backed
the Nationalists, led by Jiang Jieshi.
In 1950, what event began the conflict on the Korean peninsula?
The North Korean army invaded south of the 38th parallel.
General MacArthur chose what port city for a counterattack against North Korea?
How did the American public view General MacArthur after President Truman fired him?
They still saw him as a hero.
What impact did the Korean War have on U.S. budgets?
Military spending increased and became a larger proportion of future budgets.
What happened on September 2, 1949, that caused a sudden change in U.S.-Soviet relations?
The Soviet Union set off an atomic bomb.
After President Eisenhower withdrew his offer to fund the Aswan Dam, Egyptian President Nasser
nationalized the Suez Canal.
John Foster Dulles, Eisenhower's secretary of state
promoted the policy of brinkmanship.
What made it unlawful yo teach about or advocate the violent overthrow of the US government?
General in charge of US forces in the Korean War
American diplomat who stressed the need to contain communism within its current borders
Weaker country under the control of a stronger country
Allowed the FBI to screen federal employees for signs of disloyalty
Federal Employee Loyalty Program
How was Khrushchev different from Stalin?
He was less cruel and suspicious.
The CIA participated in the Cold War by
carrying out secret operations in other countries.
What was one place on the globe where the Cold War was "hot" and U.S. soldiers fought and died?
In 1954, after he had worked on developing the atomic bomb, J. Robert Oppenheimer was investigated and denied future access to classified information because
he had friends and family who belonged to the Communist Party
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were charged, convicted, and executed specifically for
passing secrets about nuclear science to the Soviets.
Where did Senator McCarthy first announce that the State Department was infested with communists?
at a campaign rally
What led to Senator McCarthy's downfall?
the broadcast of the McCarthy hearings on television
In response to NATO, with whom did the Soviet Union form the Warsaw Pact?
Eastern European nations
A reason for communist victory in China
The Nationalists were reluctant to fight.
Why did the United States send several billion dollars to aid the Nationalists in China?
because leaders feared that a Nationalist defeat would create a communist superpower
What event in 1956 threatened the flow of Middle Eastern oil to Europe?
Khrushchev becoming leader of the U.S.S.R.
What was the Eisenhower Doctrine?
The United States would use force to help any Middle Eastern nation threatened by communism.
What was HUAC responsible for?
holding hearings about communist ties to the entertainment industry
What was a result of the Hollywood Ten trial?
Movie executives blacklisted entertainers with alleged communist ties after the hearings.
term used to describe extreme, reckless charges
war to achieve specific goals rather than the total defeat of the enemy
endless race to acquire greater numbers of more and more powerful weapons
fear of communists, both outside and within the United States
having so many weapons that both sides would be totally destroyed in an all-out war
Mutual Assured Destruction